Competitive Trade Analysis – Agri-food and seafood trends in the Middle East and Northern Africa

Note: This report includes forecasting data that is based on baseline historical data.

Report content summary

A competitive trade analysis (CTA) is intended to examine major competitors and determine where a company or country compares within an industry or sector.

This CTA highlights agri-food and seafood trade in Middle East and Northern Africa (MENA) and identifies the opportunities and potential growth areas for Canadian exporters.

Included are the top fifteen agri-food and seafood imports into MENA. Throughout the report, a series of supply gap analysis demonstrate the areas for potential growth in Canadian exports to MENA.

Middle East and Northern Africa market summary

MENA recorded imports of Can$104.5 billion in 2020, and Canada's share was 1.7% or Can$1.73 billion.

MENA is a net importer of agri-food and seafood products. In 2020, MENA's agri-food and seafood trade deficit was Can$49.7 billion. MENA's agri-food and seafood imports decreased at a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of −10.12% from 2016 to 2020.

Top supplying countries to MENA were Brazil, the United States, Russian Federation, Ukraine and India. The top five imports to MENA from 2016 to 2020 were wheat and meslin, maize or corn, soya beans, rice and food preparations.

In 2020, Canada had an agri-food and seafood trade surplus of Can$1.2 billion with MENA. MENA's agri-food and seafood imports from Canada have decreased by a CAGR of −12.71% from 2016 to 2020. Top imports from Canada were wheat and meslin, dried leguminous vegetables, tabacco and soya beans.

 

Trade overview

MENA is a net importer of agri-food and seafood products. In 2020, MENA's agri-food and seafood trade deficit was Can$49.7 billion with imports valued at Can$104.5 billion, and Can$54.8 billion in exports. MENA's agri-food and seafood imports decreased at a CAGR of −10.12% from 2016 to 2020. In 2020, Canada had an agri-food and seafood trade surplus of Can$1.2 billion with MENA.

MENA's top agri-food and seafood imports in 2020 wheat and meslin, maize or corn, soya beans, rice and food preparations. Top supplying countries were Brazil, the United States, Russian Federation, Ukraine and India. Imports from Canada have decreased by a CAGR of −12.71% to rank 19th overall.

MENA's top ten suppliers of agri-food and seafood, Can$ million
Country 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 CAGR* % 2016-2020
World 160,120.1 167,447.5 163,470.9 137,605.1 104,492.3 −10.12
Brazil 12,052.0 14,404.0 13,859.1 11,678.6 8,927.2 −7.23
United States 9,892.8 11,522.0 12,674.7 11,131.8 8,795.7 −2.90
Russian Federation 6,478.6 7,653.6 9,430.9 8,070.5 7,871.7 4.99
Ukraine 6,382.0 7,162.6 6,397.1 7,078.8 5,313.5 −4.48
India 9,483.8 9,823.8 9,380.5 8,550.8 4,985.6 −14.85
Argentina 7,845.2 8,092.3 7,356.7 6,285.4 4,761.5 −11.74
France 6,542.0 6,218.1 6,610.6 4,475.1 3,410.7 −15.03
Netherlands 4,997.3 5,186.6 4,974.4 4,225.3 3,002.8 −11.96
Spain 3,642.7 3,702.8 3,939.1 2,682.9 2,777.7 −6.55
United Arab Emirates 6,503.0 7,375.9 6,592.8 3,012.1 2,491.2 −21.33
Canada (19th) 2,980.1 2,881.8 2,182.8 1,972.7 1,730.2 −12.71

Source: Global Trade Tracker, 2021

*CAGR: Compound Annual Growth Rate

In 2020, Canada ranked 1st for Dried Leguminous Vegetables, 4th for wheat and meslin and 6th for soya beans import supply into MENA among global trade partners, supplying MENA with Can$1.3 billion worth of these three commodities. Other Canadian agri-food and seafood products imports MENA include frozen beef and milk and cream. Milk and Cream and Live Bovine Animals were the fastest growing imports from Canada Milk and Cream growing around twice its 2016 amount and Live Bovine Animals growing almost 6 times it's 2019 amount. In 2020, Canada's import supply gap to MENA was Can$102.8 billion, which fell by a CAGR of 10.0% between 2016 and 2020.

MENA's top ten suppliers of agri-food and seafood, % share
Country 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 Percent Point* change 2016-2020
Brazil 7.53 8.60 8.48 8.49 8.54 1.01
United States 6.18 6.88 7.75 8.09 8.42 2.24
Russian Federation 4.05 4.57 5.77 5.86 7.53 3.48
Ukraine 3.99 4.28 3.91 5.14 5.09 1.10
India 5.92 5.87 5.74 6.21 4.77 −1.15
Argentina 4.90 4.83 4.50 4.57 4.56 −0.34
France 4.09 3.71 4.04 3.25 3.26 −0.83
Netherlands 3.12 3.10 3.04 3.07 2.87 −0.25
Spain 2.27 2.21 2.41 1.95 2.66 0.39
United Arab Emirates 4.06 4.40 4.03 2.19 2.38 −1.68

Source: Global Trade Tracker, 2021

*CAGR: Compound Annual Growth Rate

Canada's agri-food and seafood supply gap, in Can$ million
Category 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 CAGR* % 2016-2020
Imports from the World 160,120.1 167,447.5 163,470.9 137,605.1 104,492.3 −10.12
Imports from Canada 2,980.1 2,881.8 2,182.8 1,972.7 1,730.2 −12.71
Supply Gap 157,140.0 164,565.7 161,288.1 135,632.4 102,762.1 −10.0

Source: Global Trade Tracker, 2021

*CAGR: Compound Annual Growth Rate

MENA's top fifteen agri-food and seafood imports from the world, Can$ million
HS Code Description 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 CAGR* % 2016-2020
Total imports 160,119.6 167,448.6 163,471.1 137,605.1 104,491.9 −10.12
1001 Wheat and Meslin 11,993.9 11,618.6 12,859.1 11,525.0 9,931.6 −4.61
1005 Maize or Corn 8,054.8 9,134.0 9,924.3 7,706.7 5,713.7 −8.23
1201 Soya Beans 3,825.2 4,615.6 5,748.1 4,883.8 4,458.7 3.91
1006 Rice 5,013.5 5,888.6 5,928.0 5,315.2 3,229.5 −10.41
2106 Food Preparations 4,628.4 4,667.3 4,221.2 3,558.6 2,943.9 −10.70
0202 Beef, Frozen 3,860.2 3,800.7 3,918.0 4,218.6 2,820.5 −7.55
5201 Cotton 2,214.6 2,862.3 2,577.1 2,546.7 2,484.8 2.92
1511 Palm Oil 3,141.3 3,407.5 3,203.7 2,486.7 2,267.6 −7.82
1701 Cane or Beet Sugar 5,038.9 7,505.8 5,119.5 3,227.3 2,214.9 −18.58
0207 Poultry and Fowl Meat 4,608.9 4,236.8 3,824.2 3,760.0 2,205.1 −16.83
0402 Milk and Cream 4,682.6 5,492.9 5,133.5 2,982.4 2,054.2 −18.62
1905 Baked Goods 2,689.9 2,593.4 2,607.5 2,458.8 1,892.1 −8.42
0406 Cheese and Curd 2,880.4 2,822.2 2,716.6 2,236.1 1,883.4 −10.08
0713 Dried Leguminous Vegetables 3,303.2 3,646.0 2,616.9 1,907.6 1,757.1 −14.60
0102 Live Bovine Animals 2,236.4 2,912.1 3,842.3 1,639.9 1,740.3 −6.08

Source: Global Trade Tracker, 2021

*CAGR: Compound Annual Growth Rate

Top agri-food and seafood imports

1. Wheat and meslin (HS 1001)

MENA's top ten suppliers of wheat and meslin, Can$ million
Country 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 CAGR* % 2016-2020
World 11,994.1 11,618.1 12,858.7 11,524.8 9,931.5 −4.61
Russian Federation 3,036.5 3,426.5 5,130.1 4,511.6 4,538.5 10.57
Ukraine 1,355.3 1,538.2 1,782.6 2,188.9 1,857.3 8.20
France 1,830.2 1,149.8 1,694.0 878.8 833.2 −17.86
Canada 1,143.7 1,026.8 928.0 836.9 704.5 −11.41
Romania 977.4 711.4 689.0 689.7 388.9 −20.58
Lithuania 322.8 326.0 253.8 340.5 273.7 −4.04
Poland 288.2 239.4 176.2 183.6 229.3 −5.56
Mexico 343.8 45.0 168.3 153.9 150.6 −18.65
Australia 334.3 446.3 326.9 261.6 147.1 −18.55
Germany 574.6 529.6 326.4 223.0 140.1 −29.73

Source: Global Trade Tracker, 2021

*CAGR: Compound Annual Growth Rate

MENA's top ten suppliers of wheat and meslin, % share
Country 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 Percent Point* change 2016-2020
Russian Federation 25.32 29.49 39.90 39.15 45.70 20.38
Ukraine 11.30 13.24 13.86 18.99 18.70 7.40
France 15.26 9.90 13.17

7.63

8.39 −6.87
Canada 9.54 8.84 7.22 7.26 7.09 −2.45
Romania 8.15 6.12 5.36 5.98 3.92 −4.23
Lithuania 2.69 2.81 1.97 2.95 2.76 0.07
Poland 2.40 2.06 1.37 1.59 2.31 −0.09
Mexico 2.87 0.39 1.31 1.34 1.52 −1.35
Australia 2.79 3.84 2.54 2.27 1.48 −1.31
Germany 4.79 4.56 2.54 1.93 1.41 −3.38

Source: Global Trade Tracker, 2021

*Percent Point change: difference between 2020 and 2016 values

Canada's wheat and meslin supply gap to MENA, Can$ million
Category 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 CAGR* % 2016-2020
Imports from the World 11,994.1 11,618.1 12,858.7 11,524.8 9,931.5 −4.61
Canada 1,143.7 1,026.8 928.0 836.9 704.5 −11.41
Supply Gap 10,850.40 10,591.30 11,930.70 10,687.90 9,227.00 −4

Source: Global Trade Tracker, 2021

*CAGR: Compound Annual Growth Rate

2. Maize or corn (HS1005)

MENA's top ten suppliers of maize or corn, Can$ million
Country 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 CAGR* % 2016-2020
World 8,054.4 9,133.9 9,924.5 7,707.1 5,713.3 −8.23
Argentina 2,155.3 2,506.1 2,486.7 2,119.9 2,050.5 −1.24
Brazil 1,192.4 1,352.6 1,302.5 1,482.3 1,214.3 0.46
Ukraine 1,412.8 1,845.4 1,375.3 1,804.1 1,149.2 −5.03
United States 1,013.0 904.4 1,624.4 295.9 383.9 −21.54
Romania 197.9 157.8 191.6 481.0 353.1 15.57
Russian Federation 365.6 479.7 554.2 272.1 183.1 −15.88
Serbia 112.5 206.4 9.7 63.2 115.5 0.66
Moldova (Rep. of) 11.9 26.8 19.0 69.9 69.8 55.62
Bulgaria 77.8 33.9 13.1 86.3 65.2 −4.32
Paraguay 48.9 66.4 32.9 82.1 31.3 −10.55
Canada (93rd) 0.3 0.5 0.2 0.1

Source: Global Trade Tracker, 2021

*CAGR: Compound Annual Growth Rate

MENA's top ten suppliers of maize or corn, % share
Country 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 Percent Point* change 2016-2020
Argentina 26.76 27.44 25.06 27.51 35.89 9.13
Brazil 14.80 14.81 13.12 19.23 21.25 6.45
Ukraine 17.54 20.20 13.86 23.41 20.11 2.57
United States 12.58 9.90 16.37 3.84 6.72 −5.86
Romania 2.46 1.73 1.93 6.24 6.18 3.72
Russian Federation 4.54 5.25 5.58 3.53 3.20 −1.34
Serbia 1.40 2.26 0.10 0.82 2.02 0.62
Moldova (Rep. of) 0.15 0.29 0.19 0.91 1.22 1.07
Bulgaria 0.97 0.37 0.13 1.12 1.14 0.17
Paraguay 0.61 0.73 0.33 1.07 0.55 −0.06

Source: Global Trade Tracker, 2021

*Percent Point change: difference between 2020 and 2016 values

Canada's maize or corn supply gap to MENA, Can$ million
Country 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 CAGR* % 2016-2020
Imports from the World 8,054.4 9,133.9 9,924.5 7,707.1 5,713.3 −8.23
Imports from Canada 0.3 0.5 0.2 0.1
Supply gap 8,054.10 9,133.40 9,924.30 7,707.00 5,713.30 −8.23

Source: Global Trade Tracker, 2021

*CAGR: Compound Annual Growth Rate

3. Soya beans (HS1201)

MENA's top ten suppliers of soya beans, Can$ million
Country 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 CAGR* % 2016-2020
World 3,825.3 4,615.5 5,748.1 4,883.4 4,458.3 3.90
United States 604.8 1,031.8 2,208.2 1,907.8 2,037.9 35.49
Brazil 585.0 509.1 1,163.4 1,001.3 1,401.2 24.40
Ukraine 990.1 871.7 527.4 898.7 479.5 −16.58
Argentina 361.2 291.7 74.7 376.4 205.2 −13.18
Uruguay 31.2 81.5 13.7 127.4 199.4 59.00
Canada 81.6 153.6 32.8 4.5 46.5 −13.12
Russian Federation 2.3 3.7 2.7 24.7 37.3 100.68
Moldova (Rep. of) 3.2 0.7 4.5 11.4 37.38
Romania 10.5 2.8 0.1 33.9 11.2 1.63
Ethiopia 3.4 0.8 1.4 8.1 24.24

Source: Global Trade Tracker, 2021

*CAGR: Compound Annual Growth Rate

MENA's top ten suppliers of soya beans, % share
Country 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 Percent Point* change 2016-2020
United States 15.81 22.36 38.42 39.07 45.71 29.90
Brazil 15.29 11.03 20.24 20.50 31.43 16.14
Ukraine 25.88 18.89 9.18 18.40 10.76 −15.12
Argentina 9.44 6.32 1.30 7.71 4.60 −4.84
Uruguay 0.82 1.77 0.24 2.61 4.47 3.65
Canada 2.13 3.33 0.57 0.09 1.04 −1.09
Russian Federation 0.06 0.08 0.05 0.51 0.84 0.78
Moldova (Rep. of) 0.08 0.02 0.00 0.09 0.26 0.18
Romania 0.27 0.06 0.00 0.69 0.25 −0.02
Ethiopia 0.09 0.00 0.01 0.03 0.18 0.09

Source: Global Trade Tracker, 2021

*Percent Point change: difference between 2020 and 2016 values

Canada's soya bean supply gap to MENA, Can$ million
Category 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 *CAGR % 2016-2020
Imports from the World 3,825.3 4,615.5 5,748.1 4,883.4 4,458.3 3.90
Imports from Canada 81.6 153.6 32.8 4.5 46.5 −13.12
Supply gap 3,743.70 4,461.90 5,715.30 4,878.90 4,411.80 4.19

Source: Global Trade Tracker, 2021

*CAGR: Compound Annual Growth Rate

4. Rice (HS 1806)

MENA's top ten suppliers of rice, Can$ million
Country 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 CAGR* % 2016-2020
World 5,013.1 5,888.1 5,927.7 5,314.9 3,229.6 −10.41

India

3,338.1 3,843.1 4,005.9 3,436.5 1,989.7 −12.13
United States 334.2 394.6 289.6 272.2 336.5 0.17
Pakistan 579.1 699.1 561.2 469.8 184.5 −24.87
China (People's Republic of) 4.5 45.8 127.8 343.8 182.5 152.36
Thailand 202.9 274.1 320.9 310.6 137.8 −9.22
Italy 39.3 62.2 57.0 54.4 66.6 14.10
Viet-Nam 66.3 75.2 82.2 115.1 49.8 −6.90
Greece 25.7 52.9 45.4 44.3 47.6 16.66
Russian Federation 42.1 28.3 27.7 34.8 38.2 −2.40
Australia 116.5 87.0 121.7 105.3 33.1 −26.99
Canada (112th) 0.4

Source: Global Trade Tracker, 2021

*CAGR: Compound Annual Growth Rate

MENA's top ten suppliers of rice, % share
Country 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 Percent Point* change 2016-2020
India 66.59 65.27 67.58 64.66 61.61 −4.98
United States 6.67 6.70 4.89 5.12 10.42 3.75
Pakistan 11.55 11.87 9.47 8.84 5.71 −5.84
China (People's Republic of) 0.09 0.78 2.16 6.47 5.65 5.56
Thailand 4.05 4.66 5.41 5.84 4.27 0.22
Italy 0.78 1.06 0.96 1.02 2.06 1.28
Viet-Nam 1.32 1.28 1.39 2.17 1.54 0.22
Greece 0.51 0.90 0.77 0.83 1.47 0.96
Russian Federation 0.84 0.48 0.47 0.65 1.18 0.34
Australia 2.32 1.48 2.05 1.98 1.02 −1.30

Source: Global Trade Tracker, 2021

*Percent Point change: difference between 2020 and 2016 values

Canada's rice supply gap to MENA, Can$ million
Category 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 CAGR* % 2016-2020
Imports from the World 5,013.1 5,888.1 5,927.7 5,314.9 3,229.6 −10.41
Imports from Canada 0.4
Supply gap 5,013.1 5,888.1 5,927.7 5,314.5 3,229.6 −10.41

Source: Global Trade Tracker, 2021

*CAGR: Compound Annual Growth Rate

5. Food Preparations (HS2106)

MENA's top ten suppliers of food preparations, Can$ million
Country 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 CAGR* % 2016-2020
World 4,628.6 4,667.7 4,221.3 3,558.3 2,943.6 −10.70
Ireland 945.2 933.6 766.7 713.2 613.6 −10.24
Netherlands 336.3 388.6 356.7 356.2 338.7 0.18
United States 432.4 501.5 488.4 428.2 238.2 −13.85
Germany 384.9 395.4 375.2 282.7 233.2 −11.77
United Kingdom 194.7 207.3 169.9 161.4 157.4 −5.18
Italy 199.1 197.4 206.4 157.6 141.2 −8.23
Denmark 156.9 173.7 170.2 136.5 128.8 −4.81
France 143.7 152.6 149.5 116.8 102.2 −8.17
Spain 129.7 155.8 146.1 83.9 78.3 −11.85
Egypt 249.2 247.5 211.1 109.6 76.2 −25.64
Canada (25th) 51.9 58.6 47.4 30.6 16.9 −24.46

Source: Global Trade Tracker, 2021

*CAGR: Compound Annual Growth Rate

MENA's top ten suppliers of food preparations, % share
Country 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 Percent Point* change 2016-2020
Ireland 20.42 20.00 18.16 20.04 20.85 0.43
Netherlands 7.27 8.33 8.45 10.01 11.51 4.24
United States 9.34 10.74 11.57 12.03 8.09 −1.25
Germany 8.32 8.47 8.89 7.94 7.92 −0.40
United Kingdom 4.21 4.44 4.02 4.54 5.35 1.14
Italy 4.30 4.23 4.89 4.43 4.80 0.50
Denmark 3.39 3.72 4.03 3.84 4.38 0.99
France 3.10 3.27 3.54 3.28 3.47 0.37
Spain 2.80 3.34 3.46 2.36 2.66 −0.14
Egypt 5.38 5.30 5.00 3.08 2.59 −2.79

Source: Global Trade Tracker, 2021

*Percent Point change: difference between 2020 and 2016 values

Canada's food preparations supply gap to MENA, Can$ million
Category 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 CAGR* % 2016-2020
Imports from the World 4,628.6 4,667.7 4,221.3 3,558.3 2,943.6 −10.70
Import from Canada 51.9 58.6 47.4 30.6 16.9 −24.46
Supply gap 4,576.7 4,609.1 4,173.9 3,527.7 2,926.7 −10.58

Source: Global Trade Tracker, 2021

*CAGR: Compound Annual Growth Rate

6. Beef, Frozen (HS0202)

MENA's top ten suppliers of beef, frozen, Can$ million
Country 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 CAGR* % 2016-2020
World 3,859.9 3,800.4 3,917.9 4,218.5 2,820.5 −7.54
Brazil 1,651.3 1,792.0 2,259.1 2,359.1 1,250.7 −6.71
India 1,124.7 841.6 566.4 877.1 834.8 −7.18
Argentina 191.2 157.0 188.3 202.2 188.4 −0.37
Paraguay 177.8 178.5 114.4 183.8 170.0 −1.12
Australia 144.4 124.3 106.5 115.9 84.6 −12.51
Poland 42.8 109.2 80.7 78.2 77.2 15.89
Uruguay 200.0 196.5 132.5 49.2 54.8 −27.65
United States 102.0 119.4 93.2 105.8 33.0 −24.58
Colombia 1.8 5.2 0.5 21.9 29.8 101.71
New Zealand 28.7 40.7 41.3 32.6 21.2 −7.29
Canada (14th) 13.8 12.1 13.9 5.4 9.3 −9.40

Source: Global Trade Tracker, 2021

*CAGR: Compound Annual Growth Rate

MENA's top ten suppliers of beef, frozen, % share
Country 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 Percent Point* change 2016-2020
Brazil 42.78 47.15 57.66 55.92 44.34 1.56
India 29.14 22.15 14.46 20.79 29.60 0.46
Argentina 4.95 4.13 4.81 4.79 6.68 1.73
Paraguay 4.61 4.70 2.92 4.36 6.03 1.42
Australia 3.74 3.27 2.72 2.75 3.00 −0.74
Poland 1.11 2.87 2.06 1.85 2.74 1.63
Uruguay 5.18 5.17 3.38 1.17 1.94 −3.24
United States 2.64 3.14 2.38 2.51 1.17 −1.47
Colombia 0.05 0.14 0.01 0.52 1.06 1.01
New Zealand 0.74 1.07 1.05 0.77 0.75 0.01

Source: Global Trade Tracker, 2021

*Percent Point change: difference between 2020 and 2016 values

Canada's beef, frozen gap to MENA, Can$ million
Category 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 CAGR* % 2016-2020
Imports from the World 3,859.9 3,800.4 3,917.9 4,218.5 2,820.5 −7.54
Import from Canada 13.8 12.1 13.9 5.4 9.3 −9.40
Supply gap 3,846.10 3,788.30 3,904.00 4,213.10 2,811.20 −7.54

Source: Global Trade Tracker, 2021

*CAGR: Compound Annual Growth Rate

7. Cotton (HS 5201)

MENA's top ten suppliers of cotton, Can$ million
Country 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 CAGR* % 2016-2020
World 2,214.3 2,862.3 2,577.1 2,546.5 2,484.8 2.92
United States 741.3 1,049.2 1,028.5 907.5 845.1 3.33
Brazil 237.6 228.6 224.0 307.4 465.8 18.33
Greece 263.4 347.7 294.6 545.4 443.9 13.94
Azerbaijan 5.3 43.9 95.5 154.6 167.3 137.03
Mexico 2.3 62.1 113.0
Tajikistan 77.2 93.0 133.8 97.5 94.1 5.07
Sudan 48.8 95.5 85.1 77.8 75.1 11.38
Syrian Arab Republic 36.2 23.2 23.7 2.3 42.3 3.97
Uzbekistan 64.1 83.7 43.5 39.4 33.5 −14.97
Kyrgyzstan 15.8 18.3 22.1 28.8 32.7 19.94
Canada (84th) 0.3

Source: Global Trade Tracker, 2021

*CAGR: Compound Annual Growth Rate

MENA's top ten suppliers of cotton, % share
Country 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 Percent Point* change 2016-2020
United States 33.48 36.66 39.91 35.64 34.01 0.53
Brazil 10.73 7.99 8.69 12.07 18.75 8.02
Greece 11.90 12.15 11.43 21.42 17.86 5.96
Azerbaijan 0.24 1.53 3.71 6.07 6.73 6.49
Mexico 0.00 0.00 0.09 2.44 4.55 4.55
Tajikistan 3.49 3.25 5.19 3.83 3.79 0.30
Sudan 2.20 3.34 3.30 3.06 3.02 0.82
Syrian Arab Republic 1.63 0.81 0.92 0.09 1.70 0.07
Uzbekistan 2.89 2.92 1.69 1.55 1.35 −1.54
Kyrgyzstan 0.71 0.64 0.86 1.13 1.32 0.61

Source: Global Trade Tracker, 2021

*Percent Point change: difference between 2020 and 2016 values

Canada's cotton supply gap to MENA, Can$ million
Country 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 CAGR* % 2016-2020
Imports from the World 2,214.3 2,862.3 2,577.1 2,546.5 2,484.8 2.92
Import from Canada 0.3
Supply gap 2,214.30 2,862.0 2,577.1 2,546.5 2,484.8 2.92

Source: Global Trade Tracker, 2021

*CAGR: Compound Annual Growth Rate

8. Palm Oil(HS 1511)

MENA's top ten suppliers of palm oil, Can$ million
Country 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 CAGR* % 2016-2020
World 3141.4 3407.5 3203.7 2486.5 2267.3 −7.83
Indonesia 1558.8 1581.0 1520.9 1453.7 1155.6 −7.21
Malaysia 1172.0 1415.2 1207.7 735.9 903.2 −6.31
Oman 143.6 103.5 75.5 103.7 90.9 −10.80
United Arab Emirates 87.6 72.1 62.2 59.4 69.4 −5.66
Singapore 148.6 178.7 277.5 72.1 16.4 −42.36
Guatemala 0.0 10.5 2.8 7.4 9.5 −3.28
Egypt 4.6 5.1 4.9 0.8 5.5 4.57
Honduras 0.0 0.0 0.0 3.4 4.3 26.47
Saudi Arabia 6.5 6.1 14.8 23.6 4.2 −10.34
Netherlands 2.5 1.8 2.3 1.8 2.1 −4.27
Canada (70th) 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

Source: Global Trade Tracker, 2021

*CAGR: Compound Annual Growth Rate

MENA's top ten suppliers of palm oil, % share
Country 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 PP* change 2016-2020
Indonesia 49.62 46.40 47.47 58.46 50.97 1.35
Malaysia 37.31 41.53 37.70 29.60 39.84 2.53
Oman 4.57 3.04 2.36 4.17 4.01 −0.56
United Arab Emirates 2.79 2.12 1.94 2.39 3.06 0.27
Singapore 4.73 5.24 8.66 2.90 0.72 −4.01
Guatemala 0.00 0.31 0.09 0.30 0.42 0.42
Egypt 0.15 0.15 0.15 0.03 0.24 0.09
Honduras 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.14 0.19 0.19
Saudi Arabia 0.21 0.18 0.46 0.95 0.19 −0.02
Netherlands 0.08 0.05 0.07 0.07 0.09 0.01

Source: Global Trade Tracker, 2021

*Percent Point change: difference between 2020 and 2016 values

Canada's palm oil supply gap to MENA, Can$ million
Category 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 CAGR* % 2016-2020
Imports from the World 3141.4 3407.5 3203.7 2486.5 2267.3 −7.83
Imports from Canada 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Supply gap 3141.4 3407.5 3203.7 2486.5 2267.3 −7.83

Source: Global Trade Tracker, 2021

*CAGR: Compound Annual Growth Rate

9. Cane or beet sugar (HS 1701)

MENA's top ten suppliers of cane or beet sugar, Can$ million
Country 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 CAGR* % 2016-2020
World 5,038.9 7,505.9 5,119.6 3,227.5 2,214.8 −18.58
Brazil 2,694.5 4,824.2 3,221.0 1,862.4 1,360.0 −15.71
Algeria 166.0 158.3 150.4 152.8 176.4 1.53
India 230.5 205.4 145.2 257.1 137.6 −12.10
Saudi Arabia 154.4 134.1 104.0 107.0 100.0 −10.29
Poland 36.6 60.8 125.6 112.7 86.2 23.88
United Arab Emirates 372.8 438.7 126.1 61.3 76.4 −32.72
France 142.9 204.0 362.8 115.5 45.6 −24.84
Netherlands 21.8 37.1 62.2 44.7 39.9 16.31
Belgium 38.1 85.2 106.2 41.5 36.0 −1.41
Germany 160.7 118.3 124.9 63.7 30.6 −33.94
Canada (113th) 0.2 0.2

Source: Global Trade Tracker, 2021

*CAGR: Compound Annual Growth Rate

MENA's top ten suppliers of cane or beet sugar, % share
Country 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 Percent Point* change 2016-2020
Brazil 53.47 64.27 62.92 57.70 61.41 7.94
Algeria 3.29 2.11 2.94 4.73 7.96 4.67
India 4.57 2.74 2.84 7.97 6.21 1.64
Saudi Arabia 3.06 1.79 2.03 3.32 4.52 1.46
Poland 0.73 0.81 2.45 3.49 3.89 3.16
United Arab Emirates 7.40 5.84 2.46 1.90 3.45 −3.95
France 2.84 2.72 7.09 3.58 2.06 −0.78
Netherlands 0.43 0.49 1.21 1.38 1.80 1.37
Belgium 0.76 1.14 2.07 1.29 1.63 0.87
Germany 3.19 1.58 2.44 1.97 1.38 −1.81

Source: Global Trade Tracker, 2021

*Percent Point change: difference between 2020 and 2016 values

Canada's cane or beet sugar supply gap to MENA, Can$ million
Category 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 CAGR* % 2016-2020
Imports from the World 5,038.9 7,505.9 5,119.6 3,227.5 2,214.8 −18.58
Imports from Canada 0.2 0.2
Supply gap 5,038.90 7,505.70 5,119.40 3,227.50 2,214.80 −18.58

Source: Global Trade Tracker, 2021

*CAGR: Compound Annual Growth Rate

10. Poultry and fowl meat (HS 0207)

MENA's top ten suppliers of poultry and fowl meat, Can$ million
Country 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 CAGR* % 2016-2020
World 4,608.3 4,236.6 3,823.9 3,759.9 2,204.8 −16.83
Brazil 3,411.5 2,947.9 2,566.4 2,607.8 1,503.6 −18.52
Ukraine 61.7 66.7 119.6 210.7 167.9 28.44
France 322.7 251.3 230.0 175.6 145.3 −18.08
United States 219.0 220.5 176.6 154.6 59.9 −27.68
Argentina 44.0 26.8 34.3 69.8 51.3 3.91
Saudi Arabia 220.7 194.5 117.4 115.4 50.1 −30.97
United Arab Emirates 83.2 239.6 226.1 113.7 43.4 −15.02
Russian Federation 5.5 5.8 14.1 50.1 37.7 61.81
Turkey 62.6 81.6 141.4 73.7 36.9 −12.38
Hungary 21.8 19.6 36.7 30.3 25.3 3.79
Canada (36th) 0.8 0.3 0.1 −40.54

Source: Global Trade Tracker, 2021

*CAGR: Compound Annual Growth Rate

MENA's top ten suppliers of poultry and fowl meat, % share
Country 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 Percent Point* change 2016-2020
Brazil 74.03 69.58 67.11 69.36 68.20 −5.83
Ukraine 1.34 1.57 3.13 5.60 7.62 6.28
France 7.00 5.93 6.01 4.67 6.59 −0.41
United States 4.75 5.20 4.62 4.11 2.72 −2.03
Argentina 0.95 0.63 0.90 1.86 2.33 1.38
Saudi Arabia 4.79 4.59 3.07 3.07 2.27 −2.52
United Arab Emirates 1.81 5.66 5.91 3.02 1.97 0.16
Russian Federation 0.12 0.14 0.37 1.33 1.71 1.59
Turkey 1.36 1.93 3.70 1.96 1.67 0.31
Hungary 0.47 0.46 0.96 0.81 1.15 0.68

Source: Global Trade Tracker, 2021

*Percent Point change: difference between 2020 and 2016 values

Canada's Poultry and fowl meat supply gap to MENA, Can$ million
Category 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 CAGR* % 2015-2019
Imports from the World 4,608.3 4,236.6 3,823.9 3,759.9 2,204.8 −16.83
Imports from Canada 0.8 0.3 0.1 −40.54
Supply gap 4,607.5 4,236.3 3,823.9 3,759.9 2,204.7 −16.83

Source: Global Trade Tracker, 2021

*CAGR: Compound Annual Growth Rate

11. Milk and cream (HS 0402)

MENA's top ten suppliers of milk and cream, Can$ million
Country 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 CAGR* % 2016-2020
World 4,682.5 5,493.0 5,133.2 2,982.2 2,054.1 −18.62
New Zealand 1,275.1 1,564.1 1,271.9 745.4 362.0 −27.01
Netherlands 718.7 777.7 579.4 454.6 303.3 −19.40
United Arab Emirates 586.7 663.4 673.7 339.8 299.6 −15.47
Germany 251.0 318.0 266.3 228.0 197.1 −5.86
United States 37.2 38.1 41.4 42.9 110.0 31.13
Oman 97.2 108.5 113.2 108.0 97.6 0.10
France 287.2 379.4 258.4 111.6 89.3 −25.33
Denmark 193.5 133.0 175.0 104.2 82.4 −19.22
Belgium 116.7 224.3 218.4 96.2 68.2 −12.57
Saudi Arabia 220.6 287.8 259.6 200.8 60.7 −27.57
Canada (11th) 22.0 63.1 68.4 35.3 43.6 18.65

Source: Global Trade Tracker, 2021

*CAGR: Compound Annual Growth Rate

MENA's top ten suppliers of milk and cream, % share
Country 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 Percent Point* change 2016-2020
New Zealand 27.23 28.47 24.78 24.99 17.62 −9.61
Netherlands 15.35 14.16 11.29 15.24 14.77 −0.58
United Arab Emirates 12.53 12.08 13.12 11.39 14.59 2.06
Germany 5.36 5.79 5.19 7.65 9.60 4.24
United States 0.79 0.69 0.81 1.44 5.36 4.57
Oman 2.08 1.98 2.21 3.62 4.75 2.67
France 6.13 6.91 5.03 3.74 4.35 −1.78
Denmark 4.13 2.42 3.41 3.49 4.01 −0.12
Belgium 2.49 4.08 4.25 3.23 3.32 0.83
Saudi Arabia 4.71 5.24 5.06 6.73 2.96 −1.75

Source: Global Trade Tracker, 2021

*Percent Point change: difference between 2020 and 2016 values

Canada's milk and cream supply gap to MENA, Can$ million
Category 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 CAGR* % 2016-2020
Imports from the World 4,682.5 5,493.0 5,133.2 2,982.2 2,054.1 −18.62
Imports from Canada 22.0 63.1 68.4 35.3 43.6 18.65
Supply gap 4,660.5 5,429.9 5,064.8 2,946.9 2,010.5 −18.96

Source: Global Trade Tracker, 2021

*CAGR: Compound Annual Growth Rate

12. Baked Goods (HS 1905)

MENA's top ten suppliers of baked goods, Can$ million
Country 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 CAGR* % 2016-2020
World 2,689.6 2,592.8 2,606.8 2,458.5 1,892.1 −8.42
United Arab Emirates 249.9 318.9 283.0 211.7 219.9 −3.15
Italy 218.3 202.8 222.5 207.3 179.1 −4.83
Turkey 206.2 201.6 253.5 203.5 140.2 −9.19
United States 166.9 158.9 129.7 171.5 135.9 −5.01
Poland 95.0 81.6 104.7 111.8 111.6 4.11
Belgium 133.8 105.5 133.0 122.5 100.5 −6.90
Spain 64.5 64.6 65.8 62.8 95.7 10.37
Bahrain 27.0 26.3 85.4 103.6 88.5 34.55
United Kingdom 114.2 119.0 115.8 115.3 75.3 −9.89
Oman 212.8 168.2 124.5 118.5 68.1 −24.79
Canada (37th) 17.6 13.5 11.1 11.1 5.8 −24.23

Source: Global Trade Tracker, 2021

*CAGR: Compound Annual Growth Rate

MENA's top ten suppliers of baked goods, % share
Country 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 Percent Point* change 2016-2020
United Arab Emirates 9.29 12.30 10.86 8.61 11.62 2.33
Italy 8.12 7.82 8.54 8.43 9.47 1.35
Turkey 7.67 7.78 9.72 8.28 7.41 −0.26
United States 6.21 6.13 4.98 6.98 7.18 0.97
Poland 3.53 3.15 4.02 4.55 5.90 2.37
Belgium 4.97 4.07 5.10 4.98 5.31 0.34
Spain 2.40 2.49 2.52 2.55 5.06 2.66
Bahrain 1.00 1.01 3.28 4.21 4.68 3.68
United Kingdom 4.25 4.59 4.44 4.69 3.98 −0.27
Oman 7.91 6.49 4.78 4.82 3.60 −4.31

Source: Global Trade Tracker, 2021

*Percent Point change: difference between 2020 and 2016 values

Canada's baked goods supply gap to MENA, Can$ million
Category 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 CAGR* % 2016-2020
Imports from the World 2,689.6 2,592.8 2,606.8 2,458.5 1,892.1 −8.42
Imports from Canada 17.6 13.5 11.1 11.1 5.8 −24.23
Supply gap 2,672.0 2,579.3 2,595.7 2,447.4 1,886.3 −8.34

Source: Global Trade Tracker, 2021

*CAGR: Compound Annual Growth Rate

13. Cheese and curd (HS0406)

MENA's top ten suppliers of cheese and curd, Can$ million
Country 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 CAGR* % 2016-2020
World 2,880.2 2,821.8 2,716.1 2,235.9 1,883.7 −10.07
Denmark 282.2 289.5 306.6 310.0 253.0 −2.69
Poland 206.2 225.8 200.3 176.5 185.1 −2.66
Netherlands 212.3 173.4 173.3 139.4 157.1 −7.25
Egypt 270.4 213.8 196.9 142.8 142.9 −14.74
Ireland 152.9 145.7 151.0 116.1 127.9 −4.37
New Zealand 171.6 165.3 191.6 160.3 106.5 −11.24
France 191.1 191.4 157.6 128.8 97.3 −15.53
United States 119.8 132.8 141.9 171.6 91.0 −6.64
Bahrain 167.3 144.7 111.7 108.7 78.9 −17.13
Germany 110.4 112.3 101.6 70.9 69.7 −10.86
Canada (29th) 12.9 13.7 14.0 12.4 9.0 −8.61

Source: Global Trade Tracker, 2021

*CAGR: Compound Annual Growth Rate

MENA's top ten suppliers of cheese and curd, % share
Country 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 Percent Point* change 2016-2020
Denmark 9.80 10.26 11.29 13.86 13.43 3.63
Poland 7.16 8.00 7.37 7.89 9.83 2.67
Netherlands 7.37 6.15 6.38 6.23 8.34 0.97
Egypt 9.39 7.58 7.25 6.39 7.59 −1.80
Ireland 5.31 5.16 5.56 5.19 6.79 1.48
New Zealand 5.96 5.86 7.05 7.17 5.65 −0.31
France 6.63 6.78 5.80 5.76 5.17 −1.46
United States 4.16 4.71 5.22 7.67 4.83 0.67
Bahrain 5.81 5.13 4.11 4.86 4.19 −1.62
Germany 3.83 3.98 3.74 3.17 3.70 −0.13

Source: Global Trade Tracker, 2021

*Percent Point change: difference between 2020 and 2016 values

Canada's cheese and curd supply gap to MENA, Can$ million
Category 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 CAGR* % 2016-2020
Imports from the World 2,880.2 2,821.8 2,716.1 2,235.9 1,883.7 −10.07
Imports from Canada 12.9 13.7 14.0 12.4 9.0 −8.61
Supply gap 2,867.3 2,808.1 2,702.1 2,223.5 1,874.7 −10.08

Source: Global Trade Tracker, 2021

*CAGR: Compound Annual Growth Rate

14. Dried leguminous vegetables (HS0713)

MENA's top ten suppliers of dried leguminous vegetables, Can$ million
Country 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 CAGR* % 2016-2020
World 3,302.5 3,645.7 2,617.2 1,907.6 1,756.5 −14.60
Canada 997.3 812.0 547.3 397.8 580.3 −12.66
Australia 252.1 517.4 248.5 297.2 222.1 −3.12
United Arab Emirates 343.3 387.9 282.2 122.6 99.9 −26.55
Argentina 165.1 207.2 133.7 83.6 89.8 −14.12
Russian Federation 198.1 240.8 133.8 119.7 80.4 −20.18
Mexico 138.6 224.1 107.0 61.0 72.9 −14.84
United Kingdom 157.1 71.6 52.6 75.4 72.7 −17.52
Lithuania 80.1 39.0 116.2 49.0 72.3 −2.53
Turkey 100.8 101.0 133.8 59.8 57.5 −13.09
India 120.4 125.5 161.6 50.0 43.2 −22.60

Source: Global Trade Tracker, 2021

*CAGR: Compound Annual Growth Rate

MENA's top ten suppliers of dried leguminous vegetables, % share
Country 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 *PP changes 2016-2020
Canada 30.20 22.27 20.91 20.85 33.04 2.84
Australia 7.63 14.19 9.49 15.58 12.64 5.01
United Arab Emirates 10.40 10.64 10.78 6.43 5.69 −4.71
Argentina 5.00 5.68 5.11 4.38 5.11 0.11
Russian Federation 6.00 6.61 5.11 6.27 4.58 −1.42
Mexico 4.20 6.15 4.09 3.20 4.15 −0.05
United Kingdom 4.76 1.96 2.01 3.95 4.14 −0.62
Lithuania 2.43 1.07 4.44 2.57 4.12 1.69
Turkey 3.05 2.77 5.11 3.13 3.27 0.22
India 3.65 3.44 6.17 2.62 2.46 −1.19

Source: Global Trade Tracker, 2021

*Percent Point change: difference between 2020 and 2016 values

Canada's dried leguminous vegetables supply gap to MENA, Can$ million
Category 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 CAGR* % 2016-2020
Imports from the World 3,302.5 3,645.7 2,617.2 1,907.6 1,756.5 −14.60
Imports from Canada 997.3 812.0 547.3 397.8 580.3 −12.66
Supply gap 2,305.2 2,833.7 2,069.9 1,509.8 1,176.2 −15.48

Source: Global Trade Tracker, 2021

*CAGR: Compound Annual Growth Rate

15. Live bovine animals (HS1001)

MENA's top ten suppliers of live bovine animals, Can$ million
Country 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 CAGR* % 2016-2020
World 2,235.9 2,912.0 3,842.5 1,639.8 1,740.7 −6.07
Brazil 203.9 387.7 1,014.1 373.2 313.8 11.38
Spain 262.2 346.9 433.2 38.3 207.5 −5.68
Portugal 75.3 100.3 108.8 109.2 161.0 20.92
Colombia 61.5 34.5 60.0 3.6 137.9 22.37
Romania 131.2 159.1 173.4 100.3 134.7 0.66
Uruguay 212.8 433.5 553.7 302.7 122.0 −12.98
Hungary 167.4 218.0 238.1 95.4 117.9 −8.39
Croatia 51.3 55.9 74.9 8.0 69.0 7.69
Germany 167.4 171.8 129.8 36.4 68.2 −20.11
Czech Republic 68.4 172.0 150.3 100.1 68.1 −0.11
Canada (25th) 0.8 4.6 475.00

Source: Global Trade Tracker, 2021

*CAGR: Compound Annual Growth Rate

MENA's top ten suppliers of live bovine animals, % share
Country 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 Percent Point* change 2016-2020
Brazil 9.12 13.31 26.39 22.76 18.03 8.91
Spain 11.73 11.91 11.27 2.34 11.92 0.19
Portugal 3.37 3.44 2.83 6.66 9.25 5.88
Colombia 2.75 1.18 1.56 0.22 7.92 5.17
Romania 5.87 5.46 4.51 6.12 7.74 1.87
Uruguay 9.52 14.89 14.41 18.46 7.01 −2.51
Hungary 7.49 7.49 6.20 5.82 6.77 −0.72
Croatia 2.29 1.92 1.95 0.49 3.96 1.67
Germany 7.49 5.90 3.38 2.22 3.92 −3.57
Czech Republic 3.06 5.91 3.91 6.10 3.91 0.85

Source: Global Trade Tracker, 2021

*Percent Point change: difference between 2020 and 2016 values

Canada's live bovine animals supply gap to MENA, Can$ million
Category 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 CAGR* % 2016-2020
Imports from the World 2,235.9 2,912.0 3,842.5 1,639.8 1,740.7 −6.07
Imports from Canada 0.8 4.6 475.00
Supply gap 2,235.90 2,912.00 3,842.50 1,639.00 1,736.10 −6.13

Source: Global Trade Tracker, 2021

*CAGR: Compound Annual Growth Rate

For more information

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For additional information on trade shows the Middle East and Northern Africa, please contact:

Ben Berry, Deputy Director
Trade Show Strategy and Delivery
Agriculture and agri-food Canada
ben.berry@agr.gc.ca

Resources

  • Global Trade Tracker, 2021

Competitive Trade Analysis – Agri-food and seafood trends in the Middle East and Northern Africa
Global Analysis Report

Prepared by: Jason Moors, Student Market Analyst

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