Statistical Overview of the Canadian Field Vegetable and Mushroom Industry, 2020

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Prepared by:
Horticulture Section
Crops and Horticulture Division
Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada
December 2021

Overview

This report provides a statistical overview of the vegetable industry including the number of farms, total farm area, production, farm gateFootnote1 value (FGV), consumption and trade in the sector. It focuses on field vegetables and mushroomsFootnote2. Separate reports for potatoes and greenhouse vegetables are prepared annually.

The COVID-19 pandemic highlighted existing vulnerabilities within Canada's horticulture sector, notably the amount of labour required for production and the limited ability to mechanize operations, as well as the high-degree of reliance on foreign workers. Due to travel restrictions, growers faced late-arriving or reduced levels of seasonal agricultural workers, as well as on-farm viral outbreaks. The impact of COVID-19 was significant on the production of some vegetables. For instance, asparagus, one of the first vegetables to be harvested in the spring, was the first crop affected by labour shortages resulting from travel restrictions in March and April, for which production fell by 24.3%. While production increases and decreases varied by commodity, overall, growers were able to adapt quickly in order to minimize production disruptions as the total production of field vegetables decreased by 2.6%. Similarly, due to reduced demand from the foodservice industry as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic, mushroom growers adjusted operations; donated surplus production to food banks; negotiated deep retail discounts to move surplus production; increased exports to the U.S.; and/or reduced or halted production as a whole.

Field vegetable planted area was 100 million hectares in 2020, down 1.9% from 2019. Canada's field vegetable production volume was down 2.6% to 2.2 million metric tonnes in 2020, due to the planted area decrease and lower yields. Field tomatoes topped the production of field vegetables (22%), followed by carrots (16%), and dry onions (10%). Ontario remained the largest producing province, accounting for 44% of Canada's total production of field vegetables, followed by Quebec with 37%.

Conversely, total farm gate value of field vegetables rose 2.5% to $1.34 billion in 2020, with the increase attributable mainly to higher farm gate prices, while, for some commodities, yields were slightly above their respective five-year average yield. The sales increase was driven by higher sales of cabbage (+9.6%), sweet corn (+7.4%) and tomatoes (+6.4%).

Together, carrots, tomatoes, dry onions, cabbage, sweet corn, broccoli, peppers and lettuce represented over 58% of the total value of field vegetables grown in Canada. Carrots recorded the highest value ($131.8 million), followed by tomatoes ($116.9 million), dry onions ($113.5 million), cabbage ($96.4 million), sweet corn ($84.1 million), broccoli ($79.1 million), peppers ($78.5 million) and lettuce ($77.8 million).

Canadian mushroom growers produced 132,589 metric tons of mushrooms in 2020, up 0.4% compared with 2019 and showed the fifth consecutive year-over-year increase, mainly due to higher yields and exports. While harvested area decreased (-2.8%) in 2020, better yields contributed to higher production. Yields have been rising since 2016 due to better growing mediums, such as enriched sawdust and nutrient-rich soil. The total value of mushrooms sold rose 5.1% to $619.7 million in 2020, due to higher prices for both fresh and processed mushrooms. Ontario and British Columbia are the leading producing provinces of mushrooms in Canada, together accounting for over 90% of total production.

Total Canadian field vegetable export value fell 5.0% to $692.4 million in 2020 from the previous year. The decrease in exports was driven by lower exports of asparagus (-35.8%), cauliflowers and headed broccoli (-35.6%), cucumbers and gherkins (-13.9%), carrots (-6.3%) and lettuce (-6.2%). These export decreases may be associated with aforementioned decreases in production in 2020 along with increased domestic consumer demand for supporting locally-grown produce, which minimized the need to export surplus production. On the other hand, Canadian mushroom exports were valued at $361.0 million in 2020, up 12.7% from a year earlier. The United States remained Canada's largest purchaser, importing 96.0% of Canada's total field vegetable and mushroom exports.

Due to the seasonal nature of field vegetable production in Canada, imports are an integral component of the Canadian fresh vegetable market and are often necessary to complement Canadian greenhouse vegetable production in order to fulfill Canadian demand year-round. In 2020, Canada imported over $3.5 billion in field vegetables and $58 million in mushrooms, with approximately $2.2 billion (62.5%) coming from the United States. Mexico was the second largest source of Canadian imports, with approximately $860 million (24.0%) in import value. The top field vegetables in terms of value imported were lettuce (16.0%), cabbages (11.4%), tomatoes (7.4%), peppers (6.3%) and onions (6.0%). In terms of quantity, the top imported field vegetables consisted of lettuce (14.0%), onions (11.5%), cabbages (9.7%) and tomatoes (6.6%).

1. Production

Carrots are Canada's most important field vegetable crop in terms of value (over $131 million in 2020), and are the third-most significant crop in terms of acreage (8,313 hectares) and total production volume (350,614 metric tonnes in 2020). Carrots are harvested in summer and fall in all provinces with most of the production taking place in Ontario (49%), Quebec (28%) and Nova Scotia (13%). Planted area decreased by 1.7% in 2020 compared to 2019, while average yields increased by 2.5% to 46,556 kilograms per hectare. Total production of carrots dropped by 3.4% due to a combination of labour shortages and dry weather while overall farm gate value decreased by 5.7%. However, average farm gate prices per kilogram in 2020 remained consistent with 2019 values ($0.39 per kilogram).

Canada's most important field vegetable crop in terms of total production volume continues to be field tomatoes (492,211 metric tonnes in 2020), with yields of 82,836 kilograms per hectare. Field tomatoes are also the second-most important crop in terms of value (over $116 million in 2020), with production largely concentrated in Ontario (98%). Most of Canada's production of field tomatoes (91%) are destined for the processing market. During the pandemic, demand was high for processed tomato products, and reported contracted tonnage for processing tomatoes rose marginally in 2020 over 2019 to 431,000 metric tonnes, but the actual harvest was slightly larger due to favourable weather conditions. In 2020, total acreage for field tomatoes increased by 1% over 2019, while total production increased by 0.4%,

Dry onions represent Canada's third-most important field vegetable crop in terms of value ($113.5 million in 2020) and production volume (229,481 metric tonnes in 2020).  In 2020, planted area for dry onions (5,708 hectares) remained fairly consistent as in previous years. Dry onions are mainly produced in Quebec (42%), Ontario (38%) and Nova Scotia (4%). Total production of dry onions had steadily increased since 2016 and peaked at 250,847 metric tonnes in 2019 before dropping to 229,481 metric tonnes in 2020. This was largely due to a combination of labour issues and drought conditions in early summer that resulted in lower yields (-9.2% over 2019). Although average farm gate values for dry onions increased by 8.5% to $0.51 per kilogram in 2020, overall farm gate value only increased by 1.0% due to decreased production.

Cabbage (including regular cabbage, Chinese cabbage and kale) is Canada's fourth-most important field vegetable crop in terms of value ($96.4 million) and the fifth-most important in terms of total production volume (165,070 metric tonnes). Quebec (54%) is the largest producer of cabbage, followed by Ontario (34%) and British Columbia (5%). Although planted area (5,163 hectares) decreased by 7.8% in 2020 compared to 2019, total production of cabbage increased marginally by 0.7%. Farm gate value for cabbage increased by 9.6% in 2020 over 2019 largely due to increased prices, which grew by 6.9% to an average value of $0.62 per kilogram.

With 17,365 planted hectares, sweet corn is Canada's most important field vegetable crop in terms of acreage, and represents the fourth-most important crop in terms of total production (197,873 metric tonnes) and the fifth-most important crop in terms of farm gate value ($84.2 million). Ontario produces the majority of sweet corn in Canada (57%), with other notable quantities produced in Quebec (32%) and British Columbia (3%). More than two-thirds of sweet corn production is destined for the processing market, while the remaining one-third is intended for the fresh market. While planted area for sweet corn continues on a slight downward trend, decreasing by 0.9% in 2020 compared to 2019, total production increased by 4.4%, reaching production levels not seen since 2017. Average yields for sweet corn increased by 2.5% over 2019 to 11,977 kilograms per hectare in 2020. As a result of increased production and slightly higher prices, the value of sweet corn rose by 7.4% in 2020.

While field vegetables are grown and harvested in an open field during the warmer months of the year, mushrooms are grown year-round in closed, dark climate-controlled facilities that maintain ideal temperatures and humidity, and are harvested on a 24/7-basis. In 2020, Canadian mushroom growers produced 132,589 metric tonnes of mushrooms, a small increase of 0.4% compared to 2019, which marked the fifth consecutive year-over-year increase in production. However, the total value of mushrooms rose 5.1% to $619.7 million in 2020, due to increased prices. Harvested area (59.2 million square feet) fell by 2.5% in 2020, largely in response to foodservice closures – and a resulting drop in demand – as the COVID-19 pandemic began. Just over half of Canada's mushrooms were produced in Ontario (50.4%) in 2020.

1.1. Planted area of field vegetables[1] by province (hectares)

  2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2020 %
Share
Newfoundland and Labrador 324 280 264 260 273 0.3%
Prince Edward Island 917 885 963 904 824 0.8%
Nova Scotia 2,350 2,254 2,159 2,223 2,248 2.2%
New Brunswick 691 649 592 556 503 0.5%
Quebec 38,082 37,286 37,472 37,862 36,544 36.4%
Ontario 54,212 50,362 50,945 49,295 49,382 49.2%
Manitoba 1,932 1,826 1,612 1,524 1,403 1.4%
Saskatchewan 372 381 332 326 339 0.3%
Alberta 4,185 4,160 3,776 3,762 3,756 3.7%
British Columbia 6,454 5,858 5,796 5,579 5,058 5.0%
Canada[2] 109,518 103,939 103,912 102,292 100,329 100.0%

Notes:

1. Includes melons.

2. Totals may not add up as some data was suppressed to meet confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act.

Source: Statistics Canada.  Table 32-10-0365-01 Area, production and farm gate value of vegetables

1.2. Planted area of field vegetables by commodity (hectares)

  2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Corn, sweet 19,248 17,968 17,551 17,516 17,365
Peas, green 12,782 11,176 11,387 11,493 12,268
Carrots[1] 8,940 8,662 8,344 8,461 8,313
Beans, green or wax 8,313 8,179 8,477 8,092 7,978
Tomatoes 6,938 6,557 6,559 6,216 6,279
Dry onions 5,734 5,776 5,624 5,702 5,708
Cabbage[2] 5,578 5,458 5,912 5,600 5,163
Broccoli 4,276 4,423 4,570 4,550 4,283
Pumpkins 3,708 3,427 3,197 3,275 3,515
Lettuce[3] 4,140 3,975 3,931 3,902 3,367
Squash and zucchinis 3,680 3,300 3,218 3,042 2,855
Cucumbers and gherkins 2,814 2,532 2,433 2,465 2,350
Asparagus 2,351 2,381 2,320 2,431 2,339
Peppers 2,771 2,556 2,514 2,262 2,239
Cauliflowers 1,844 1,860 1,921 1,882 1,823
Beets 1,882 1,928 1,758 1,817 1,778
Rutabagas and turnips 1,736 1,678 1,530 1,524 1,497
Radishes[4] 963 935 1,144 1,061 1,244
Sweet potatoes .. .. 726 811 807
Celery 904 870 802 781 755
Brussels sprouts 563 600 669 650 675
Watermelons 674 693 696 719 668
Shallots and green onions 756 793 754 806 621
Spinach 748 716 728 707 590
Garlic 697 658 641 566 572
Other melons 673 572 505 465 428
Leeks 314 321 337 350 352
Parsnips 364 391 367 349 350
Other fine herbs .. .. 295 337 322
Eggplants .. .. 223 241 213
Rhubarb 204 260 216 198 187
Parsley 149 159 153 134 127
Other vegetables 5,776 5,139 4,410 3,888 3,303
Total[5] 109,518 103,939 103,912 102,292 100,329

Notes:

1. Includes baby carrots and regular carrots.

2. Includes Chinese cabbage, regular cabbage and kale.

3. Includes leaf lettuce, head lettuce and mixed lettuce.

4. Includes Asian radishes.

5. Totals may not add up as some data was suppressed to meet confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act.

.. Not available for a specific reference period.

Source: Statistics Canada.  Table 32-10-0365-01 Area, production and farm gate value of vegetables.

1.3. Production volume[1] of field vegetables by province (metric tons)

  2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2020 %
Share
Newfoundland and Labrador 5,845 4,069 3,484 3,333 3,255 0.1%
Prince Edward Island 26,821 27,216 24,678 24,145 23,195 1.0%
Nova Scotia 57,052 67,402 56,297 57,655 68,419 3.1%
New Brunswick 6,775 6,305 6,437 7,800 6,582 0.3%
Quebec 725,746 702,535 698,481 704,491 649,147 29.3%
Ontario 1,269,977 1,253,287 1,300,680 1,306,839 1,302,254 58.9%
Manitoba 30,759 33,412 28,573 27,356 25,073 1.1%
Saskatchewan 3,063 3,383 3,416 3,972 3,534 0.2%
Alberta 54,872 60,617 59,124 54,645 55,575 2.5%
British Columbia 86,845 81,304 84,755 80,894 75,594 3.4%
Canada2 2,267,753 2,239,530 2,265,925 2,271,130 2,212,628 100.0%

Notes:

1. Includes melons.

2. Totals may not add up as some data was suppressed to meet confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act.

Source: Statistics Canada.  Table 32-10-0365-01 Area, production and farm gate value of vegetables

1.4. Production volume of field vegetables by commodity (metric tons)

  2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Tomatoes 501,375 492,394 497,438 490,286 492,211
Carrots[1] 368,479 385,627 361,539 362,984 350,614
Dry onions 220,364 235,882 241,619 250,847 229,481
Corn, sweet 200,470 196,869 189,691 189,554 197,873
Cabbage[2] 183,146 162,034 170,141 163,881 165,070
Pumpkins 82,725 82,792 76,042 75,925 93,244
Lettuce[3] 91,471 86,603 85,755 84,902 66,813
Peppers 68,704 71,242 66,945 63,438 65,479
Cucumbers and gherkins 64,280 62,204 57,295 59,344 57,306
Beans, green or wax 56,768 52,196 56,268 58,417 51,281
Peas, green 57,275 46,111 45,531 48,662 50,169
Squash and zucchinis 54,693 50,371 56,064 53,877 48,090
Beets 41,034 40,716 43,298 46,325 43,779
Rutabagas and turnips 47,883 47,781 47,138 45,737 42,215
Broccoli 42,286 42,432 42,427 42,313 38,250
Watermelons 25,137 26,200 30,548 32,942 33,562
Celery 39,001 34,967 32,414 32,441 30,758
Cauliflowers 32,685 32,494 28,996 31,598 29,794
Radishes[4] 15,727 16,383 15,802 15,618 15,167
Shallots and green onions 17,467 18,410 15,592 16,269 13,716
Other melons 17,723 14,327 14,259 12,472 11,049
Sweet potatoes  ..  .. 12,935 13,690 10,909
Brussels sprouts 5,400 6,234 6,331 6,394 8,399
Asparagus 9,368 8,956 8,963 10,235 7,747
Leeks 5,608 5,459 6,127 6,413 6,713
Parsnips 7,450 8,321 7,137 6,264 6,078
Spinach 5,825 5,503 4,832 4,607 4,154
Eggplants  ..  .. 3,248 3,475 3,350
Other fine herbs  ..  .. 1,084 1,580 1,971
Parsley 2,373 2,936 2,507 1,898 1,814
Rhubarb 1,625 2,525 1,680 1,656 1,281
Garlic 1,410 1,563 1,490 1,248 1,256
Other vegetables  ..  .. 34,788 35,837 33,035
Total[5] 2,267,753 2,239,530 2,265,925 2,271,130 2,212,628

Notes:

1. Includes baby carrots and regular carrots.  

2. Includes Chinese cabbage, regular cabbage and kale.     

3. Includes leaf lettuce, head lettuce and mixed lettuce.  

4. Includes Asian radishes.

5. Totals may not add up as some data was suppressed to meet confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act.

..  Not available for a specific reference period.

Source: Statistics Canada. Table 32-10-0365-01 Area, production and farm gate value of vegetables

1.5. Farm gate value[1] of field vegetables by province (CAN$ '000)

  2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2020 %
Share
Newfoundland and Labrador 6,259 5,486 4,693 5,110 5,522 0.4%
Prince Edward Island 12,775 12,887 13,475 13,635 13,117 1.0%
Nova Scotia 36,540 39,192 32,748 28,986 30,799 2.3%
New Brunswick 8,180 7,665 7,593 7,836 7,457 0.6%
Quebec 447,473 438,579 456,603 490,124 500,308 37.4%
Ontario 506,131 527,179 551,929 567,328 582,107 43.5%
Manitoba 29,194 33,671 30,341 32,995 32,966 2.5%
Saskatchewan 4,624 5,383 5,628 6,801 6,242 0.5%
Alberta 35,983 39,840 47,927 46,798 49,230 3.7%
British Columbia 102,109 101,093 105,904 104,064 109,099 8.2%
Canada[2] 1,189,268 1,210,975 1,256,842 1,303,677 1,336,847 100.0%

Notes:

1. Farm-gate value is the value received by producers at the point of first transaction, when ownership first changes hands. This value excludes any separately billed costs such as delivery, storage, marketing and administration. 

2. Totals may not add up as some data was suppressed to meet confidentiality requirements oftheStatistics

Source: Statistics Canada. Table 32-10-0365-01 Area, production and farm gate value of vegetables

1.6. Farm gate value of field vegetables by commodity (CAN$ '000)

  2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Carrots[1] 128,650 132,805 129,170 139,818 131,783
Tomatoes 111,768 109,876 106,820 109,857 116,858
Dry onions 86,463 91,337 101,940 112,449 113,526
Cabbage[2] 80,678 72,924 91,237 87,945 96,373
Corn, sweet 75,997 75,879 76,193 78,373 84,163
Broccoli 59,369 72,010 75,850 79,364 79,106
Peppers 61,770 67,570 68,632 74,405 78,518
Lettuce[3] 84,336 78,997 81,844 82,370 77,775
Squash and zucchinis 39,670 38,163 40,538 42,164 43,957
Asparagus 38,544 39,711 38,094 45,130 41,640
Cucumbers and gherkins 40,082 35,485 33,771 37,491 38,960
Beans, green or wax 36,303 35,694 35,620 39,159 38,390
Pumpkins 26,653 28,747 27,944 32,101 36,720
Cauliflowers 30,816 29,236 32,475 36,670 36,658
Shallots and green onions 26,933 32,992 30,851 32,686 32,761
Rutabagas and turnips 27,153 27,010 28,872 31,297 30,464
Peas, green 25,178 23,225 22,127 23,969 24,941
Celery 22,102 19,197 17,816 19,896 22,151
Beets 20,156 21,435 18,734 19,037 19,738
Radishes[4] 13,783 14,865 16,473 19,135 19,553
Watermelons 10,342 8,401 11,847 13,649 15,559
Brussels sprouts 9,389 12,279 12,593 13,078 14,256
Garlic 15,682 15,667 15,135 14,245 14,208
Leeks 8,955 9,674 11,066 12,316 13,590
Sweet potatoes  ..  .. 12,734 13,507 12,382
Spinach 12,462 11,700 10,620 10,355 10,430
Other melons 10,344 8,611 9,057 8,737 8,866
Parsnips 8,447 9,509 8,875 8,179 8,416
Other fine herbs  ..  .. 3,602 5,368 6,410
Eggplants  ..  .. 2,927 4,789 5,786
Parsley 5,215 6,541 6,080 5,071 5,153
Rhubarb 2,581 3,654 2,728 2,809 2,322
Other vegetables 69,447 77,783 74,574 48,259 55,432
Total[5] 1,189,268 1,210,975 1,256,842 1,303,677 1,336,847

Notes:

1. Includes baby carrots and regular carrots.

2.  Includes Chinese cabbage, regular cabbage and kale.   

3. Includes leaf lettuce, head lettuce and mixed lettuce. 

4. Includes Asian radishes.

5. Totals may not add up as some data was suppressed to meet confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act.

..  Not available for a specific reference period.

Source: Statistics Canada. Table 32-10-0365-01 Area, production and farm gate value of vegetables

1.7. Number of field vegetable farms[1],[2],[3] by province

  2006 2011 2016
Newfoundland and Labrador 68 112 78
Prince Edward Island 54 299 250
Nova Scotia 125 140 177
New Brunswick 69 280 236
Quebec 857 974 1,172
Ontario 1,526 1,531 1,856
Manitoba 97 189 196
Saskatchewan 43 108 115
Alberta 124 277 299
British Columbia 669 912 1,135
Canada 3,632 4,822 5,514

Notes:

1. The last Census of Agriculture was conducted in 2016. The next Census of Agriculture will occur in May 2021.

2. Number of farms includes all farms reported to be growing field vegetables and on which field vegetable production represents 50% or more of total farm cash receipts.

3. Includes melons.

Source: Statistics Canada.  Table  32-10-0403-01   Farms classified by farm type

1.8. Area, production and sales[1] of Canadian mushrooms

    2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Harvested area (thousands of square feet) Maritime provinces and Quebec x x x x x x
Ontario 28,907 29,199 31,965 34,033 33,430
Prairie provinces x x x x x
British Columbia 16,989 16,989 17,292 22,357 21,938
Canada[2] 50,655 50,764 53,558 60,695 59,167
Production (metric tonnes) Maritime provinces and Quebec x x x x x
Ontario 61,083 63,103 69,196 66,687 66,787
Prairie provinces x x x x x
British Columbia 46,894 47,325 47,352 56,424 x
Canada[2] 118,711 120,253 125,565 132,114 132,589
Sales (CAN$ '000) Maritime provinces and Quebec x x x x x
Ontario 287,959 311,346 338,350 339,329 369,977
Prairie provinces x x x x x
British Columbia 171,358 173,785 173,790 207,592 x
Canada[2] 506,650 527,570 553,320 589,468 619,691

Notes:

1. Regional distribution shown as presented by Statistics Canada.

2. Totals may not add up as some data was suppressed to meet confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act.

x : Suppressed to meet the confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act.

Source:  Statistics Canada. Table 32-10-0356-01   Area, production and sales of mushrooms

2. Trade

Given its geographical location and short growing season, Canada is highly dependent on imports to satisfy the steady domestic demand for vegetables throughout the year. As a result, Canada's field vegetable and mushroom trade deficit of $2.5 billion in 2020 has remained nearly consistent with that in 2019 (-$2.6 billion).

Canada's field vegetable exports (fresh and frozen) have grown by nearly 9% over the last five years to reach more than $692 million in 2020, while the country's field vegetable imports (fresh and frozen) have increased by more than 15% during the same time to reach $3.5 billion in 2020. In comparison to 2019, however, exports of field vegetables dropped by 5%, while imports decreased by 0.7%. Nearly all field vegetable exports are destined for the U.S. market (96%).

Consistent with field vegetables, the U.S. is also the top export destination for fresh mushrooms, accounting for 97% of export values. As Canadian mushroom production has been increasing – especially over the last five years – industry has been actively pursuing export development activities to increase exports to existing markets and to explore new export markets. In 2020, in the early months of the COVID-19 pandemic, despite impacts to operations and production, Canadian mushroom producers increased mushroom exports to capitalize on short-term mushroom shortages in the U.S. based on a surge in retail demand. With an export value of $361 million, mushrooms accounted for 14.7% of vegetables (field vegetables, greenhouse vegetables and mushroom) exports in 2020, and recorded a positive trade surplus for mushrooms of $302.7 million, an increase of 16.1% over the previous year.

Following mushrooms, cabbages accounted for 6.5% of the field vegetable export value in 2020, followed by carrots (6.4%), lettuce (6.3%), and onions and shallots (5.4%). In 2020, import values were highest for lettuce (16.0%), cabbages (11.4%), tomatoes (7.4%), peppers (6.3%) and onions and shallots (6.0%).

Cabbages are a significant export crop, accounting for $68.2 million in export value – an increase of merely 0.2% over 2019. However, cabbages also represent Canada's second-most important import crop in terms of value, accounting for $407.0 million in value in 2020, a decrease of 2.3% over the previous year.

Behind mushrooms and cabbages, carrots represent Canada's third-most important export crop. Consistent with noted decreases in planted area, total production and farm gate value, Canadian exports of carrots decreased by 6.3% compared to 2019, with export values of $66.9 million in 2020. Imports of carrots rose by 1.3% over 2019 to $149.8 million.

As Canada's fourth-most important field vegetable/mushroom crop, lettuce export values ($66.4 million) decreased by 6.2% compared to 2019, largely due to a more than 20% drop in domestic production as a result of labour shortages associated with the COVID-19 pandemic. Lettuce remained Canada's most important field vegetable import in 2020, with $575.0 million in imports, despite increased import requirements specifically for romaine lettuce originating from certain parts of the U.S. in the latter part of the year.

Onions and shallots represent Canada's fifth most important export crop among field vegetables and mushrooms, accounting for $57.1 million in value. Compared to 2019, exports of onions and shallots grew by 2.8% in 2020. Canada also imported $215.3 million worth of onions and shallots in 2020, down 9.2% over the previous year.

2.1. Canadian vegetable trade balance – by value (CAN$ '000)

    2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Exports Field vegetables[1],[2] 637,549 639,112 689,780 729,062 692,573
Mushrooms 213,762 210,003 262,745 320,337 360,963
Total exports 851,310 849,114 952,525 1,049,398 1,053,536
Imports Field vegetables[1],[2] 3,050,730 3,124,625 3,219,526 3,551,975 3,525,720
Mushrooms 39,649 43,694 59,342 59,536 58,273
Total imports 3,090,380 3,168,319 3,278,869 3,611,511 3,583,993
Trade balance (exports - imports) Field vegetables[1],[2] −2,413,182 −2,485,513 −2,529,746 −2,822,913 −2,833,147
Mushrooms 174,112 166,309 203,402 260,801 302,690
Overall trade balance −2,239,069 −2,319,205 −2,326,344 −2,562,112 −2,530,457

Notes:

1. Includes frozen vegetables.

2. Excludes potatoes.

Source: Statistics Canada (CATSNET, May 2021)

2.2. Exports

2.2.1. Canada's vegetable[1] exports by commodity – by value (CAN$ '000)

  2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Mushrooms 213,762 210,003 262,745 320,337 360,963
Cabbages[2] 57,332 49,100 79,292 68,056 68,179
Carrots 53,170 64,836 72,067 71,446 66,918
Lettuce[3] 54,798 56,217 60,274 70,857 66,435
Onions and shallots 54,503 54,033 58,831 55,525 57,073
Beans[4] 60,504 66,621 58,373 57,205 56,079
Peppers 42,123 34,100 38,449 38,952 42,666
Sweet potatoes 17,057 21,917 26,763 30,175 31,230
Pumpkins, squash and gourds 18,981 19,499 23,978 27,452 30,707
Tomatoes 30,753 25,454 23,500 29,230 28,457
Cucumbers and gherkins 36,198 27,305 25,232 32,309 27,807
Sweet corn[4] 29,627 30,593 27,376 23,285 22,969
Peas4 27,873 20,493 19,737 24,074 20,947
Cauliflowers and headed broccoli 17,398 19,888 16,608 30,498 19,655
Aubergines (egg-plants) 6,216 5,926 6,157 7,527 11,611
Spinach[4] 9,238 7,286 7,744 7,113 8,874
Asparagus 8,115 7,922 8,348 11,973 7,691
Brussels sprouts 1,533 4,794 3,556 4,054 4,066
Celery 2,514 2,948 4,042 4,842 3,339
Leeks[5] 2,208 1,988 1,884 1,914 2,609
Garlic 483 742 695 525 829
Turnips 545 1,282 732 784 479
Other vegetables[4] 106,377 116,168 126,143 131,265 113,951
Total 851,310 849,114 952,525 1,049,398 1,053,536

Notes:

1. Includes field vegetables and mushrooms, excludes greenhouse vegetables and potatoes.

2. Includes kohlrabi and kale and similar edible brassicas.

3. Includes cabbage lettuce (head lettuce).

4. Includes frozen.

5. Includes other alliaceous vegetables.

Source: Statistics Canada. (CATSNET, May 2021)

2.2.2. Canada's vegetable[1] exports by commodity – by volume (metric tons)

  2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Carrots 78,925 96,754 93,935 100,824 86,420
Cabbages[2] 68,624 64,622 83,760 71,608 73,215
Onions and shallots 62,220 65,029 66,872 61,485 63,070
Mushrooms 37,559 38,172 46,004 52,177 57,286
Pumpkins, squash and gourds 27,188 26,706 32,584 36,836 44,806
Sweet potatoes 22,860 30,286 36,870 42,236 42,982
Peppers 50,152 41,248 39,695 40,734 40,131
Beans[3] 34,281 39,672 35,200 34,264 34,304
Lettuce[4] 39,670 38,849 37,744 40,306 32,205
Cucumbers and gherkins 41,641 37,214 30,849 38,763 32,201
Sweet corn[3] 19,770 21,476 19,517 17,297 17,583
Cauliflowers and headed broccoli 16,200 19,786 14,625 23,768 15,493
Peas[3] 19,483 12,274 11,530 13,645 11,508
Tomatoes 15,553 14,596 13,703 13,356 8,499
Celery 4,126 4,571 5,506 7,910 4,523
Aubergines (egg-plants) 1,874 1,675 2,028 2,399 2,893
Spinach[3] 2,546 1,768 1,886 1,445 1,465
Brussels sprouts 663 1,850 1,315 1,346 1,428
Asparagus 1,495 1,421 1,648 2,087 1,289
Leeks[5] 738 706 671 701 957
Turnips 1,265 1,643 661 558 362
Garlic 169 226 189 107 147
Other vegetables[3] 82,810 87,655 93,022 91,825 84,262
Total 629,811 648,197 669,813 695,675 657,028

Notes:

1. Includes field vegetables and mushrooms, excludes greenhouse vegetables and potatoes.

2. Includes kohlrabi and kale and similar edible brassicas.

3. Includes frozen.

4. Includes cabbage lettuce (head lettuce).

5. Includes other alliaceous vegetables.

Source: Statistics Canada. (CATSNET, May 2021)

2.2.3. Top 10 vegetable[1],[2] export destinations – by value (CAN$ '000)

Source: Statistics Canada. (CATSNET, May 2021)

  2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2020 %
Share
United States 807,782 816,080 916,816 996,201 1,005,544 95.4%
Netherlands 13,988 18,876 21,305 24,581 24,518 2.3%
Japan 16,939 4,284 4,767 15,976 10,640 1.0%
Israel 717 1,307 2,159 2,696 2,728 0.3%
Norway 0 166 1,633 1,735 2,192 0.2%
France 1,618 1,969 1,480 1,803 1,309 0.1%
China 3,890 1,108 178 1,737 864 0.1%
South Korea 0 2 0 56 659 0.1%
Egypt 406 172 0 0 640 0.1%
Saint Pierre and Miquelon 629 615 608 560 561 0.1%
Others 5,341 4,536 3,579 4,055 3,880 0.4%
Total 851,310 849,114 952,525 1,049,398 1,053,536 100.0%

Notes:

1. Includes field vegetables and mushrooms, excludes greenhouse vegetables and potatoes.

2. Includes frozen.

2.2.4. Top 10 vegetable[1],[2] export destinations – by volume (metric tons)

  2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2020 %
Share
United States 598,624 614,758 630,916 648,287 608,391 92.6%
Netherlands 18,353 25,101 29,619 34,077 34,021 5.2%
Japan 741 642 526 2,306 1,385 0.2%
Israel 1,029 1,870 3,080 3,851 3,925 0.6%
Norway 0 210 2,325 2,485 3,129 0.5%
France 839 890 256 176 280 0.0%
China 5,153 1,077 210 1,187 914 0.1%
South Korea 0 3 0 60 608 0.1%
Egypt 296 159 0 0 576 0.1%
Saint Pierre and Miquelon 445 414 405 389 424 0.1%
Others 4,330 3,073 2,476 2,857 3,376 0.5%
Total 629,811 648,197 669,813 695,675 657,028 100.0%

Notes:

1. Includes field vegetables and mushrooms, excludes greenhouse vegetables and potatoes.

2. Includes frozen.

Source: Statistics Canada. (CATSNET, May 2021)

2.2.5. Destinations of top 5 Canadian vegetable[1] exports – by value (CAN$ '000)

    2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Mushrooms United States 194,274 202,175 255,719 304,147 350,091
Japan 16,380 3,379 4,106 11,958 8,637
France 915 1,316 1,218 1,667 1,038
Netherlands 1,286 1,390 442 816 715
Germany 82 173 64 197 299
Cabbages[2] United States 57,210 48,888 79,029 67,802 67,899
Trinidad and Tobago 82 144 132 186 263
Barbados 29 39 119 60 9
France 10 9 9 6 5
Saint Pierre and Miquelon 1 1 2 1 2
Carrots United States 53,086 64,760 71,930 71,381 66,899
Barbados 41 71 132 61 9
France 4 4 4 3 5
Saint Pierre and Miquelon 0 1 1 1 2
Jamaica 0 0 0 0 2
Lettuce[3] United States 54,765 56,118 60,145 70,849 66,338
Japan 0 0 0 0 70
Saint Pierre and Miquelon 6 2 3 3 18
France 12 10 10 5 4
Trinidad and Tobago 0 0 0 0 3
Onions and shallots United States 53,989 53,745 58,688 55,289 56,918
Netherlands 0 0 0 0 76
Poland 0 0 0 0 45
Dominica Republic 0 0 9 0 19
Saint Pierre and Miquelon 1 1 1 1 6

Notes:

1. Includes field vegetables and mushrooms, excludes greenhouse vegetables and potatoes.

2. Includes kohlrabi and kale and similar edible brassicas.

3. Includes cabbage lettuce (head lettuce).

Source: Statistics Canada. (CATSnet, May 2021)

2.2.6. Destinations of top 5 Canadian vegetable[1] exports – by volume (metric tons)

    2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Carrots United States 78,749 96,575 93,614 100,690 86,378
Barbados 99 168 309 124 22
France 9 9 10 8 12
Saint Pierre and Miquelon 1 1 1 1 5
Jamaica 0 0 0 0 3
Cabbages[2] United States 68,483 64,347 83,506 71,298 72,824
Trinidad and Tobago 113 217 152 246 378
Barbados 21 24 94 60 8
France 7 6 6 4 3
Saint Pierre and Miquelon 0 1 1 1 2
Onions and shallots United States 61,679 64,676 66,650 61,217 62,858
Netherlands 0 0 0 0 105
Poland 0 0 0 0 70
Dominica Republic 0 0 9 0 19
France 2 1 2 6 6
Mushrooms United States 37,169 37,966 45,846 51,804 56,927
Japan 298 52 85 228 271
France 30 51 39 70 40
Netherlands 37 50 18 29 28
Germany 2 7 2 8 12
Pumpkins, squash and gourds United States 27,184 26,698 32,581 36,833 44,801
France 2 3 2 2 3
Saint Pierre and Miquelon 0 0 1 1 2

Notes:

1. Includes field vegetables and mushrooms, excludes greenhouse vegetables and potatoes.

2. Includes kohlrabi and kale and similar edible brassicas.

Source: Statistics Canada. (CATSNET, May 2021)

2.3 Imports

2.3.1. Canada's vegetable[1] imports by commodity – by value (CAN$ ‘000)

  2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Lettuce[2] 510,146 551,042 539,261 581,442 575,026
Cabbages[3] 384,075 374,847 380,289 416,705 407,043
Tomatoes 224,140 234,159 266,115 270,649 265,443
Peppers 201,189 182,789 206,548 232,755 226,911
Onions and shallots 202,016 178,611 193,406 237,092 215,328
Cauliflowers and headed broccoli 149,790 189,110 188,498 200,775 199,549
Spinach[4] 157,799 161,440 161,820 159,576 166,789
Carrots 152,097 139,341 150,872 147,857 149,804
Asparagus 104,213 111,090 110,175 110,174 116,323
Beans[4] 94,222 94,277 101,285 107,997 111,532
Celery 89,861 91,787 85,828 145,122 94,898
Pumpkins, squash and gourds 67,686 74,870 74,239 74,499 89,610
Peas[4] 83,113 85,693 90,375 89,317 88,585
Sweet potatoes 62,736 60,359 66,581 75,091 86,700
Sweet corn[4] 66,406 75,121 68,333 70,552 78,777
Garlic 68,727 62,931 48,607 60,491 73,148
Mushrooms 33,744 37,738 52,357 53,411 52,600
Eggplants (aubergines) 36,757 37,362 35,362 41,238 48,518
Yams[4] 34,714 35,413 31,054 39,841 47,273
Cucumbers and gherkins 37,487 43,157 44,622 41,821 40,675
Brussels sprouts 24,191 28,067 27,331 33,688 35,187
Bamboo shoots and cactus leaves 21,904 26,582 28,102 29,617 29,611
Okra 18,636 21,528 20,468 23,852 27,167
Radishes 16,337 16,077 16,763 19,229 20,585
Parsely 14,931 17,892 18,036 19,561 19,167
Other vegetables[4] 233,464 237,038 272,542 329,159 317,742
Total 3,090,380 3,168,319 3,278,869 3,611,511 3,583,993

Notes:

1. Includes field vegetables and mushrooms, excludes greenhouse vegetables and potatoes.

2. Includes cabbage lettuce (head lettuce).

3. Includes kohlrabi and kale and similar edible brassicas.

4. Includes frozen.

Source: Statistics Canada. (CATSNET, May 2021)

2.3.2. Canada's vegetable[1] imports by commodity – by volume (metric tons)

  2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Lettuce[2] 279,021 278,990 271,831 278,474 256,910
Onions and shallots 196,947 179,212 187,087 206,785 210,739
Cabbages[3] 182,595 169,557 176,504 188,402 178,594
Tomatoes 133,931 137,017 158,823 151,987 121,452
Cauliflowers and headed broccoli 98,517 105,024 110,080 110,565 109,016
Carrots 119,526 112,982 115,073 109,785 107,887
Celery 87,975 86,871 88,271 81,687 92,606
Peppers 88,621 89,891 91,695 98,744 89,978
Sweet potatoes 62,734 66,242 72,402 68,568 76,276
Pumpkins, squash and gourds 54,723 56,589 55,580 57,611 60,011
Sweet corn[4] 56,407 64,505 58,542 59,995 51,684
Spinach[4] 44,193 46,588 46,620 45,936 47,955
Beans[4] 36,270 38,450 40,530 42,531 41,448
Cucumbers and gherkins 29,349 30,934 30,566 28,664 29,107
Eggplants (aubergines) 24,950 25,095 25,253 26,214 27,381
Asparagus 19,224 20,118 24,015 23,418 24,847
Garlic 18,352 18,648 21,391 20,684 24,240
Peas[4] 19,122 19,414 21,643 21,310 22,635
Yams[4] 19,986 20,296 17,128 19,437 20,222
Radishes 14,253 14,922 15,773 17,723 18,211
Bamboo shoots and cactus leaves 10,820 12,701 12,985 13,473 14,155
Brussels sprouts 7,617 9,318 10,466 10,475 11,900
Mushrooms 7,347 8,805 11,450 11,295 11,400
Parsley 8,779 9,716 9,596 10,042 9,166
Okra 6,599 6,776 7,049 7,709 7,535
Other vegetables[4] 131,111 136,325 151,907 183,487 167,813
Total 1,758,970 1,764,985 1,832,263 1,895,002 1,833,168

Notes:

1. Includes field vegetables and mushrooms, excludes greenhouse vegetables and potatoes.

2. Includes cabbage lettuce (head lettuce).

3. Includes kohlrabi and kale and similar edible brassicas.

4. Includes frozen.

Source: Statistics Canada. (CATSNET, May 2021)

2.3.3. Top 10 vegetable[1] import sources – by value (CAN$ ‘000)

  2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2020 %
Share
United States 2,092,887 2,129,752 2,137,598 2,290,462 2,239,894 62.5%
Mexico 631,304 676,156 756,962 854,428 859,781 24.0%
China 107,928 108,497 100,124 121,426 123,785 3.5%
Guatemala 22,792 28,233 38,578 48,821 57,932 1.6%
Peru 48,336 46,502 42,016 41,223 47,353 1.3%
Spain 32,802 27,167 32,208 48,142 42,076 1.2%
Honduras 19,295 19,934 21,072 27,627 31,697 0.9%
Belgium 7,694 7,038 11,366 18,840 19,635 0.5%
Ecuador 4,166 5,581 7,731 15,544 18,685 0.5%
India 8,176 9,739 11,473 15,473 16,702 0.5%
Others 115,000 109,720 119,741 129,524 126,453 3.5%
Total 3,090,380 3,168,319 3,278,869 3,611,511 3,583,993 100.0%

Note:

1. Includes field vegetables and mushrooms, excludes greenhouse vegetables and potatoes.

Source: Statistics Canada. (CATSNET, May 2021)

2.3.4. Top 10 vegetable[1] import sources – by volume (metric tons)

  2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2020 %
Share
United States 1,254,092 1,223,693 1,234,232 1,242,155 1,200,017 65.5%
Mexico 333,156 368,554 406,376 428,017 413,589 22.6%
China 57,534 62,941 67,586 76,602 73,821 4.0%
Spain 10,771 11,670 15,065 21,401 19,583 1.1%
Peru 11,843 11,155 11,701 11,858 13,599 0.7%
Belgium 4,087 3,894 7,549 12,931 12,806 0.7%
Guatemala 5,826 7,480 10,960 12,830 12,445 0.7%
Honduras 8,292 8,857 9,623 12,001 12,152 0.7%
Ecuador 1,939 2,615 3,631 7,366 8,845 0.5%
Costa Rica 7,544 7,639 7,805 7,692 8,128 0.4%
Others 63,886 56,488 57,734 62,149 58,183 3.2%
Total 1,758,970 1,764,985 1,832,263 1,895,002 1,833,168 100.0%

Note:

1. Includes field vegetables and mushrooms, excludes greenhouse vegetables and potatoes.

Source: Statistics Canada. (CATSNET, May 2021)

2.3.5. Sources of top 5 Canadian vegetable[1] imports – by value (CAN$ '000)

    2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Lettuce[2] United States 503,543 538,905 524,049 559,489 552,891
Mexico 5,516 9,702 13,376 19,638 20,262
China 531 614 684 1,128 1,038
Guatemala 11 6 213 323 271
Spain 194 1,126 379 366 157
Cabbages[3] United States 323,162 314,193 314,624 329,379 311,777
Mexico 55,024 55,540 58,571 76,173 84,215
Guatemala 242 59 16 957 4,940
China 3,569 2,551 2,802 3,185 3,078
Spain 905 1,530 3,185 5,206 1,745
Tomatoes Mexico 125,838 133,111 171,119 172,055 160,516
United States 93,418 98,134 93,246 94,447 101,212
Guatemala 209 554 857 2,522 2,869
New Zealand 796 518 450 484 746
Dominican Republic 571 526 255 27 56
Peppers Mexico 92,336 85,148 104,384 119,593 113,021
United States 72,839 71,818 72,077 73,880 78,540
Spain 14,970 7,888 10,356 16,844 12,311
Honduras 8,231 7,331 7,159 10,313 11,551
Dominican Republic 4,008 5,457 4,546 4,094 5,785
Onions and shallots United States 137,552 117,023 122,495 157,970 140,271
Mexico 50,688 49,095 55,506 63,150 57,825
Peru 7,346 6,699 7,060 7,596 9,601
Netherlands 2,268 1,326 2,377 959 1,732
China 1,224 1,138 1,517 1,629 1,618

Notes:

1. Includes field vegetables and mushrooms, excludes greenhouse vegetables and potatoes.

2. Includes cabbage lettuce (head lettuce).

3. Includes kohlrabi and kale and similar edible brassicas.

Source: Statistics Canada. (CATSNET, May 2021)

2.3.6. Sources of top 5 Canadian vegetable[1] imports – by volume (metric tons)

    2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Lettuce[2] United States 275,522 271,701 263,431 267,963 246,767
Mexico 2,980 6,270 7,623 9,493 9,379
China 279 334 393 668 536
Guatemala 4 1 53 70 50
Spain 94 455 136 116 48
Onions and shallots United States 162,046 145,643 148,853 168,513 171,343
Mexico 24,687 23,996 27,041 27,195 26,914
Peru 4,794 4,386 4,555 4,708 5,943
Netherlands 2,201 1,633 2,102 591 1,543
China 794 790 1,031 1,179 1,138
Cabbages[3] United States 137,582 126,373 127,123 131,208 121,340
Mexico 38,038 37,346 42,043 46,277 49,993
Guatemala 84 25 5 167 863
China 4,722 3,945 4,116 5,117 3,944
Spain 465 868 1,928 3,438 1,302
Tomatoes Mexico 68,764 73,769 94,386 92,408 72,420
United States 63,302 62,029 63,644 57,770 47,772
Guatemala 114 259 336 1,045 947
New Zealand 463 288 240 169 252
Dominican Republic 249 253 128 9 38
Cauliflowers and headed broccoli United States 91,700 89,224 96,307 91,896 89,095
Mexico 6,322 14,720 12,987 17,045 18,669
Spain 272 603 496 1,231 809
Guatemala 1 3 0 56 249
China 98 241 159 262 162

Notes:

1. Includes field vegetables and mushrooms, excludes greenhouse vegetables and potatoes.

2. Includes cabbage lettuce (head lettuce).

3. Includes kohlrabi and kale and similar edible brassicas.

Source: Statistics Canada. (CATSNET, May 2021)

3. Availability for consumption

The total amount of fresh vegetables available, including greenhouse vegetables, decreased 5.6% over 2016 values to 67.61 kilograms per person in 2020. The availability of fresh vegetables decreased slightly (-2.7%) compared with 2019, fueled by the decline in field vegetable production (-2.6%) and imports (-3.3%) over the same time period.

3.1. Fresh vegetable available[1] for consumption[2] in Canada (kilograms per person)

  2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Onions and shallots fresh 8.77 8.68 8.44 8.86 9.47
Lettuce fresh[3] 8.65 8.48 8.20 8.29 7.44
Tomatoes fresh[3] 8.15 7.88 8.39 7.87 7.06
Carrots fresh 7.75 7.19 7.27 6.47 6.47
Cabbage fresh 4.31 4.00 4.26 4.50 4.24
Peppers fresh[3] 4.09 4.36 4.33 4.31 3.90
Pumpkins and squash fresh 3.35 3.44 3.20 3.17 3.33
Cucumbers fresh3 3.00 3.18 3.56 3.24 3.19
Cauliflower fresh 2.87 2.88 3.01 2.80 2.87
Celery fresh 3.07 2.80 2.69 2.43 2.77
Corn fresh 3.12 3.01 2.84 2.78 2.60
Broccoli fresh 2.70 2.31 2.45 2.38 2.29
Mushrooms fresh 2.15 2.16 2.13 2.10 1.80
Chinese cabbage fresh[4] 0.96 0.94 1.62 1.69 1.62
Spinach fresh 0.93 0.97 0.94 0.92 0.93
Rutabagas and turnips fresh 1.08 0.98 1.17 0.91 0.92
Beans green and wax fresh 0.91 0.86 0.89 0.92 0.87
Beets fresh 0.91 0.98 0.97 0.95 0.81
Asparagus fresh 0.68 0.68 0.75 0.75 0.74
Kale fresh3 .. .. 0.79 0.77 0.68
Eggplants fresh 0.57 0.58 0.62 0.63 0.63
Garlic fresh 0.44 0.44 0.49 0.47 0.54
Radishes fresh 0.43 0.44 0.35 0.37 0.43
Brussels sprouts fresh 0.29 0.29 0.34 0.33 0.42
Leeks fresh 0.28 0.27 0.27 0.30 0.31
Parsley fresh 0.29 0.32 0.30 0.30 0.27
Peas fresh 0.19 0.31 0.32 0.26 0.25
Okra fresh 0.16 0.16 0.17 0.18 0.17
Rappini fresh 0.18 0.21 0.18 0.18 0.17
Manioc fresh 0.10 0.11 0.12 0.13 0.16
Parsnips fresh 0.20 0.23 0.19 0.16 0.16
Other edible roots fresh 0.12 0.06 0.05 0.06 0.05
Artichokes fresh 0.03 0.03 0.04 0.03 0.04
Olives fresh 0.00 0.01 0.00 0.01 0.01
Kohlrabi fresh 0.91 0.88 .. .. ..
Total 71.64 70.12 71.34 69.52 67.61

Notes:

1. Food available per person is calculated by dividing the domestic disappearance by the Canadian population as of July 1st of the reference year, at the retail level. 

Domestic disappearance represents the total food available for human consumption from the Canadian food supply chain.

Total Supply = Beginning stocks + Production + Imports

Domestic Disappearance = Total supply – Exports – Manufacturing - Waste - Ending stocks

2. Does not adjust for losses (such as waste and/or spoilage in stores, households, private institutions, restaurants) or losses during preparation.

3. "Kale fresh" is included in cabbage.

 .. Data not available for a specific period.

Source: Statistics Canada. Table 32-10-0054-01 Food available in Canada

3.2. Fresh vegetable available[1] for consumption adjusted for losses[2] in Canada (kilograms per person)

td>
  2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Tomatoes fresh[3] 5.90 5.71 6.08 5.70 5.12
Onions and shallots fresh 4.20 4.16 4.05 4.25 4.54
Lettuce fresh[3] 4.62 4.53 4.38 4.43 3.98
Carrots fresh 4.22 3.92 3.96 3.52 3.53
Cabbage fresh 2.42 2.25 2.40 2.53 2.39
Peppers fresh[3] 1.83 1.95 1.94 1.92 1.74
Cucumbers fresh[3] 1.31 1.39 1.55 1.41 1.39
Celery fresh 1.52 1.39 1.34 1.21 1.37
Broccoli fresh 1.35 1.16 1.23 1.19 1.15
Mushrooms fresh 1.36 1.37 1.35 1.33 1.14
Chinese cabbage fresh4 0.54 0.53 0.91 0.95 0.91
Cauliflower fresh 0.84 0.85 0.88 0.82 0.84
Corn fresh 0.75 0.72 0.68 0.67 0.62
Pumpkins and squash fresh 0.60 0.61 0.57 0.56 0.59
Spinach fresh 0.50 0.52 0.50 0.49 0.50
Beans green and wax fresh 0.48 0.45 0.47 0.48 0.45
Beets fresh 0.50 0.54 0.53 0.52 0.44
Brussels sprouts fresh 0.22 0.22 0.25 0.25 0.31
Eggplants fresh 0.27 0.27 0.30 0.30 0.30
Asparagus fresh 0.25 0.25 0.28 0.27 0.27
Garlic fresh 0.21 0.21 0.23 0.22 0.25
Kale fresh3 .. .. 0.22 0.21 0.19
Radishes fresh 0.16 0.16 0.13 0.13 0.16
Leeks fresh 0.13 0.13 0.13 0.14 0.15
Rutabagas and turnips fresh 0.17 0.16 0.19 0.15 0.15
Parsley fresh 0.15 0.16 0.15 0.15 0.14
Peas fresh 0.10 0.16 0.17 0.14 0.13
Manioc fresh 0.07 0.07 0.08 0.09 0.11
Parsnips fresh 0.11 0.13 0.10 0.09 0.09
Rappini fresh 0.10 0.11 0.09 0.10 0.09
Okra fresh 0.07 0.07 0.07 0.07 0.07
Other edible roots fresh 0.09 0.04 0.03 0.05 0.04
Artichokes fresh 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01
Kohlrabi fresh 0.64 0.62 .. .. ..
Total 35.69 34.82 35.25 34.35 33.16

Notes:

1. Food available per person is calculated by dividing the domestic disappearance by the Canadian population as of July 1st of the reference year, at the retail level. 

Domestic disappearance represents the total food available for human consumption from the Canadian food supply chain.

Total Supply = Beginning stocks + Production + Imports

Domestic Disappearance = Total supply – Exports – Manufacturing - Waste - Ending stocks

2. Experimental, use with caution. The data have been adjusted for retail, household, cooking and plate loss.

3. "Kale fresh" is included in cabbage.

Source: Statistics Canada. Table 32-10-0054-01 Food available in Canada

4. World data

Canada accounts for only 0.2% of global vegetable production. China is by far the leading producer of vegetables with 42.1% of world production, followed by India with 14.3% and Nigeria with 7.3%. Globally, tomatoes are the most produced vegetables in terms of volume, followed by dry onions, cucumbers and gherkins, cabbages and other brassicas and eggplants.  

The United States is the largest importer of vegetables in terms of value and volume, while Canada ranks as the fourth largest importer of vegetables in terms of value, and fifth in terms of volume. Worldwide, the top imported vegetable crops in terms of value include tomatoes, peppers, onions and shallots, cucumbers and gherkins and garlic.

Mexico is the largest exporter of vegetables globally in terms of value and volume. Canada ranks sixth in terms of value and twelfth in terms of volume of vegetable exports. Across the world, tomatoes, peppers, onions and shallots, garlic and cucumbers and gherkins rank in the top five in terms of value of exported vegetable crops.

4.1. World production

4.1.1. World fresh vegetable[1] production by commodity – by volume (metric tons)

  2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Tomatoes 176,467,071 176,857,813 177,816,529 179,897,928 180,766,329
Onions, dry 91,342,444 95,082,411 97,324,071 98,070,716 99,968,016
Cucumbers and gherkins 78,344,450 80,095,241 81,890,576 84,832,296 87,805,086
Cabbages and other brassicas 70,312,824 69,888,294 70,527,921 69,260,147 70,150,406
Eggplants (aubergines) 50,757,930 51,513,313 52,809,783 54,101,724 55,197,878
Carrots and turnips 40,265,109 41,395,127 42,464,814 41,904,105 44,762,859
Chillies and peppers, green 33,379,014 34,831,440 36,505,915 37,341,843 38,027,164
Garlic 26,947,557 27,099,050 27,929,665 28,811,344 30,708,243
Spinach 25,572,352 26,634,232 27,770,438 28,951,667 30,107,231
Lettuce and chicory 26,375,002 27,730,748 28,153,614 28,581,526 29,134,653
Beans, green 23,882,124 24,426,006 25,198,877 26,269,262 26,981,784
Cauliflowers and broccoli 24,322,669 25,046,216 25,964,423 26,210,885 26,918,570
Pumpkins, squash and gourds 25,677,755 26,500,173 27,678,883 22,739,602 22,900,826
Peas, green 19,360,732 19,799,220 20,685,440 21,152,870 21,766,060
Mushrooms and truffles 10,668,163 10,459,903 10,894,957 11,277,323 11,898,399
Okra 9,265,213 8,826,654 9,174,357 9,533,328 9,953,537
Asparagus 8,683,800 8,879,916 9,097,963 9,275,581 9,432,062
Maize, green 11,626,411 11,465,098 11,409,076 9,007,151 8,299,885
Onions, shallots, green 4,461,521 4,649,548 4,742,066 4,657,962 4,491,246
Leeks, other alliaceous vegetables 2,117,707 2,143,979 2,192,395 2,147,394 2,192,476
Artichokes 1,454,121 1,418,195 1,668,034 1,625,742 1,594,385
Vegetables, leguminous nes[2] 1,481,390 1,544,066 1,542,725 1,646,295 1,566,331
String beans 1,857,604 1,923,324 1,938,125 1,457,244 1,387,667
Vegetables, fresh nes[2] 292,097,509 298,332,117 301,749,403 304,954,567 311,818,565
Total 1,056,720,472 1,076,542,084 1,097,130,050 1,103,708,502 1,127,829,658

Notes:

1. Includes greenhouse vegetables.

2. Nes: Not elsewhere specified.

Source: FAOSTAT (May 2021)

4.1.2. World fresh vegetable1 production by country – by volume (metric tons)

  2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
China 535,009,927 544,731,604 559,242,514 573,753,309 588,264,053
India 119,983,010 125,895,058 131,623,271 130,110,549 132,026,555
United States 34,474,393 34,137,750 32,083,314 31,737,592 29,999,514
Turkey 23,696,207 24,421,408 24,923,427 24,130,023 25,338,974
Viet Nam 14,598,413 15,221,974 15,754,137 16,310,145 16,966,279
Nigeria 16,187,140 14,495,945 15,068,458 16,058,522 16,670,642
Egypt 16,396,416 15,305,699 15,522,647 15,387,430 15,419,841
Mexico 13,219,509 14,299,146 15,494,630 16,154,509 15,226,085
Russia 16,120,150 13,190,558 13,628,739 13,716,319 14,153,617
Spain 12,513,475 13,136,700 13,146,752 12,633,316 13,259,340
Iran 13,669,831 13,716,700 11,115,357 10,769,523 11,827,191
Indonesia 10,237,085 10,800,118 11,172,548 11,499,330 11,772,048
Japan 10,361,754 10,216,335 10,241,904 10,098,273 10,204,458
South Korea 9,250,321 9,029,139 9,528,412 10,074,174 10,024,761
Uzbekistan 10,129,923 11,238,256 10,108,659 9,131,691 9,984,635
Italy 12,807,840 13,046,726 12,487,354 10,138,270 9,911,660
Ukraine 9,354,914 9,498,843 9,304,866 9,458,565 9,707,260
Brazil 8,777,355 9,043,312 9,103,958 8,981,096 8,854,139
Algeria 5,985,283 6,447,471 6,524,875 6,910,318 7,295,378
Philippines 6,520,185 6,581,725 6,748,167 6,826,774 6,977,857
Bangladesh 5,058,058 5,204,172 5,823,913 5,759,325 6,300,864
Pakistan 4,784,710 4,936,720 5,048,616 5,456,219 5,462,905
Poland 5,070,030 5,896,363 6,001,996 5,503,800 5,402,394
Myanmar 5,095,662 5,021,382 4,952,823 5,016,444 5,097,338
Netherlands 5,091,869 4,973,340 5,431,081 4,680,980 4,844,600
Canada[2] 2,283,861 2,361,558 2,336,901 2,305,505 2,307,120
Total 1,056,720,472 1,076,542,084 1,097,130,050 1,103,708,502 1,127,829,658

Notes:

1. Includes greenhouse vegetables

2. In 2019, Canada ranked 47th globally producer of vegetables.

Source: FAOSTAT (May 2021)

4.1.3. World fresh vegetable[1] production by commodity – by area (hectares)

  2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Onions, dry 4,834,022 5,082,930 5,170,672 5,184,792 5,192,651
Tomatoes 4,823,351 4,850,243 4,876,264 4,924,941 5,030,545
Peas, green 2,485,629 2,562,258 2,640,432 2,713,930 2,781,632
Okra 2,722,432 2,163,945 2,147,134 2,349,356 2,729,811
Cabbages and other brassicas 2,485,056 2,448,893 2,458,206 2,421,774 2,446,294
Cucumbers and gherkins 2,160,161 2,188,543 2,167,124 2,153,254 2,231,402
Chillies and peppers, green 1,889,649 1,946,257 1,991,064 1,991,850 1,990,926
Eggplants (aubergines) 1,789,765 1,775,698 1,844,471 1,843,349 1,847,787
Beans, green 1,562,360 1,590,223 1,601,434 1,632,581 1,649,711
Garlic 1,497,306 1,505,077 1,556,452 1,588,643 1,634,634
Asparagus 1,528,380 1,561,019 1,584,740 1,606,778 1,623,741
Pumpkins, squash and gourds 1,943,944 1,975,536 2,070,832 1,526,112 1,539,023
Cauliflowers and broccoli 1,299,227 1,343,606 1,400,722 1,409,236 1,436,815
Lettuce and chicory 1,223,238 1,260,992 1,283,135 1,298,906 1,316,028
Carrots and turnips 1,169,123 1,160,677 1,161,151 1,100,330 1,128,695
Maize, green 1,117,135 1,169,036 1,174,533 1,101,160 1,016,516
Spinach 895,725 906,168 916,244 922,111 930,791
Vegetables, leguminous nes[2] 238,167 237,948 238,904 245,978 249,857
Onions, shallots, green 215,281 224,324 230,151 227,288 220,246
String beans 194,623 200,169 192,041 158,172 146,438
Leeks, other alliaceous vegetables 127,588 133,106 137,941 138,268 136,103
Artichokes 116,870 122,055 129,078 124,406 122,644
Mushrooms and truffles 28,518 42,893 54,141 79,247 104,342
Vegetables, fresh nes[2] 20,314,135 20,769,298 21,082,174 21,449,124 21,942,719
Total 56,661,685 57,220,894 58,109,040 58,191,586 59,449,351

Notes:

1. Includes greenhouse vegetables.

2. Nes: Not elsewhere specified.

Source: FAOSTAT (May 2021)

4.1.4. World fresh vegetable[1] production by country – by area (hectares)

  2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
China 23,394,278 23,712,970 24,154,205 24,595,132 25,035,991
India 8,248,289 8,573,858 8,820,915 8,419,776 8,483,717
Nigeria 3,934,811 3,559,314 3,655,102 3,894,902 4,350,890
Indonesia 1,012,050 1,068,763 1,153,175 1,147,863 1,102,338
Viet Nam 935,974 954,542 985,270 1,009,363 1,020,612
United States 934,200 992,661 962,168 935,038 849,758
Philippines 742,685 757,231 775,780 787,764 801,861
Cameroon 659,384 715,064 756,023 735,347 764,725
Turkey 688,476 718,405 742,198 727,822 747,417
Mexico 672,735 711,186 702,994 703,734 681,630
Bangladesh 566,771 572,895 616,549 616,749 651,132
Egypt 662,922 626,065 626,210 630,535 636,001
Russia 679,727 552,971 550,015 559,920 575,034
Tanzania 435,566 460,527 484,662 509,128 534,027
Ukraine 453,890 451,619 446,638 440,513 452,736
Pakistan 402,297 405,630 407,346 421,370 411,980
Myanmar 378,260 376,119 379,657 385,100 391,418
Iran 455,841 465,469 364,378 354,935 383,048
Japan 375,487 375,181 374,125 372,946 370,179
Brazil 370,976 375,156 368,570 362,946 363,667
Thailand 355,021 361,904 357,765 356,183 349,816
Italy 467,396 476,762 463,926 323,390 329,740
Sudan 246,068 277,287 262,424 291,742 325,576
Spain 313,455 327,119 330,669 324,749 323,960
Algeria 291,120 295,859 295,738 299,310 304,361
..          
Canada[2] 97,787 98,387 92,477 91,348 89,396
Total 56,661,685 57,220,894 58,109,040 58,191,586 59,449,351

Notes:

1. Includes greenhouse vegetables

2. In 2019, Canada ranked 64th globally producer of vegetables.

Source: FAOSTAT (May 2021)

4.2. World trade

4.2.1. Top importers of fresh vegetables[1],[2] worldwide – by value (CAN$ '000)

  2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
United States 10,847,154 10,507,922 11,073,962 12,157,291 13,682,395
Germany 6,323,700 6,644,541 6,891,988 6,944,456 7,663,895
United Kingdom 4,183,710 4,030,214 4,286,384 4,320,309 4,335,119
Canada 3,279,970 3,278,247 3,310,156 3,582,958 3,567,095
France 3,147,200 3,226,818 3,216,064 3,263,324 3,481,275
Netherlands 2,270,485 2,436,070 2,426,831 2,542,472 2,586,722
Russia 1,528,619 1,846,241 1,858,720 1,998,078 1,640,317
Belgium 1,345,654 1,324,487 1,231,592 1,255,909 1,322,219
Poland 770,854 892,603 972,364 1,141,041 1,188,637
Italy 921,491 1,040,880 1,045,036 1,234,674 1,079,044
Japan 1,211,572 1,089,244 1,181,194 1,053,748 972,608
Spain 762,502 825,542 926,634 945,186 948,354
Hong Kong 597,345 592,635 545,081 673,303 934,201
Indonesia 730,731 856,993 747,838 804,985 903,565
Puerto Rico 155,153 208,791 190,086 184,467 878,741
Total 51,107,557 51,574,899 52,547,337 55,625,684 58,997,701

Notes:

1. Does not include potatoes.

2. Includes greenhouse vegetables.

Source: Global Trade Tracker. (May 2021)

4.2.2. Top importers of fresh vegetables[1],[2] worldwide – by volume (metric tons)

  2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
United States 6,654,417 6,854,776 7,183,619 7,475,785 7,626,458
Germany 3,301,213 3,281,295 3,307,256 3,374,409 3,479,545
United Kingdom 2,373,964 2,188,916 2,272,553 2,310,233 2,179,513
France 1,954,242 1,877,919 1,947,215 1,909,910 1,888,280
Canada 1,719,209 1,699,506 1,752,649 1,782,549 1,724,860
Netherlands 1,259,615 1,319,181 1,407,602 1,503,377 1,404,638
Russian Federation 1,355,039 1,710,313 1,662,228 1,666,663 1,371,473
Belgium 1,191,546 1,202,216 1,103,391 1,121,359 1,165,964
Malaysia 1,138,572 1,190,546 1,189,796 1,102,400 1,079,029
Saudi Arabia 754,325 762,427 771,703 1,011,353 954,770
Hong Kong 827,454 853,928 780,378 804,569 909,812
Poland 551,036 562,521 616,817 830,814 773,459
Pakistan 348,006 192,058 339,182 478,940 745,770
Indonesia 600,181 715,866 716,714 591,427 735,244
Spain 559,069 545,599 655,785 679,604 648,451
Total 35,991,004 36,280,543 37,419,881 38,619,397 38,397,660

Note:

1. Does not include potatoes.

2. Includes greenhouse vegetables.

Source: Global Trade Tracker. (May 2021)

4.2.3. Top selected fresh vegetable[1],[2] imports worldwide – by value (CAN$ '000)

  2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Tomatoes 11,226,696 11,503,589 11,741,525 11,819,616 12,805,766
Peppers 6,961,652 6,823,142 7,103,876 7,519,302 8,172,040
Onions and shallots 3,685,128 3,534,077 3,675,115 4,550,701 4,039,624
Cucumbers and gherkins 3,236,263 3,274,033 3,585,869 3,566,920 3,846,707
Garlic 3,647,881 3,382,512 2,537,785 2,977,920 3,664,181
Cabbages, kohlrabi and kale[3] 2,335,717 2,356,785 2,287,749 2,565,550 2,680,104
Lettuce[4] 3,085,558 3,240,777 3,278,946 3,436,596 3,458,228
Pumpkins, squash and gourds 1,700,189 1,792,256 1,788,854 1,858,941 2,227,422
Asparagus 1,983,522 2,011,021 1,983,953 2,062,052 1,998,643
Cauliflowers and headed broccoli 1,345,426 1,464,897 1,534,237 1,675,884 1,779,220
Mushrooms 2,297,926 2,376,530 2,526,693 2,637,450 2,645,142
Carrots and turnips 1,565,086 1,383,144 1,746,351 1,623,624 1,568,352
Beans 1,301,900 1,302,604 1,420,431 1,338,594 1,438,229
Aubergines "eggplants" 623,587 658,947 643,671 667,864 735,031
Peas 513,988 523,300 564,591 567,262 607,664
Spinach 406,388 436,992 446,456 519,010 587,800
Leeks[5] 551,866 538,997 535,313 519,020 491,268
Celery 350,386 366,010 356,230 523,567 475,796
Brussels sprouts 223,376 249,958 247,560 273,726 304,270
Chicory and witloof chicory 330,764 346,629 350,506 332,529 319,192
Leguminous vegetables, nes 99,066 108,185 115,639 115,395 103,042
Olives 96,652 85,183 87,200 121,879 96,596
Globe artichokes 86,801 100,456 86,778 98,575 88,883
Other vegetables, nes 3,451,739 3,714,874 3,902,012 4,253,705 4,864,504
Total 51,107,557 51,574,899 52,547,337 55,625,684 58,997,701

Notes:

1. Only "fresh or chilled" vegetables were considered in calculations for this table.

2. Includes greenhouse vegetables.

3. Includes similar brassicas but excludes cauliflowers, headed broccoli and brussels sprouts.

4. Includes cabbage lettuce.

5. Includes other alliaceous vegetables.

Nes: Not elsewhere specified.

Source: Global Trade Tracker. (May 2021)

4.2.4. Top selected fresh vegetable[1],[2] imports worldwide – by volume (metric tons)

  2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Tomatoes 6,886,025 6,666,945 6,936,538 7,047,211 6,975,548
Onions and shallots 6,295,042 6,327,341 6,387,063 7,047,294 6,403,883
Peppers 3,224,562 3,320,422 3,538,850 3,570,779 3,642,674
Cucumbers and gherkins 2,559,427 2,623,844 2,729,243 2,795,748 2,817,743
Cabbages, kohlrabi and kale[3] 2,629,229 2,684,086 2,655,237 2,791,211 2,778,730
Carrots and turnips 2,393,724 2,319,922 2,457,283 2,438,249 2,394,042
Garlic 1,648,950 1,718,155 1,818,469 1,720,916 2,029,021
Lettuce4 1,899,496 1,944,928 1,967,388 2,068,229 2,028,181
Pumpkins, squash and gourds 1,448,086 1,422,291 1,515,497 1,568,964 1,620,962
Cauliflowers and headed broccoli 960,320 1,059,602 1,032,669 1,077,707 1,065,357
Mushrooms 667,354 670,846 680,199 702,890 691,039
Beans 613,717 612,943 647,566 602,589 649,045
Aubergines "eggplants" 423,895 421,844 440,074 435,422 446,550
Asparagus 373,350 388,738 431,805 434,045 427,139
Celery 386,476 385,328 361,159 406,443 420,407
Peas 274,808 275,654 277,077 273,218 293,624
Leeks5 325,517 327,025 306,793 297,610 289,540
Spinach 174,388 192,372 195,632 212,608 209,983
Brussels sprouts 172,118 170,718 170,482 171,035 190,654
Chicory and witloof chicory 186,765 187,516 175,880 166,295 148,722
Leguminous vegetables, nes 87,298 94,564 109,895 95,114 70,950
Olives 61,008 49,863 55,236 88,295 64,701
Globe artichokes 45,806 53,412 44,120 52,049 44,964
Other vegetables, nes 2,253,643 2,362,183 2,485,724 2,555,476 2,694,200
Total 35,991,004 36,280,543 37,419,881 38,619,397 38,397,660

Notes:

1. Only "fresh or chilled" vegetables were considered in calculations for this table.

2. Includes greenhouse vegetables.

3. Includes similar brassicas but excludes cauliflowers, headed broccoli and brussels sprouts.

4. Includes cabbage lettuce.

5. Includes other alliaceous vegetables.

Nes: Not elsewhere specified.

Source: Global Trade Tracker. (May 2021)

4.2.5. Top exporters of fresh vegetables[1],[2] worldwide – by value (CAN$ '000)

  2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Mexico 8,017,016 7,744,417 8,308,149 9,341,973 10,392,851
Spain 7,487,737 7,558,015 7,957,116 8,430,365 8,993,622
Netherlands 7,657,782 7,855,803 8,344,392 8,649,723 8,889,278<
China 6,630,770 6,268,402 5,421,175 6,590,802 7,115,788
United States 2,728,023 2,733,831 2,780,397 2,948,787 2,844,746
Canada 1,514,634 1,596,555 1,736,653 1,940,511 2,244,590
Italy 1,880,405 1,888,416 2,031,750 2,030,948 2,048,278
Morocco 1,103,398 1,397,424 1,368,536 1,521,436 1,662,319
France 1,585,353 1,605,201 1,521,924 1,594,886 1,651,663
Belgium 1,211,271 1,225,856 1,100,116 1,185,205 1,273,925
Poland 917,706 938,275 1,062,663 1,125,640 1,080,487
Turkey 592,920 705,389 726,431 821,961 909,114
India 830,803 805,718 784,701 739,083 730,420
Peru 719,781 678,261 672,520 731,463 725,829
Germany 534,976 549,458 602,501 631,338 609,073
Total 51,014,861 51,308,935 52,521,796 56,647,089 58,836,922

Notes:

1. Does not include potatoes.

2. Includes greenhouse vegetables.

Source: Global Trade Tracker. (May 2021)

4.2.6. Top exporters of fresh vegetables[1],[2] worldwide – by volume (metric tons)

  2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Mexico 5,739,863 6,080,552 6,171,728 12,010,119 8,623,319
China 4,833,899 5,542,841 5,680,896 5,854,067 6,340,278
Spain 5,063,451 4,869,972 5,109,846 5,396,939 5,378,457
Netherlands 4,960,616 5,019,362 5,036,973 5,123,686 5,170,111
India 2,292,268 1,893,146 1,966,366 1,734,717 1,773,465
Egypt 697,440 816,496 811,833 1,104,529 1,632,297
United States 1,693,259 1,600,894 1,627,834 1,614,399 1,547,340
Turkey 917,927 1,084,209 1,035,225 1,141,156 1,186,045
Morocco 888,525 879,827 981,222 934,992 1,068,955
France 1,056,885 1,068,454 998,329 1,024,899 1,005,734
Belgium 848,537 951,584 832,883 977,640 976,414
Canada 804,362 827,988 841,278 882,050 879,578
Italy 932,099 829,464 867,298 844,845 829,023
Poland 716,758 737,278 768,334 703,688 685,611
Uzbekistan 211,711 215,953 448,291 573,260 455,210
Total 39,754,724 42,484,401 41,660,712 47,625,666 44,420,578

Notes:

1. Does not include potatoes.

2. Includes greenhouse vegetables.

Source: Global Trade Tracker. (May 2021)

4.2.7. Top selected fresh vegetable[1],[2] exports worldwide – by value (CAN$ '000)

  2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Tomatoes 11,016,743 11,197,459 11,566,072 11,641,228 12,566,002
Peppers 6,245,461 6,251,238 6,575,712 7,097,346 7,699,001
Onions and shallots 4,334,325 4,054,601 4,429,574 5,324,127 4,991,809
Garlic 4,817,586 4,080,794 2,728,587 3,694,530 4,212,103
Cucumbers and gherkins 3,117,269 3,067,202 3,388,628 3,386,635 3,682,720
Lettuce[3] 2,829,348 3,055,010 3,266,484 3,457,252 3,480,151
Mushrooms 2,233,671 2,323,685 2,575,797 2,729,095 2,834,157
Cabbages, kohlrabi and kale[4] 1,809,530 1,857,713 1,983,319 2,284,690 2,165,376
Cauliflowers and headed broccoli 1,645,300 1,759,586 1,845,424 2,389,862 2,127,306
Pumpkins, squash and gourds 1,544,053 1,601,191 1,652,050 1,701,708 2,065,208
Carrots and turnips 1,692,956 1,619,013 1,974,544 1,916,604 1,820,754
Asparagus 1,585,358 1,730,612 1,614,365 1,702,237 1,604,456
Beans 939,564 1,037,440 1,093,033 1,093,631 1,295,948
Spinach 389,601 412,343 447,840 527,367 753,651
Aubergines "eggplants" 588,584 639,298 641,459 649,819 706,882
Peas 401,539 485,921 489,045 474,589 484,173
Celery 310,741 361,083 360,828 454,242 437,280
Leeks[5] 386,222 385,990 389,383 422,332 409,527
Chicory and witloof chicory 368,255 384,376 383,061 401,538 371,789
Brussels sprouts 222,625 230,811 223,649 253,742 290,222
Leguminous vegetables, nes 173,875 164,209 159,392 206,792 200,710
Olives 81,815 95,280 105,884 95,769 93,570
Globe artichokes 69,616 82,610 65,921 77,009 70,153
Other vegetables, nes 4,210,822 4,431,166 4,561,438 4,664,945 4,473,974
Total 51,014,861 51,308,631 52,521,488 56,647,089 58,836,922

Notes:

1. Only "fresh or chilled" vegetables were considered in calculations for this table.

2. Includes greenhouse vegetables.

3. Includes cabbage lettuce.

4. Includes similar brassicas but excludes cauliflowers, headed broccoli and brussels sprouts.

5. Includes other alliaceous vegetables.

Nes: Not elsewhere specified.

Source: Global Trade Tracker. (May 2021)

4.2.8. Top selected fresh vegetable[1],[2] exports worldwide – by volume (metric tons)

  2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Onions and shallots 7,843,316 7,817,420 7,956,262 8,605,176 8,754,188
Tomatoes 7,974,850 7,560,524 7,765,480 7,531,112 7,208,961
Peppers 3,185,744 3,313,109 3,429,313 3,496,830 3,688,561
Lettuce[3] 2,030,362 2,053,938 2,121,201 7,042,025 3,609,887
Cucumbers and gherkins 2,808,105 2,893,258 2,903,768 2,913,856 2,805,654
Carrots and turnips 2,649,002 2,673,798 2,838,639 2,900,796 2,788,628
Garlic 1,966,530 2,170,337 2,307,679 2,222,317 2,784,616
Cabbages, kohlrabi and kale[4] 2,095,467 2,261,907 2,324,831 2,856,605 2,363,259
Pumpkins, squash and gourds 1,442,758 1,446,413 1,579,034 1,628,872 1,741,883
Cauliflowers and headed broccoli 1,272,650 1,351,558 1,364,990 1,533,854 1,622,576
Beans 582,029 553,965 577,527 541,205 950,787
Mushrooms 664,791 673,611 705,393 731,248 745,481
Aubergines "eggplants" 496,400 564,134 589,584 541,650 490,437
Asparagus 361,284 380,764 415,693 420,173 396,375
Celery 329,847 349,340 341,587 352,097 357,906
Leeks5 282,455 317,313 288,381 295,679 295,530
Peas 239,764 479,539 448,965 318,761 278,118
Spinach 145,201 158,348 164,277 205,725 272,785
Chicory and witloof chicory 228,095 216,546 204,000 217,844 192,942
Brussels sprouts 163,016 155,404 153,622 155,298 177,220
Leguminous vegetables, nes 178,346 177,473 163,409 134,584 123,607
Olives 59,819 69,133 78,583 78,386 63,277
Globe artichokes 33,648 42,136 35,049 40,961 33,778
Other vegetables, nes 2,721,245 4,804,303 2,903,316 2,860,612 2,674,123
Total 39,754,724 42,484,272 41,660,584 47,625,666 44,420,578

Notes:

1. Only "fresh or chilled" vegetables were considered in calculations for this table.

2. Includes greenhouse vegetables.

3. Includes cabbage lettuce.

4. Includes similar brassicas but excludes cauliflowers, headed broccoli and brussels sprouts.

5. Includes other alliaceous vegetables.

Nes: Not elsewhere specified.

Source: Global Trade Tracker. (May 2021)

5.  Key resources

  • FAOSTAT
  • Global Trade Tracker
  • Statistics Canada. Table  32-10-0403-01   Farms classified by farm type
  • Statistics Canada. Table  32-10-0365-01   Area, production and farm gate value of vegetables
  • Statistics Canada. Table  32-10-0356-01   Area, production and sales of mushrooms
  • Statistics Canada. Table  32-10-0054-01   Food available in Canada
  • Statistics Canada. CATSNET