Statistical Overview of the Canadian Fruit Industry 2020

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Prepared by:
Horticulture Section
Crops and Horticulture Division
Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada
June 2021

Overview

Despite a relatively short growing season, Canadian farmers produce a wide range of fruits including apples, tender fruits (peaches, nectarines, pears, plums, prunes, and cherries), grapes, blueberries, cranberries, strawberries, and raspberries. Southern Ontario and Southwest British Columbia, which each enjoy about 180 frost-free days every year, produce much of the fruit grown in the country, while Quebec and the Maritimes also have significant fruit production, despite having only about 120 frost-free days per year. Fruits accounted for 20% of total farm cash receiptsFootnote1 for edible horticulture in Canada in 2020.

The fruit industry is highly dependent on labour, particularly on temporary foreign workers. Labour is required throughout the growing season for crop protection, pruning, crop load management, irrigation and other tasks that ensure the long-term health of perennial fruit plants, bushes and trees. The closure of Canada's borders to slow the spread of the COVID-19 pandemic made 2020 a particularly challenging year. According to Statistics Canada, in 2020, Canada was able to bring in 50,126 foreign workers for all agricultural sectors (down 6.5% from 2019), of which 11,916 were brought in for the fruit industry (down 6.7% from 2019).

While fruit cultivated area was stable in 2020 at 129,800 hectares, bearing area dropped by 1.4% to 86,463 hectares and fruit production volumes were down 5.0% from 2019 to 897,946 metric tons. The production volume of almost all fruits decreased with the exception of apples (+ 2.1%) and cranberries (+ 3.4%), which are the first and second most important fruits produced in Canada in terms of volume. Despite a 12.1% decrease in apple production in British Columbia, which is the third largest apple producing province, this decrease was partially offset by a 5.4% increase in production of apples in Ontario and a 6.6% increase in Quebec, respectively the first and second largest apple producing provinces. As for cranberries, the overall increase in production was essentially due to a 50.3% increase in cranberry production in British Columbia, despite a decrease of 9.8% in Quebec. These two provinces produce together over 90% of Canada’s cranberry crop, with Quebec accounting for 64.5% and British Columbia accounting for 29.0% of total production in 2020.

In 2020, Canadian fruit production was hampered by spring frost and inclement summer weather. Fruit farmers in British Columbia reported lower levels of production for raspberries (−19%), sweet cherries (−19%), vinifera grapes (−15%), highbush blueberries (−13%), and apples (−12%). The declines were attributable to a late spring frost, followed by cooler summer temperatures in the Okanagan Valley which affected tree fruits and grapes as well as cool and wet weather conditions in the Fraser Valley, which along with poor pollination and labour shortages, impacted particularly the blueberry crop. Spring frost and summer drought conditions also reduced lowbush blueberry production in the Maritimes, which caused a 20% drop in the country’s production volume in 2020.

Fruit farmers in Ontario, who grow most of Canada's tender fruits, reported lower marketed production of sweet cherries (−17.5%), peaches (−15.5%), sour cherries (−14.7%), plums and prunes (−13.8%), as well as pears (−7.4%), as a result of early frost and hail in the spring followed by dry summer conditions.

With a production volume of 390,995 metric tons, apples continued to lead the fruit sector in terms of tonnage, representing 43.5% of the total production of Canadian fruit in 2020. Cranberries became the second most important fruit crop in terms of production volume (162,243 metric tons, 18.1%), surpassing blueberries (148,444 metric tons, 16.5%), which ranked as the second most important crop in 2019. They were followed by grapes (103,353 metric tons, 11.5%) and strawberries (24,158 metric tons, 2.8%).

Canada’s fruit farm gate value fell by 4.3% to $1.2 billion in 2020, mainly as a result of lower production volume and sales for sweet cherries (−19%), grapes (−13%), and blueberries (−10%). Conversely, cranberry sales rose by 16% to $154.9 million, primarily because of a rebound in sales in British Columbia, where the farm-gate valueFootnote2 had fallen by 40% in 2019. In 2020, British Columbia accounted for the largest share of fruit sales (36%), followed by Quebec (27%), and Ontario (26%).

In 2020, blueberries continued to be the most important fruit crop in terms of value ($274.0 million) and accounted for 23% of total fruit farm gate value, ahead of apples ($256.1 million), grapes ($187.4 million), cranberries ($154.9 million), and strawberries ($127.5 million).

Canada’s fresh and frozen fruitFootnote3 exports rose in value by 4.1% to reach $878 million in 2020, mainly due to an increase of the country’s exports of frozen fruits. Blueberries continue to be Canada’s top fruit export by volume and by value, accounting for 61.2% of export dollars and 48.3% of export tonnage. Lowbush blueberries (or wild blueberries) accounted for 59.4% of total blueberry value and 60.4% of total blueberry tonnage. Frozen blueberries represented 77.3% of total blueberry export dollars and 82.7% of blueberry export tonnage in 2020. The largest share of fresh blueberry exports is made up of highbush blueberries (91.2% in terms of value and 75.1% in terms of tonnage), while the largest share of frozen blueberry exports consists of lowbush blueberries (72.6% in terms of value and 67.8% in terms of tonnage). The United States remains Canada’s top export destination, accounting for 65.1% of all fruit exports by value and 68.1% by tonnage in 2020.

Canadian fresh and frozen fruit imports have continuously increased over the last two decades. Canada imported $6.66 billion of fresh and frozen fruit in 2020, up 4.5% from the previous year. In 2020, the top three fruit imports by dollar value were grapes (10.3%), bananas (8.8%), and strawberries (8.6%). In terms of tonnage, the top three imported fruits were bananas (21.2%), watermelons (8.0%) and grapes (7.3%). Canada’s leading source country for fruit imports continues to be the United States, accounting for 41.6% of import value, followed by Mexico with 16.6%, Chile with 4.6%, and Peru with 4.1%.

1. Production

Blueberries are Canada’s most important fruit crop in terms of farm gate value (almost $274 million in 2020) and acreage (76,968 hectares), and the country’s leading fruit export. After the United States, Canada is the second largest commercial producer of blueberries in the world and the industry has a fully integrated production and processing supply chain using modern production practices and processing technologies. Canada produces and processes two types of blueberries: highbush (cultivated blueberries) and lowbush (wild blueberries). Both types are harvested in late summer through to early autumn. Lowbush blueberries are a native plant to eastern and Atlantic Canada with commercial production limited to the provinces of Quebec (48%), New Brunswick (18%), Nova Scotia (22%), and Prince Edward Island (12%), while British Columbia accounted for 96% of Canada’s highbush blueberry crop in 2020.

Canada’s total blueberry production dropped significantly (−16%) in 2020 as a result of extreme weather events which affected production of both highbush and lowbush blueberries, falling respectively by 13% and 19% in 2020. Production of lowbush blueberries, which peaked in 2016 reaching an all-time high of 133,128 metric tons, has been steadily declining since then to reach 71,290 metric tons in 2020. In contrast, highbush blueberry production keeps increasing, reaching an all-time high of 88,540 metric tons in 2019. The decrease in the volume of lowbush blueberry crop is the result of a combination of factors, including consecutive seasons of extreme weather events (severe spring frost in 2017 in Quebec/Maritimes and a devastating frost in June 2018 in Nova Scotia) and a decline in the harvested area. Meanwhile, the increase in the volume of highbush blueberry crop is mainly due to a steady increase in planted area, particularly in British Columbia where it reached an all-time high of 10,741 hectares in 2019.

Apples continue to be Canada’s top fruit crop in terms of production volume and second most significant crop in terms of value behind blueberries. Apple production has been variable over the last few years with a 5-year average of 392,480 metric tons. The planted area which had been steadily declining over the last decade is showing signs of stabilization with a first significant year-over-year increase of 2%, to reach 17,566 hectares in 2020. The acreage devoted to apple production had been on a downward trend over the last few years primarily due to a shift to other tree fruits (particularly cherries) and  the adoption of high density apple plantings of new apple varieties such as Ambrosia and Honeycrisp that are more in demand by consumers and command a premium in the marketplace.

Canadian apple growers continue to operate in an increasingly competitive environment, with pressures in the marketplace due to world oversupply, retailer consolidation, and increased foreign competition in both domestic and export markets. These pressures have led the major producing provinces to modernize their mix of apple varieties through replant initiatives with the introduction of new apple varieties in order to help improve the profitability of their operations. As a result of these efforts, the three most planted newer apple varieties (Gala, Ambrosia, and Honeycrisp) represent together over a third of the Canadian apple crop destined for the fresh market.

With 12,541 hectares planted and a farm gate value of over $187 million in 2020, grapes are still Canada’s third most significant fruit crop in terms of acreage and value, and the 4th most important fruit in terms of production volume. Canada’s grape and wine production is concentrated primarily in the four provinces of Ontario, British Columbia, Quebec, and Nova Scotia, with the Niagara Peninsula in Southern Ontario and the Okanagan Valley in British Columbia being the two leading grape and wine production areas in Canada. In the early 1990s, the table grape (Vitis Labrusca) accounted for close to 40% of the grape area planted in Canada. In 2020, less than 3% of the total planted area was made up of labrusca grapes (316 hectares), while vinifera and hybrid grapes accounted for 97% of the total grape area and 98% of the total grape production volume.

Ontario, which is the country’s leading grape producing province, accounted for almost 68% of total wine grape production in 2020, followed by British Columbia (27%), Quebec (3.3%), and Nova Scotia (1.8%). Canada’s wine grape production has been increasing over the last decade as a result of the strong demand for high quality Canadian wines sold under the VQA (Vintners’ Quality Assurance) banner, and reached an all-time high of 117,999 metric tons in 2019. Wine grape production fell by almost 15% in 2020, mainly as a result of a lighter grape crop both in Ontario (−16%) and in British Columbia (−15%). Ontario experienced a hot and dry growing season leading to lower yields. The 2020 crop suffered varying impacts during the season’s heat and drought with some varieties faring better than others. While hot and dry conditions can negatively impact yields, they can also lead to very high-quality grapes and wines in key varietals. Similarly, while British Columbia grape growers also experienced lower yields, due to a combination of weather events (early sudden frost, delayed bud break and a cool wet spring and early summer leading to a below average fruit set), the grape quality for the 2020 crop was exceptional.

Canada is the second largest producer of cranberries after the United States. In 2020, cranberries became Canada’s second most important fruit crop in terms of volume of production, behind apples and ahead of blueberries, while they rank fourth in terms of value and planted area. Quebec and British Columbia accounted together for almost 94% of Canada’s cranberry crop in 2020, while New Brunswick is the third largest cranberry producing province and produced 4.5% of Canada’s crop in 2020. Quebec is currently not only Canada’s largest cranberry producing province, accounting for close to 65% of the total Canadian cranberry crop, but it is also the largest producer of organic cranberries in the world.

While the Canadian cranberry area appears to have been relatively stable over the last 5 years, fluctuating between 7,517 hectares in 2016 and 7,476 hectares in 2020, it has actually increased by 22% over the last decade (6,137 hectares in 2011), mostly as result of a 63% increase in Quebec where planted area has risen from 2,873 hectares in 2011 to 4,697 hectares in 2020. Planted acreage in British Columbia stood at 2,145 hectares in 2020 and has been falling since it reached its peak of 2,691 hectares in 2017. Over the last decade, strong demand from consumers for cranberry-based products has encouraged expansion and extensive development of many new farms, particularly in Eastern Canada where availability of reasonably-priced agricultural land is not as much an issue as in British Columbia. This demand has been fueled by a combination of strong marketing campaigns and a growing body of scientific evidence revealing the health benefits associated with cranberry consumption, which have led to growing consumer awareness and interest in the fruit.

1.1. Total fruit area1 by commodity – hectares

  2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Lowbush blueberries 68,785 66,574 65,642 65,159 65,316
Apples 17,676 17,395 17,451 17,230 17,566
Grapes2 12,627 12,476 12,517 12,521 12,541
Highbush blueberries 10,543 11,044 11,037 11,604 11,652
Cranberries 7,517 7,582 7,241 7,382 7,476
Strawberries 4,110 3,939 3,904 3,839 3,737
Peaches 2,664 2,562 2,503 2,465 2,433
Cherries - sweet 2,176 2,097 2,104 2,128 2,095
Raspberries 2,314 2,140 2,093 1,963 1,775
Saskatoon berries 1,122 1,066 976 956 947
Cherries - sour 1,063 1,007 996 926 892
Pears 894 839 843 832 826
Haskaps n/a n/a 557 668 698
Plums and prunes 645 626 616 608 599
Nectarines 336 323 317 309 303
Currants n/a n/a 106 125 133
Apricots 146 133 132 130 127
Blackberries n/a n/a 120 111 102
Other fruits 1,571 1,445 X 580 582
Total fruits 134,202 131,247 129,967 129,535 129,800

Notes:

1. Total area includes bearing and non-bearing area.

2. Includes table grapes and wine grapes.

X. Suppressed to meet the confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act.

n/a  Not available for a specific reference period.

Source: Statistics Canada. Table 32-10-0364-01 Estimates, production and farm gate value of fresh and processed fruits

1.2. Total fruit area by commodity – percent share, 2020

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Source: Statistics Canada. Table 32-10-0364-01 Estimates, production and farm gate value of fresh and processed fruits

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Total fruit area by commodity – percent share

  • Lowbush blueberries 50%
  • Apples 13%
  • Grapes 10%
  • Highbush blueberries 9%
  • Cranberries 6%
  • Others 12%

1.3. Total fruit area1 by province – hectares

  2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Newfoundland and Labrador 348 328 283 239 222
Prince Edward Island 5,818 5,624 5,694 5,601 5,446
Nova Scotia 19,801 18,599 18,208 18,087 18,296
New Brunswick 18,401 16,725 16,284 16,432 16,991
Quebec 42,327 42,914 43,012 42,750 42,707
Ontario 20,494 19,969 19,839 19,468 19,407
Manitoba 277 261 230 211 204
Saskatchewan 785 786 705 641 620
Alberta 872 812 805 779 766
British Columbia 25,078 25,230 24,906 25,327 25,139
Canada 134,202 131,247 129,967 129,535 129,800

Notes:

1. Total fruit area includes bearing and non-bearing area.

Source: Statistics Canada. Table 32-10-0364-01 Estimates, production and farm gate value of fresh and processed fruits

1.4. Total fruit area by province – percent share, 2020

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Source: Statistics Canada. Table 32-10-0364-01 Estimates, production and farm gate value of fresh and processed fruits

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Total fruit area by province – percent share

  • Quebec 33%
  • British Columbia 19%
  • Ontario 15%
  • Nova Scotia 14%
  • New Brunswick 13%
  • Others 6%

1.5. Fruit production volume by commodity – metric tons

  2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Apples 417,989 367,667 402,978 382,771 390,995
Cranberries 180,292 126,714 178,537 156,846 162,243
Grapes1 105,956 121,378 110,713 121,511 103,353
Highbush blueberries 78,062 69,835 73,297 88,540 77,154
Lowbush blueberries 133,128 93,067 81,932 87,950 71,290
Strawberries 26,598 28,455 28,039 27,270 24,158
Peaches 22,074 24,485 23,777 22,862 19,837
Cherries - sweet 18,321 25,633 26,182 22,079 17,994
Pears 8,306 9,934 9,053 9,396 8,526
Raspberries 11,670 9,775 10,338 9,145 7,653
Plums and prunes 3,092 3,974 3,643 4,096 3,553
Cherries - sour 6,775 4,626 3,816 3,669 3,168
Nectarines 4,118 4,286 4,562 3,435 2,918
Apricots 1,173 955 1,067 917 818
Blackberries n/a n/a 956 880 677
Saskatoon berries 545 738 696 620 668
Haskaps n/a n/a 254 395 374
Currants n/a n/a 181 214 170
Other fruits n/a n/a 2,305 2,516 2,396
Total 1,018,099 891,522 962,325 945,112 897,946

Notes:

1.  Includes table grapes and wine grapes.

n/a  Not available for a specific reference period.

Source: Statistics Canada. Table 32-10-0364-01 Estimates, production and farm gate value of fresh and processed fruits

1.6. Fruit production volume by commodity – percent share, 2020

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Source: Statistics Canada. Table 32-10-0364-01 Estimates, production and farm gate value of fresh and processed fruits

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Fruit farm gate value by province – percent share

  • Apples 44%
  • Cranberries 18%
  • Grapes 11%
  • Highbush blueberries 9%
  • Lowbush blueberries 8%
  • Others 10%

1.7. Total fruit production volume – 10-year trend

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Source: Statistics Canada. Table 32-10-0364-01 Estimates, production and farm gate value of fresh and processed fruits

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Total fruit marketed volume – 10-year trend (metric tonnes)
  2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Total fruits (metric tonnes) 794,574 719,455 862,259 915,262 850,816 1,018,098 891,522 962,325 945,112 897,946

1.8. Fruit production volume by province – metric tons

  2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Newfoundland and Labrador 736 606 391 313 472
Prince Edward Island 13,217 11,598 9,535 10,143 9,518
Nova Scotia 68,579 64,938 43,045 51,252 53,140
New Brunswick 49,956 35,750 36,482 40,567 26,555
Quebec 310,500 234,943 282,437 268,489 266,757
Ontario 273,934 253,516 280,161 271,731 259,863
Manitoba 533 590 434 468 345
Saskatchewan 531 528 525 549 566
Alberta 466 752 714 723 701
British Columbia 299,644 288,300 308,601 300,878 280,029
Canada 1,018,099 891,522 962,325 945,112 897,946

Source: Statistics Canada. Table 32-10-0364-01 Estimates, production and farm gate value of fresh and processed fruits

1.9. Fruit production volume by province – percent share, 2020

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Source: Statistics Canada. Table 32-10-0364-01 Estimates, production and farm gate value of fresh and processed fruits

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Fruit production volume by province – percent share

  • British Columbia 31%
  • Quebec 30%
  • Ontario 29%
  • Nova Scotia 6%
  • New Brunswick 3%
  • Others 1%

1.10. Fruit farm gate value1 by commodity – thousands of Canadian dollars

  2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Apples 233,147 228,955 249,280 245,740 259,091
Grapes2 161,917 192,089 186,805 215,619 187,410
Highbush blueberries 163,319 155,913 177,149 182,130 161,816
Cranberries 157,933 114,858 142,960 133,409 154,891
Strawberries 108,534 123,970 123,273 130,436 127,450
Lowbush blueberries 91,194 58,714 82,719 122,305 112,177
Cherries - sweet 60,330 88,173 100,948 89,098 72,210
Peaches 32,802 40,583 36,680 42,726 38,120
Raspberries 37,952 34,942 35,452 32,128 28,596
Pears 9,081 9,536 9,638 10,714 10,298
Plums and prunes 5,374 8,055 7,248 8,940 8,285
Nectarines 7,646 8,510 9,594 7,322 6,871
Cherries - sour 4,575 4,527 3,583 4,282 3,880
Blackberries n/a n/a 4,855 4,609 3,737
Saskatoon berries 1,981 2,368 2,414 2,293 2,545
Haskaps n/a n/a 1,316 2,321 2,364
Apricots 2,217 1,800 2,047 1,745 1,668
Currants n/a n/a 682 874 704
Other fruits 11,911 8,349 4,400 3,890 5,136
Total 1,089,913 1,081,341 1,181,043 1,240,582 1,187,249

Notes:

1. Farm-gate value is the value received by producers at the point of first transaction, when ownership first changes hands. This value excludes any separately billed costs such as delivery, storage, marketing and administration.

2. Includes table grapes and wine grapes.

n/a  Not available for a specific reference period.

Source: Statistics Canada. Table 32-10-0364-01 Estimates, production and farm gate value of fresh and processed fruits

1.11. Fruit farm gate value by commodity – percent share, 2020

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Source: Statistics Canada. Table 32-10-0364-01 Estimates, production and farm gate value of fresh and processed fruits

Description of above image

Fruit farm gate value by commodity – percent share

  • Apples 22%
  • Grapes 16%
  • Highbush blueberries 13%
  • Cranberries 13%
  • Strawberries 11%
  • Others 25%

1.12. Fruit farm gate value1 by province – thousands of Canadian dollars

  2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Newfoundland and Labrador 1,377 920 943 930 1,232
Prince Edward Island 10,312 6,754 10,103 12,705 15,162
Nova Scotia 63,699 61,802 50,016 60,378 67,259
New Brunswick 36,989 24,625 38,741 48,360 37,932
Quebec 277,450 235,573 275,514 312,736 326,452
Ontario 285,769 311,002 314,068 326,454 307,609
Manitoba 2,296 2,794 2,135 2,211 1,687
Saskatchewan 2,274 2,518 2,545 2,707 2,703
Alberta 2,783 3,425 3,364 3,355 3,110
British Columbia 406,964 431,928 483,612 470,747 424,104
Canada 1,089,913 1,081,341 1,181,043 1,240,582 1,187,249

Notes:

1. Farm-gate value is the value received by producers at the point of first transaction, when ownership first changes hands. This value excludes any separately billed costs such as delivery, storage, marketing and administration.

Source: Statistics Canada. Table 32-10-0364-01 Estimates, production and farm gate value of fresh and processed fruits

1.13. Fruit farm gate value by province – percent share, 2020

Description of this image follows.

Source: Statistics Canada. Table 32-10-0364-01 Estimates, production and farm gate value of fresh and processed fruits

Description of above image

Fruit farm gate value by province – percent share

  • British Columbia 36%
  • Quebec 27%
  • Ontario 26%
  • Nova Scotia 6%
  • New Brunswick 3%
  • Others 2%

2. Trade

Given Canada’s northern latitude and short growing season, the country is highly dependent on imports to satisfy the growing domestic demand for fruits throughout the year. As a result, Canada’s fruit trade deficit has been steadily growing, reaching an all-time high of almost $5.8 billion in 2020.

Canada’s fruit exports (fresh and frozen) have grown by 21% over the last 5 years to reach an all-time high of over $877 million in 2020, while the country’s fruit imports (fresh and frozen) have increased by 12% during the same time to reach their highest level of $6.7 billion in 2020.

Blueberries accounted for 61% of the fruit export value in 2020, followed by sweet cherries (8.2%), cranberries (6.6%), and apples (4.8%). As Canadian blueberry production has been increasing over the last decade, the industry has been actively pursuing export development activities by increasing exports to existing markets as well as exploring new export markets. While the United States is Canada’s top export destination, absorbing 65% of all Canadian blueberry exports in 2020, the highbush blueberry sector is more heavily dependent on this single market (95% of exports) than the lowbush blueberry sector (44% of exports). This is partially due to the mix of exports, which for lowbush blueberries is almost entirely (93%) composed of frozen product that can easily be shipped to distant overseas markets, whereas for highbush blueberries,  fresh fruit (which have a limited shelf life) represented 33% of exports in 2020, and frozen fruit for the other 67%.

With the recent expansion in acreage and production volume, sweet cherries have now become Canada’s second most significant tree fruit behind apples and second top exported fruit crop behind blueberries. Sweet cherry exports reached a peak value of close to $91 million in 2018 when Canadian sweet cherry production hit an all-time high of 25,271 metric tons, before dropping down to $68 million in 2019 and $72 million in 2020, after two back to back years of lower production.

British Columbia, which accounts for 96% of the country’s sweet cherry production and almost all of its sweet cherry exports, has seen a significant growth in the sector, particularly in the last ten years with marketed production more than doubling from 9,408 metric tons in 2010 to 21,235 metric tons in 2019. British Columbia sweet cherry production fell by 21% in 2020 due to a late spring frost followed by cooler summer temperatures in the Okanagan Valley.

While British Columbia (and by extension Canada) is a relatively small producer on a global scale, accounting for only 1% of the world sweet cherry production, the British Columbia cherry industry has the potential to grow even further thanks in part to the premium new cherry varieties bred specifically for British Columbia growing conditions.

2.1. Canadian fruit trade balance – by value (thousands of Canadian dollars)

Canadian fruit trade balance – value
Exports 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Fresh and frozen1 726,313 694,138 819,948 843,295 877,527
Processed 874,408 920,267 951,275 1,000,303 1,046,824
Total 1,600,721 1,614,405 1,771,223 1,843,598 1,924,351
Imports
Fresh and frozen1 5,964,167 6,056,912 6,201,850 6,368,860 6,655,763
Processed 4,428,491 4,532,348 4,732,415 4,786,487 4,856,579
Total 10,392,658 10,589,260 10,934,265 11,155,347 11,512,342
Trade Balance (Export − Imports)
Fresh and frozen1 −5,237,855 −5,362,774 −5,381,902 −5,525,565 −5,778,236
Processed −3,554,083 −3,612,081 −3,781,140 −3,786,184 −3,809,755
Total −8,791,937 −8,974,855 −9,163,042 −9,311,749 −9,587,991

Note:

1. May include dried fruits.

Source: Statistics Canada. (CATSnet, March 2021)

2.2 Canadian fruit imports, 2016 – 2020

Description of this image follows.

1. May include dried fruits.
Source: Statistics Canada. (CATSnet, March 2021)

Description of above image
Canadian fruit imports, thousands of Canadian dollars
Imports 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Fresh and frozen1 5,964,167 6,056,912 6,201,850 6,368,860 6,655,763
Processed 4,428,491 4,532,348 4,732,415 4,786,487 4,856,579

1. May include dried fruits.

Source: Statistics Canada. (CATSnet, March 2021)

2.3. Canadian fruit exports, 2016 – 2020

Description of this image follows.

1. May include dried fruits.
Source: Statistics Canada. (CATSnet, March 2021)

Description of above image
Fresh Canadian fruit exports, thousands of Canadian dollars
Exports 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Fresh and frozen1 726,313 694,138 819,948 843,295 877,527
Processed 874,408 920,267 951,275 1,000,303 1,046,824

1. May include dried fruits.

Source: Statistics Canada. (CATSnet, March 2021)

2.4. Exports

2.4.1. Fruit1 export value by commodity – thousands of Canadian dollars

  2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Lowbush blueberries2 223,292 189,069 238,821 294,821 312,786
Highbush blueberries2 199,106 220,303 236,021 257,944 224,691
Cherries, sweet 77,574 71,510 90,594 67,608 72,213
Cranberries 88,469 59,516 82,586 47,682 57,844
Apples3 51,234 51,696 45,222 41,088 42,318
Raspberries2,4 12,899 10,561 9,216 9,068 12,881
Strawberries2 2,789 5,994 10,169 11,451 11,523
Hazelnuts or filberts 42 114 417 183 2,065
Watermelons 440 370 172 608 317
Grapes3 1,147 1,894 882 1,339 177
Others 69,321 83,112 105,849 111,504 140,710
Total 726,313 694,138 819,948 843,295 877,527

Notes:

1. Fresh fruit unless otherwise specified.

2. Includes frozen.

3. Includes dried.

4. Includes mulberries.

Source: Statistics Canada. (CATSnet, March 2021)

2.4.2. Canada’s top 10 fruit export destinations – by value (thousands of Canadian dollars)

  2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
United States 508,377 460,548 526,183 546,084 571,341
China 29,490 37,113 55,795 53,583 44,721
Japan 37,941 35,435 39,719 41,665 47,055
Germany 30,139 33,673 39,212 48,112 48,311
Netherlands 7,517 13,346 19,360 20,854 25,889
Poland 4,856 11,415 21,237 20,563 19,945
Belgium 11,623 13,046 14,877 13,030 14,157
France 9,295 9,643 8,063 13,887 15,492
Australia 11,592 12,742 9,377 9,391 13,037
Viet Nam 10,166 7,504 14,048 9,053 10,659
Others 65,317 59,674 72,078 67,073 66,921
Total 726,313 694,138 819,948 843,295 877,527
Source: Statistics Canada. (CATSnet, March 2021)

2.4.3. Relative importance of Canada’s top 5 fruit export destinations – percent share of total export value

Description of this image follows.

Source: Statistics Canada. (CATSnet, March 2021)

Description of above image

Value of Canada’s top 5 fresh fruit export destinations – percent share

  • United States 65%
  • China 5%
  • Japan 5%
  • Germany 6%
  • Netherlands 3%
  • Others 16%

2.4.4. Export destinations for Canada's top 5 fruit exports – by value (thousands of Canadian dollars)

  2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Blueberries United States 290,094 271,264 307,510 371,308 351,013
Germany 28,557 29,102 34,346 43,038 42,777
Japan 34,505 31,869 35,923 36,838 31,671
Netherlands 4,792 7,042 10,961 12,941 20,359
Poland 3,881 8,579 15,469 12,265 16,162
Cherries, sweet United States 38,527 32,633 39,477 30,143 38,936
China 13,729 13,040 26,559 24,670 16,580
Thailand 3,604 1,060 1,189 1,019 3,003
Viet Nam 4,664 2,860 3,584 978 2,989
Japan 27 25 20 201 1,656
Cranberries United States 86,799 56,857 81,234 45,236 56,720
Belgium 48 69 125 407 268
Netherlands 289 696 283 180 266
China 539 292 157 285 224
United Kingdom 176 74 215 107 203
Apples United States 40,568 43,659 31,947 29,656 28,688
Viet Nam 5,179 3,800 9,278 6,429 6,887
India 192 0 0 0 759
United Arab Emirates 76 153 247 459 689
Hong Kong 130 459 354 509 358
Raspberries United States 11,370 9,522 8,739 8,313 12,054
Japan 593 241 376 276 386
China 448 558 0 421 252
Australia 239 64 0 2 180
Source: Statistics Canada. (CATSnet, March 2021)

2.4.5. Fruit1 export volume by commodity – metric tons

  2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Lowbush blueberries2 78,247 76,961 89,684 103,263 94,248
Highbush blueberries2 53,591 53,432 53,526 67,035 61,708
Cranberries 63,471 50,423 73,553 39,358 53,965
Apples3 36,826 35,230 27,480 36,745 35,703
Cherries, sweet 9,403 10,045 10,852 8,207 6,814
Raspberries2,4 3,645 3,045 2,968 3,663 4,556
Strawberries2 607 1,207 1,857 2,006 1,622
Watermelons 1,094 1,021 344 1,373 753
Brazil nuts 16 2 293 426 232
Grapes3 1,380 3,432 1,577 2,650 214
Others 168,067 175,590 197,128 224,204 218,890
Total 284,510 279,995 316,051 318,633 322,750

Notes:

1. Fresh fruit unless otherwise specified.

2. Includes frozen.

3. Includes dried.

4. Includes mulberries.

Source: Statistics Canada. (CATSnet, March 2021)

2.4.6. Canada’s top 10 fruit export destinations – by volume (metric tons)

  2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
United States 216,476 192,355 217,812 209,438 219,920
Germany 10,174 16,026 16,499 18,149 15,651
Japan 9,336 10,584 11,495 11,272 11,482
China 5,829 8,651 11,544 13,052 11,649
Netherlands 3,138 6,041 8,911 8,528 9,365
Poland 2,001 6,142 9,066 8,932 7,899
Viet Nam 4,319 2,591 5,536 8,632 9,029
Belgium 3,629 5,196 5,145 4,301 4,532
Cuba 2,828 5,269 2,481 8,117 1,055
France 2,935 3,645 2,769 4,950 4,746
Others 23,843 23,493 24,792 23,261 27,424
Total 284,510 279,995 316,051 318,633 322,750
Source: Statistics Canada. (CATSnet, March 2021)

2.4.7. Export destinations for Canada's top 5 fruit exports – by volume (metric tons)

  2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Blueberries United States 93,653 77,687 82,878 109,659 99,282
Germany 9,244 13,263 14,370 15,938 13,485
Japan 8,425 9,682 10,618 10,149 8,052
Netherlands 1,432 3,473 4,250 4,524 6,817
Poland 1,177 3,776 5,832 4,386 5,584
Cherries, sweet United States 5,134 4,919 4,947 3,657 3,661
China 1,270 1,586 3,004 3,091 1,528
Thailand 397 115 137 122 276
Viet Nam 419 319 345 96 271
Japan 4 2 2 18 163
Cranberries United States 62,805 48,849 73,058 38,160 53,528
China 225 202 103 174 121
United Kingdom 49 27 52 31 78
Netherlands 87 266 87 57 75
Belgium 24 33 32 123 73
Apples United States 24,613 26,412 18,450 20,234 18,342
Viet Nam 3,807 2,030 4,924 8,176 8,522
United Arab Emirates 24 500 159 252 2,038
India 123 0 0 0 1,546
Hong Kong 316 406 326 410 133
Raspberries United States 3,204 2,791 2,855 3,423 4,319
Japan 165 57 89 65 91
China 142 116 0 154 78
Australia 45 22 0 0 65
Source: Statistics Canada. (CATSnet, March 2021)

2.5. Imports

2.5.1. Fruit1 import value by commodity – thousands of Canadian dollars

  2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Grapes2,3 652,554 625,982 628,129 662,755 685,568
Bananas4 541,834 548,088 548,865 567,253 585,376
Strawberries5 506,169 519,823 512,752 516,858 569,906
Raspberries5,6 372,827 397,959 423,291 350,470 379,782
Highbush blueberries5 252,163 254,353 302,033 349,266 364,958
Mandarins, tangerines and clementines 273,878 271,361 276,708 285,208 316,937
Avocados 230,820 290,565 289,204 315,481 314,428
Oranges 240,646 253,369 276,977 235,768 268,055
Almonds 266,984 245,849 263,162 271,031 262,150
Apples 343,873 290,369 274,013 283,049 253,547
Others 2,282,419 2,359,194 2,406,715 2,531,723 2,655,054
Total 5,964,167 6,056,912 6,201,850 6,368,860 6,655,763

Notes:

1. Fresh fruit unless otherwise specified.

2. Includes table grapes and wine grapes.

3. Includes dried.

4. Includes plantains.

5. Includes frozen.

6. Includes loganberries.

Source: Statistics Canada. (CATSnet, March 2021)

2.5.2. Top 10 sources of Canada’s fruit imports – by value (thousands of Canadian dollars)

  2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
United States 2,689,103 2,619,606 2,584,074 2,567,435 2,771,177
Mexico 787,957 940,055 950,713 1,064,281 1,102,445
Chile 407,884 347,339 378,556 355,036 305,923
Peru 132,084 149,612 175,880 237,314 278,982
Guatemala 266,912 311,355 300,654 292,408 272,549
Costa Rica 240,358 238,747 246,961 255,499 261,971
South Africa 130,036 158,228 189,899 203,637 230,578
Turkey 194,046 148,136 154,008 145,182 154,225
Morocco 125,082 136,251 124,065 124,737 139,306
Viet Nam 121,185 137,289 150,372 128,368 122,352
Others 869,522 870,291 946,668 994,965 1,016,254
Total 5,964,167 6,056,912 6,201,850 6,368,860 6,655,763
Source: Statistics Canada. (CATSnet, March 2021)

2.5.3. Top 5 sources of Canada’s fruit imports – percent share by value, 2020

Description of this image follows.

Source: Statistics Canada. (CATSnet, March 2021)

Description of above image

Value of top 5 sources of Canada’s fresh fruit imports – percent share

  • United States 42%
  • Mexico 16%
  • Chili 5%
  • Peru 4%
  • Guatemale 4%
  • Others 29%

2.5.4. Sources of Canada's top 5 fruit imports – by value (thousands Canadian dollars)

  2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Grapes United States 323,741 307,481 278,378 281,671 293,378
Chile 151,135 130,733 143,312 119,245 108,106
South Africa 33,775 44,250 61,017 80,348 83,853
Peru 49,135 38,426 43,635 65,546 78,513
Mexico 62,596 70,719 61,731 66,758 73,331
Bananas Guatemala 206,911 255,132 240,418 234,435 220,847
Costa Rica 102,630 104,666 109,028 118,776 131,660
Ecuador 107,556 65,075 68,275 85,307 94,059
Colombia 56,462 55,540 61,512 56,445 67,575
Honduras 36,063 28,259 32,503 33,272 34,279
Strawberries United States 398,046 394,650 397,256 366,846 405,630
Mexico 78,291 98,527 85,976 104,170 103,279
Chile 6,883 10,948 9,114 17,737 23,747
Peru 7,755 5,263 5,295 8,169 12,920
Turkey 4,634 3,016 6,535 8,818 6,806
Blueberries United States 156,260 134,218 137,696 174,683 186,398
Peru 17,130 32,232 54,634 80,126 83,450
Mexico 11,250 22,771 26,841 36,271 49,136
Chile 82,626 63,306 72,901 68,356 47,476
Argentina 15,280 10,986 8,812 11,750 9,607
Raspberries and loganberries Mexico 188,009 225,419 241,858 188,098 208,672
United States 146,858 143,138 147,508 130,393 128,980
Chile 21,476 18,073 20,569 18,425 18,848
China 2,755 1,946 907 731 1,146
Germany 0 0 0 588 260
Source: Statistics Canada. (CATSnet, March 2021)

2.5.5. Fruit1 import volume by commodity – metric tons

  2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Bananas2 587,979 598,147 598,692 603,208 617,038
Watermelons 232,474 223,970 227,885 228,194 232,704
Grapes3,4 197,341 204,316 209,697 210,304 212,230
Apples 238,847 217,323 219,227 204,652 198,303
Oranges 206,587 182,823 190,740 185,860 195,928
Mandarins, tangerines and clementines 145,821 149,180 144,665 143,293 161,315
Strawberries5 129,619 135,225 145,201 127,216 134,294
Pineapples 118,542 127,625 126,534 119,825 113,023
Lemons and limes 101,882 96,115 99,943 101,811 107,033
Avocados 77,872 79,871 94,206 94,956 106,520
Others 770,091 781,903 810,030 840,419 830,626
Total 2,807,055 2,796,498 2,866,820 2,859,739 2,909,014

Notes:

1. Fresh fruit unless otherwise specified.

2. Includes plantains.

3. Includes dried.

4. Includes table grapes and wine grapes.

5. Includes frozen.

Source: Statistics Canada. (CATSnet, March 2021)

2.5.6. Top 10 sources of Canada’s fruit imports – by volume (metric tons)

  2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
United States 1,104,851 1,016,922 1,013,402 990,507 1,009,942
Mexico 328,941 346,870 357,741 386,091 393,061
Guatemala 280,399 332,330 316,432 296,716 276,578
Costa Rica 249,817 258,902 272,986 267,032 274,009
South Africa 70,935 80,008 93,554 89,086 112,750
Ecuador 111,379 67,493 68,703 87,560 93,958
Chile 111,551 109,135 117,449 106,508 90,211
Peru 46,766 52,676 58,596 68,391 87,928
Morocco 60,374 75,931 68,242 68,213 73,216
Honduras 72,814 71,937 77,378 82,530 72,839
Others 369,225 384,294 422,337 417,106 424,522
Total 2,807,055 2,796,498 2,866,820 2,859,739 2,909,014
Source: Statistics Canada. (CATSnet, March 2021)

2.5.7. Sources of Canada's Top 5 Fruit Imports – by volume (metric tons)

  2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Bananas Guatemala 221,906 274,923 257,468 246,469 228,303
Costa Rica 122,478 128,011 134,224 142,035 155,988
Ecuador 105,633 62,190 62,754 82,550 88,786
Colombia 63,546 62,526 69,269 56,301 67,538
Honduras 44,745 36,619 42,493 40,462 42,254
Watermelons United States 156,639 149,466 146,219 138,739 157,186
Mexico 61,253 61,463 64,220 75,283 60,127
Guatemala 9,627 7,864 10,851 5,189 9,266
Honduras 4,216 3,845 5,445 7,285 3,749
Brazil 284 517 67 714 1,512
Grapes United States 107,937 105,880 105,954 101,874 98,101
Chile 37,321 39,485 43,662 33,874 30,293
Mexico 18,296 22,772 17,745 24,665 24,599
South Africa 10,688 12,699 15,770 18,032 23,195
Peru 11,080 9,079 11,328 16,384 20,363
Apples United States 183,806 171,004 175,025 158,668 166,716
Chile 27,453 24,337 24,636 22,942 12,752
New Zealand 8,328 7,541 8,922 7,831 8,631
Italy 2,579 4,280 3,561 8,930 3,064
China 4,564 3,288 3,230 2,199 2,444
Oranges United States 153,300 114,196 102,058 96,452 109,028
South Africa 32,285 32,050 35,623 29,137 37,117
Spain 6,450 16,075 28,646 35,210 24,064
Morocco 601 6,329 9,587 11,973 9,272
Australia 4,823 4,905 5,298 3,692 4,564
Source: Statistics Canada. (CATSnet, March 2021)

3. Consumption

The total amount of fresh fruit available, including citrus, rose 2.9% from a decade earlier to 76.99 kilograms per person in 2020, led by fresh fruit production (+28.6%) and imports (+13.7%). The availability of fresh fruits was relatively stable (+0.5%) compared with 2019, while fresh fruit production declined 5.6% and imports rose 1.8%.

3.1. Fresh fruits available1 for consumption2 in Canada – kg per person

  2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Bananas 15.78 15.83 15.58 15.45 15.57
Apples 10.66 10.95 10.49 9.76 9.93
Melons total3 10.91 10.46 10.55 10.00 9.64
Oranges4 9.46 8.81 8.78 8.49 9.12
Grapes 4.31 4.39 4.54 4.49 4.46
Strawberries 3.25 3.43 3.45 2.92 2.89
Pineapples 3.11 3.31 3.23 3.02 2.82
Cranberries 3.15 2.04 2.77 3.08 2.79
Avocados 2.02 2.05 2.38 2.37 2.63
Lemons 1.72 1.81 1.85 1.86 1.92
Dates 1.54 1.77 1.72 1.78 1.89
Guavas and mangoes 1.45 1.62 1.67 1.74 1.88
Pears 1.94 1.81 1.83 1.83 1.66
Blueberries 1.01 1.09 1.19 1.45 1.38
Other fresh berries 0.98 1.00 1.10 1.14 1.17
Peaches 1.15 0.99 1.08 1.11 1.05
Grapefruits 1.01 0.99 0.94 0.87 0.98
Cherries 0.76 1.13 0.97 0.97 0.84
Limes 0.98 0.71 0.73 0.73 0.78
Fruits not specified 0.53 0.60 0.59 0.62 0.73
Kiwis 0.58 0.51 0.43 0.45 0.52
Nectarines 0.66 0.57 0.56 0.51 0.49
Plums total 0.61 0.55 0.51 0.51 0.47
Figs 0.38 0.42 0.45 0.38 0.46
Papayas 0.42 0.45 0.42 0.44 0.45
Coconuts 0.32 0.40 0.41 0.38 0.34
Apricots 0.13 0.10 0.09 0.11 0.09
Other citrus 0.03 0.04 0.04 0.07 0.03
Quinces 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.01 0.01
Total 78.85 77.83 78.35 76.54 76.99

Notes:

1. Food available per person is calculated by dividing the domestic disappearance by the Canadian population as of July 1st of the reference year, at the retail level.

Domestic disappearance represents the total food available for human consumption from the Canadian food supply chain.

Total Supply = Beginning stocks + Production + Imports

Domestic Disappearance = Total supply − Exports − Manufacturing − Waste − Ending stocks

2. Does not adjust for losses, such as waste and/or spoilage in stores, households, private institutions or restaurants or losses during preparation.

3. Melons total include melons, musk and cantaloupe, other fresh melons, watermelons and winter melons.

4. Oranges include mandarins, clementines, tangerines, satsumas, wilkings and similar citrus fruits.

Source: Statistics Canada. Table 32-10-0054-01 Food available in Canada

3.2. Fresh fruits available1 for consumption2 in Canada – kg per person

  2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Bananas 7.75 7.78 7.65 7.59 7.64
Apples 6.20 6.37 6.10 5.68 5.78
Oranges3 3.77 3.51 3.49 3.38 3.63
Melons total4 3.18 3.06 3.09 2.96 2.88
Grapes 2.53 2.58 2.67 2.64 2.62
Cranberries 1.99 1.29 1.75 1.95 1.76
Strawberries 1.70 1.80 1.81 1.53 1.52
Dates 0.98 1.12 1.09 1.13 1.20
Blueberries 0.81 0.87 0.95 1.15 1.10
Avocados 0.82 0.84 0.97 0.97 1.07
Pears 1.19 1.11 1.13 1.12 1.02
Guavas and mangoes 0.69 0.77 0.79 0.82 0.89
Other citrus 0.67 0.68 0.75 0.78 0.80
Pineapples 0.68 0.72 0.70 0.66 0.61
Lemons 0.48 0.51 0.52 0.52 0.54
Peaches 0.52 0.45 0.49 0.50 0.48
Fruits not specified 0.32 0.36 0.36 0.38 0.44
Cherries 0.31 0.45 0.39 0.39 0.34
Figs 0.27 0.29 0.31 0.27 0.33
Grapefruits 0.33 0.32 0.31 0.28 0.32
Limes 0.40 0.29 0.30 0.30 0.31
Coconuts 0.27 0.34 0.35 0.32 0.29
Plums total 0.36 0.32 0.30 0.30 0.27
Nectarines 0.30 0.26 0.26 0.23 0.22
Kiwis 0.24 0.21 0.17 0.18 0.21
Papayas 0.13 0.14 0.13 0.14 0.14
Apricots 0.07 0.06 0.05 0.06 0.05
Other berries 0.02 0.02 0.02 0.04 0.02
Quinces 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.01
Total 36.98 36.52 36.90 36.27 36.49

Notes:

1. Food available per person is calculated by dividing the domestic disappearance by the Canadian population as of July 1st of the reference year, at the retail level.

Domestic disappearance represents the total food available for human consumption from the Canadian food supply chain.

Total Supply = Beginning stocks + Production + Imports

Domestic Disappearance = Total supply − Exports − Manufacturing − Waste − Ending stocks

2. Experimental, use with caution. The data have been adjusted for retail, household, cooking and plate loss.

3. Oranges include mandarins, clementines, tangerines, satsumas, wilkings and similar citrus fruits.

4. Melons include melons, musk and cantaloupe, other fresh melons, watermelons and winter melons.

Source: Statistics Canada. Table 32-10-0054-01 Food available in Canada

4. World data

While Canada accounts for only 0.1% of global fruit production, it is the second largest producer of blueberries and cranberries after the United States and the top global producer of lowbush blueberries and organic cranberries. China is by far the leading producer of fruit with 27.9% of world production, followed by India with 11.8% and Brazil with 4.5%. Globally, bananas are the most produced fruit in terms of volume, followed by watermelons, apples, oranges, and grapes.

Globally, the United States is the largest importer of fruit in terms of value and volume, while Canada ranks as the 8th largest importer of fruit in terms of value and volume.

In terms of value, the top five products imported by Canada are respectively grapes, bananas, strawberries, blueberries, and raspberries. Canada is the 2nd largest global importer of blueberries, 3rd for raspberries, 4th for strawberries, 7th for grapes, and 11th for bananas.

The United States is also the largest exporter of fruits globally in terms of value while in terms of volume, Spain is the largest exporter. Canada ranks 35th in terms of value and 38th in terms of volume of fruit exports.

4.1. World production

4.1.1. World fruit production by commodity – by volume (metric tons)

  2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Bananas 113,491,068 110,695,777 112,236,373 115,766,423 116,781,658
Watermelons 100,975,998 102,397,228 100,954,611 100,458,926 100,414,933
Apples 82,408,896 85,008,032 83,135,970 85,823,680 87,236,221
Oranges 72,442,408 72,972,103 73,831,145 75,189,362 78,699,604
Grapes 76,526,309 74,412,397 73,535,115 80,047,687 77,137,016
Mangoes1 46,785,169 47,113,186 52,123,738 53,405,667 55,853,238
Plantains 41,273,759 40,594,996 38,879,320 41,225,579 41,580,022
Tangerines2 33,161,606 32,318,134 32,733,582 34,278,527 35,444,080
Pineapples 25,816,770 26,078,913 27,709,463 28,430,017 28,179,348
Melons, other3 25,706,565 26,611,325 26,665,174 27,040,618 27,501,360
Peaches and nectarines 23,899,394 23,990,596 24,552,826 24,902,186 25,737,841
Pears 24,366,939 23,217,958 23,830,490 23,723,082 23,919,075
Lemons and limes 17,064,322 17,219,354 17,665,259 19,582,115 20,049,630
Papayas 12,134,038 12,955,803 12,895,369 13,239,028 13,735,086
Plums and sloes 11,618,168 11,850,227 11,494,447 12,528,048 12,601,312
Grapefruit and pomelos 8,871,240 8,998,424 8,672,904 9,049,761 9,289,462
Dates 8,094,353 8,320,428 8,401,274 8,871,351 9,075,446
Strawberries 8,221,263 8,044,725 8,242,262 8,561,118 8,885,028
Avocados 5,325,170 5,722,699 6,179,315 6,766,484 7,179,689
Kiwi fruit 4,061,076 4,244,808 3,938,640 4,190,771 4,348,011
Persimmons 4,348,759 4,360,443 4,548,506 4,163,044 4,270,074
Apricots 3,944,940 4,186,243 4,796,280 3,901,256 4,083,861
Cherries, sweet 2,246,577 2,328,758 2,455,479 2,568,446 2,595,812
Cherries, sour 1,342,821 1,405,355 1,186,506 1,582,391 1,411,608
Cashew apples 1,766,892 1,574,704 1,426,803 1,352,964 1,324,050
Figs 1,164,849 1,062,450 1,161,101 1,224,852 1,315,588
Blueberries 540,122 622,971 608,902 666,451 823,328
Raspberries 674,934 823,429 798,224 850,422 822,493
Cranberries 642,989 749,842 629,619 716,938 687,534
Quinces 673,157 637,883 697,532 660,562 666,589
Currants 626,581 623,695 538,749 680,541 647,815
Gooseberries 168,072 169,878 160,672 76,946 80,014
Carobs 133,349 135,498 138,288 46,141 46,604
Others 75,222,722 77,556,015 77,907,632 79,628,922 80,992,320
Grand Total 835,741,275 839,004,277 844,731,570 871,200,306 883,415,750

Notes:

1. Includes mangosteens, guavas.

2. Includes mandarins, clementines and satsumas.

3. Includes cantaloupes.

Source: FAOSTAT (March 2021)

4.1.2. World fruit production by country – by volume (metric tons)

  2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
China 229,118,312 232,327,419 236,778,249 239,128,544 246,621,295
India 90,792,024 92,006,390 98,031,613 101,897,338 104,165,543
Brazil 40,082,730 38,924,077 39,868,756 39,925,947 40,098,467
United States 27,353,570 27,671,168 26,448,511 24,357,983 25,303,887
Mexico 20,291,808 21,555,096 22,398,512 22,801,688 23,678,584
Turkey 20,296,003 21,780,950 23,153,288 23,601,767 23,312,940
Indonesia 20,732,093 18,578,629 19,608,309 20,552,891 21,453,166
Spain 19,718,151 19,466,863 18,484,973 20,000,010 18,317,660
Iran 19,031,448 18,137,742 16,117,675 16,320,147 17,459,251
Italy 18,310,038 18,156,339 16,559,639 17,771,815 17,253,720
Philippines 16,628,306 16,318,882 16,577,823 16,809,942 16,660,244
Egypt 15,395,048 15,131,783 14,858,225 15,034,252 15,524,952
Nigeria 11,506,523 11,567,555 11,705,970 11,833,942 11,961,707
Colombia 11,736,684 12,091,093 8,232,071 9,475,998 10,791,851
Viet Nam 8,470,789 8,359,695 8,764,383 9,410,359 10,027,273
Canada1 898,530 1,062,999 1,002,968 1,010,609 994,443
Grand Total 835,741,275 839,004,277 844,731,570 871,200,306 883,415,750

Note:

1. In 2019, Canada ranked 86th globally producer of fruits.

Source: FAOSTAT (March 2021)

4.1.3. World fruit production by commodity – by area (hectares)

  2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Grapes 7,104,330 6,899,088 6,831,645 6,865,979 6,925,972
Plantains 5,964,707 5,813,422 5,496,939 5,668,143 5,714,718
Mangoes1 5,145,211 5,163,201 5,445,884 5,367,916 5,588,716
Bananas 5,337,607 5,243,965 5,105,238 5,121,074 5,158,582
Apples 5,177,491 4,865,350 4,620,530 4,645,405 4,717,384
Oranges 4,012,131 3,935,464 3,916,142 3,936,260 4,060,129
Watermelons 3,176,757 3,204,695 3,109,281 3,120,446 3,084,217
Tangerines2 2,535,480 2,524,296 2,546,663 2,699,579 2,756,887
Plums and sloes 2,592,671 2,672,684 2,641,400 2,741,152 2,727,745
Peaches and nectarines 1,631,510 1,592,266 1,523,705 1,528,249 1,527,052
Dates 1,123,105 1,207,606 1,247,209 1,338,304 1,381,434
Pears 1,582,981 1,408,291 1,352,320 1,382,975 1,379,387
Lemons and limes 1,064,705 1,060,896 1,108,062 1,178,019 1,226,617
Pineapples 1,014,945 1,045,187 1,093,292 1,135,002 1,125,307
Melons, other3 1,045,715 1,084,804 1,031,344 1,026,076 1,039,691
Persimmons 936,782 938,197 957,955 969,855 992,425
Avocados 563,948 599,416 626,825 690,821 726,660
Apricots 562,122 540,811 560,416 546,800 561,750
Cashew apples 650,835 623,404 555,227 506,427 493,808
Papayas 412,953 454,164 447,065 451,501 462,552
Cherries, sweet 411,908 420,508 422,789 425,037 443,771
Strawberries 377,112 366,475 371,031 394,659 396,401
Grapefruit and pomelos 354,966 362,426 331,057 369,757 346,191
Figs 294,383 278,802 277,013 287,551 289,818
Kiwi fruit 263,032 274,717 246,406 260,283 268,788
Cherries, sour 209,614 215,663 207,747 222,538 224,237
Currants 114,431 115,079 113,593 136,055 141,115
Raspberries 101,203 114,840 119,088 126,114 127,578
Blueberries 94,728 102,586 103,959 112,774 119,472
Quinces 82,491 86,241 89,699 87,986 93,699
Cranberries 39,383 41,163 40,190 39,249 41,383
Gooseberries 29,554 29,421 27,331 14,396 14,943
Carobs 41,799 41,462 38,817 14,421 14,366
Others 10,350,250 10,664,886 10,540,431 10,774,351 11,120,582
Grand Total 64,400,840 63,991,476 63,146,293 64,185,154 65,293,377

Notes:

1. Includes mangosteens, guavas.

2. Includes mandarins, clementines and satsumas.

3. Includes cantaloupes.

Source: FAOSTAT (March 2021)

4.1.4. World fruit production by country – by area (hectares)

  2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
China 15,220,571 14,982,327 14,669,763 15,050,240 15,339,655
India 6,699,761 6,642,040 6,764,594 6,929,767 7,065,860
Brazil 2,354,203 2,268,636 2,181,134 2,107,657 2,092,387
Nigeria 1,894,405 1,904,603 1,916,639 1,927,518 1,938,144
Philippines 1,335,629 1,420,174 1,542,902 1,708,643 1,937,437
Spain 1,665,112 1,579,578 1,582,227 1,560,080 1,556,100
Mexico 1,406,095 1,444,992 1,468,465 1,514,399 1,552,088
Turkey 1,392,191 1,374,434 1,363,040 1,362,887 1,384,591
Congo (Democratic Republic of) 1,358,598 1,370,004 1,373,623 1,372,786 1,378,922
Iran 1,605,374 1,383,700 1,119,910 1,159,337 1,114,726
Italy 1,148,390 1,119,696 1,124,142 1,095,481 1,113,420
United States 1,207,134 1,184,145 1,164,970 1,109,711 1,098,180
Thailand 1,150,170 1,224,975 1,245,984 1,084,988 1,084,926
Pakistan 1,042,323 1,041,641 1,024,485 1,004,825 981,318
Uganda 1,076,760 911,006 946,462 949,574 956,116
Canada1 88,241 90,528 88,627 87,932 86,462
Grand Total 64,400,840 63,991,476 63,146,293 64,185,154 65,293,377

Note:

1. In 2019, Canada ranked 86th globally producer of fruits.

Source: FAOSTAT (March 2021)

4.2. World trade

4.2.1. Top 10 importers of fruit1 worldwide – by value (thousands of Canadian dollars)

  2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
United States 22,202,982 23,561,681 24,456,351 25,950,697 26,136,469
Germany 13,738,618 14,631,293 15,343,657 14,914,245 16,854,822
China 7,777,821 8,287,172 11,223,987 15,486,370 16,130,165
Netherlands 9,430,086 10,232,965 11,212,642 11,678,238 12,946,472
United Kingdom 8,351,868 8,251,247 8,373,661 8,369,654 8,552,068
France 7,196,718 7,519,931 7,818,086 7,660,691 8,423,639
Russian Federation 5,110,509 6,064,091 6,587,649 6,762,479 6,940,421
Canada 5,964,167 6,056,912 6,201,850 6,368,860 6,655,763
Hong Kong 5,705,455 5,441,076 5,677,967 6,070,577 5,431,971
Italy 4,534,507 4,614,426 4,788,294 5,066,954 5,273,767
Others 59,053,274 61,636,896 63,572,089 62,542,154 65,610,363
Total 149,066,005 156,297,690 165,256,232 170,870,920 178,955,920

Note:

1. Includes fresh, frozen and dried fruits and nuts.

Source: Global Trade Tracker (March 2021)

4.2.2. Top 10 importers of fruit1 worldwide – by volume (metric tons)

  2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
United States 12,115,411 12,477,300 12,844,419 12,811,164 13,006,981
Germany 6,485,910 6,863,591 6,600,009 6,676,552 6,718,900
China 4,035,723 4,562,576 5,724,604 7,203,861 6,644,093
Netherlands 4,712,129 5,016,013 5,480,550 5,612,718 5,854,633
Russian Federation 4,886,030 5,596,076 5,899,328 5,646,784 5,640,131
United Kingdom 4,233,456 4,366,902 4,037,048 4,007,638 3,932,450
France 3,654,119 3,827,034 3,837,386 3,830,326 3,820,353
Canada 2,807,055 2,796,498 2,866,820 2,859,739 2,909,014
Belgium 2,642,248 2,774,900 2,637,454 2,401,695 2,447,016
Italy 2,145,051 2,381,296 2,349,362 2,446,742 2,413,670
Others 95,778,835 36,434,148 35,420,336 35,249,381 35,310,416
Total 143,495,967 87,096,336 87,697,316 88,746,601 88,697,657

Note:

1. Includes fresh, frozen and dried fruits and nuts.

Source: Global Trade Tracker (March 2021)

4.2.3. Top 10 exporters of fruit1 worldwide – by value (thousands of Canadian dollars)

  2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
United States 16,893,946 17,473,355 17,237,434 18,010,550 17,180,193
Spain 11,987,781 12,165,229 12,938,000 13,165,934 14,625,520
Mexico 7,337,579 8,565,117 8,496,628 11,940,328 12,368,521
Netherlands 9,021,608 9,718,235 10,687,386 10,738,952 12,239,005
China 7,341,416 6,882,922 6,866,553 8,248,184 9,399,116
Chile 6,646,260 6,296,595 7,331,609 7,672,608 7,771,251
Turkey 5,652,868 5,662,104 5,635,418 6,084,103 6,448,371
Thailand 2,133,760 3,019,650 2,004,873 4,973,355 5,648,290
Italy 5,212,171 5,424,304 5,204,309 4,964,721 5,468,605
Peru 2,680,849 3,213,467 4,067,666 4,583,462 5,269,359
Canada2 726,313 694,138 819,948 843,295 877,527
Total 131,073,221 137,975,887 142,800,733 150,794,102 160,301,952

Note:

1. Includes fresh, frozen and dried fruits and nuts.

2. In 2020, Canada ranked 35th globally with exports totaling $877,527 thousands.

Source: Global Trade Tracker (March 2021)

4.2.4. Top 10 exporters of fruit1 worldwide – by volume (metric tons)

  2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Spain 7,482,534 7,776,858 7,457,154 8,164,275 7,737,980
Ecuador 6,340,092 6,758,551 6,947,480 7,053,355 7,451,294
Mexico 4,590,903 4,536,777 4,652,072 5,269,069 5,307,949
Netherlands 3,817,437 4,105,588 4,394,405 4,537,036 4,648,375
Philippines 2,095,554 3,564,502 3,996,119 5,171,075 4,492,171
United States 4,494,161 4,576,552 4,364,123 4,306,395 4,278,045
Costa Rica 2,066,437 2,549,064 3,963,910 3,501,174 4,194,061
China 3,689,905 3,617,247 3,570,651 3,763,341 4,023,502
Turkey 3,545,163 3,828,584 4,213,535 3,707,050 3,932,420
Egypt 2,078,982 2,265,352 2,815,375 2,596,707 3,793,292
Canada2 284,510 279,995 316,051 318,633 322,750
Total 83,580,366 89,819,185 91,348,740 93,319,872 93,661,298

Note:

1. Includes fresh, frozen and dried fruits and nuts.

2. In 2020, Canada ranked 38th globally with exports totaling 322,750 metric tons.

Source: Global Trade Tracker (March 2021)

5. Key Resources

  • FAOSTAT.
  • Global Trade Tracker.
  • Statistics Canada. Statistics Canada. Table 32-10-0403-01 Farms classified by farm type.
  • Statistics Canada. Statistics Canada. Table 32-10-0364-01 Estimates, production and farm gate value of fresh and processed fruits.
  • Statistics Canada. Statistics Canada. Table 32-10-0054-01 Food available in Canada.
  • Statistics Canada. CATSNET.

Import and export data is based on the following Harmonized System Codes (H.S. Codes):

All import and export H.S. codes fall under Chapter 08 of the Custom Tariff.

  • Fresh fruit for import:
    • 0801110000  0801190000  0801210000  0801220000  0801310000  0801320000  0802110000  0802120000  0802210000  0802220000  0802310000  0802320000  0802400010  0802400020  0802500010  0802500020  0802600000  0802900011  0802900012  0802900091  0802900092  0803000010  0803000011  0803000012  0803000020  0804100010  0804100020  0804200010  0804200020  0804300010  0804300011  0804300012  0804300020  0804400000  0804500010  0804500020  0805100011  0805100012  0805100013  0805100019  0805100020  0805200011  0805200019  0805200020  0805400000  0805400010  0805400020  0805500011  0805500012  0805500020  0805500021  0805500022  0805500030  0805900010  0805900020  0806101100  0806101900  0806109100  0806109110  0806109120  0806109900  0806200000  0807110000  0807110010  0807110020  0807190010  0807190020  0807190090  0807200000  0807200010  0807200020  0808101011  0808101012  0808101013  0808101014  0808101015  0808101016  0808101017  0808101019  0808101081  0808101082  0808101083  0808101084  0808101089  0808101091  0808101092  0808101093  0808101094  0808101095  0808101096  0808101097  0808101099  0808109000  0808201000  0808202900  0808202910  0808202920  0808203000  0809101000  0809109900  0809201000  0809202900  0809203900  0809203910  0809203920  0809209000  0809301000  0809302100  0809302900  0809302910  0809302920  0809303000  0809309000  0809401000  0809402900  0809403900  0809409000  0810101000  0810109100  0810109900  0810109910  0810109920  0810201100  0810201900  0810201910  0810201920  0810209000  0810300000  0810401010  0810401011  0810401012  0810401021  0810401022  0810401023  0810401090  0810409000  0810500000  0810600000  0810900010  0810900020  0810900090  0810901000  0810909010  0810909020  0810909090  0811101000  0811109000  0811200010  0811200090  0811901010  0811901090  0811902000  0811909011  0811909012  0811909013  0811909021  0811909029  0811909030  0811909091  0811909099  0812101000  0812109010  0812109090  0812901010  0812901020  0812902000  0812909000  0813100000  0813200000  0813300000  0813400010  0813400090  0813500010  0813500020  0813500030  0814000010  0814000090
  • Fresh fruit for export:
    • 08011100  08011900  08012100  08012200  08013100  08013200  08021100  08021200  08022100  08022200  08023100  08023200  08024000  08025000  08026000  08029000  08030000  08041000  08042000  08043000  08044000  08045000  08051000  08052000  08054000  08055000  08059000  08061000  08062000  08071100  08071900  08072000  08081010  08081090  08082000  08091000  08092000  08093000  08094000  08101000  08102010  08102020  08103000  08104011  08104012  08104090  08105000  08109000  08109010  08109090  08111000  08112000  08119011  08119012  08119090  08121000  08129000  08131000  08132000  08133000  08134000  08135000  08140000
  • Processed fruit for import:
    • 2001909010  2006001010  2006001019  2006001090  2007100000  2007910010  2007910020  2007910090  2007991010  2007991090  2007992010  2007992090  2007999021  2007999022  2007999029  2007999031  2007999039  2007999040  2007999050  2007999091  2007999099  2008200010  2008200090  2008300010  2008300021  2008300029  2008300091  2008300099  2008401000  2008402000  2008409010  2008409090  2008501010  2008501090  2008509000  2008601000  2008609011  2008609019  2008609090  2008701010  2008701090  2008709010  2008709090  2008800010  2008800090  2008910010  2008910090  2008921010  2008921090  2008929000  2008991000  2008992010  2008992020  2008992090  2008993010  2008993091  2008993099  2008994000  2008999010  2008999021  2008999029  2008999031  2008999032  2008999033  2008999039  2008999091  2008999092  2008999099  2009111010  2009111020  2009111030  2009119010  2009119020  2009119030  2009120010  2009120090  2009191010  2009191091  2009191099  2009199010  2009199090  2009210010  2009210090  2009290010  2009290021  2009290022  2009290029  2009290091  2009290092  2009290099  2009310011  2009310019  2009310091  2009310099  2009390011  2009390012  2009390019  2009390091  2009390092  2009390099  2009410000  2009490010  2009490020  2009490090  2009611000  2009619010  2009619090  2009691011  2009691019  2009691021  2009691029  2009699010  2009699020  2009699090  2009711000  2009719010  2009719090  2009791011  2009791012  2009791019  2009791021  2009791022  2009791029  2009799000  2009801100  2009801911  2009801912  2009801919  2009801991  2009801992  2009801993  2009801994  2009801995  2009901000  2009902010  2009902020  2009903010  2009903021  2009903029  2009903031  2009903039  2106902911  2106909110  2106909191  2106909192  2106909199  2106909200  2106909300  2106909400  2106909510  2106909590  2106909600  2106909700  2106909810  2106909890  2106909911  2106909919  2106909931  2106909939  2106909941  2106909949  2106909991  2106909992  2106909999  2202903100  2202903110  2202903190  2202903200  2202909010
  • Processed fruit for export:
    • 20060000  20071000  20079100  20079900  20081110  20081190  20081900  20082000  20083000  20084000  20085000  20086000  20087000  20088000  20089100  20089200  20089900  20091100  20091200  20091900  20092100  20092900  20093100  20093900  20094100  20094900  20096100  20096900  20097100  20097910  20097990  20098040  20099000  21069030