Statistical Overview of the Canadian Field Vegetable Industry, 2022

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Overview

This report provides a statistical overview of the vegetable industry including the number of farms, total farm area, production, farm gate value (FGV), consumption and trade in the sector. It focuses on field vegetables. Separate reports for potatoes, greenhouse vegetables and mushrooms are prepared annually.

Canada's field vegetable production volume increased by 3.7% over 2021 to more than 2.3 million metric tons in 2022, largely due to increased production of commodities such as field tomatoes (+2.7%) and dry onions (+17.8%). By volume, field tomatoes comprise the largest proportion of field vegetable production (22.5%), followed by carrots (14.8%) and dry onions (12.2%).

Ontario remained the largest producing province, accounting for more than 56% of Canada's total production of field vegetables in 2022, followed by Quebec with over 32%. British Columbia, Nova Scotia and Alberta each contributed roughly 3% to total production, while other field vegetable producing provinces each accounted for less 1% of Canada's total production. Despite drought conditions in July 2022, Ontario's total field vegetable production increased by 5.5% over 2021. Quebec producers noted that heavy rains negatively affected some crops like broccoli, cabbage, lettuce and carrots, with other crops having fared well, with overall total production having grown by 2.5% in 2022 over 2021. In British Columbia, total production rose by 2.3% in 2022, as growing conditions were generally more favourable than in 2021. Total production across the Atlantic provinces fell in 2022 compared to 2021 as the impacts of Hurricane Fiona came at harvest time.

Total farm gate value of Canadian field vegetables jumped 11.2% to $1.57 billion in 2022, with the increase mainly attributed to higher yields and farm gate sales. By commodity, notable farm gate value increases in 2022 included dry onions (+32.6%), lettuce (+19.8%) and carrots (+10.5%). The combined farm gate values for dry onions, carrots, tomatoes, cabbage, lettuce, and peppers comprised nearly 50% of the total value of field vegetables grown in Canada last year. In 2022, dry onions recorded the highest farm gate value ($157.2 million), followed by carrots ($153.9 million), tomatoes ($128.4 million), cabbage ($117.8 million) and lettuce ($101.8 million).

Dry onions showed strong growth in terms of production and value in 2022. Dry onions represent Canada's most important field vegetable crop in terms of value ($157.2 million in 2022) and third-most important in terms of production volume (287,499 metric tons in 2022). Planted area for dry onions in 2022 (5,979 hectares) decreased by 1.0% compared to 2021 (6,041 hectares). Dry onions are mainly produced in Quebec (46%), Ontario (37%) and Alberta (10%). As noted earlier, total production of dry onions increased by 17.8% in 2022 over 2021, while overall farm gate value increased by 32.6%.

In 2022, carrots were Canada's second-most important field vegetable crop in terms of value ($153.9 million), along with being the second-most important in terms of total production volume (348,135 metric tons), and the third-most significant crop in terms of planted area (9,550 hectares). Planted area decreased by 1.3% in 2022 compared to 2021. The majority of carrot production takes place in Ontario (46%), Quebec (34%) and Nova Scotia (14%). Total production of carrots in 2022 experienced a decline (−2.0%) over the previous year, although overall farm gate value grew by 10.5%.

Canada's most important field vegetable crop in terms of total production volume continues to be field tomatoes (528,938 metric tons in 2022). Field tomatoes are also the third-most important crop in terms of value ($128.4 million in 2022), with production being heavily concentrated in Ontario (98%). The majority of Canada's production of field tomatoes (92%) is destined for the processing market. In 2022, total acreage for field tomatoes (6,216 hectares) decreased by 4.7% over 2021, however, total production increased by 2.7% and farm gate value increased by 9.6%.

Based on increased domestic production, price inflation and growth in demand for certain field vegetables, total Canadian field vegetable export values grew by 34.3% in 2022 over the previous year to $1.02 billion. This surge was driven by increases in export values for various commodities, including cucumbers and gherkins (+250.5%), onions and shallots (+58.8%) and lettuce (+39.3%). The United States remained Canada's largest purchaser, importing 95.9% of Canada's total field vegetable exports in terms of value.

Due to its geographical location and short growing season, Canada is highly dependent on imports to satisfy domestic demand for vegetables throughout the year. Canada's field vegetable trade deficit was $2.97 billion in 2022. As the fourth-largest fresh vegetable importer worldwide by value, Canada imported more than $3.9 billion in field vegetables in 2022, increasing by 10.6% over 2021. More than $2.4 billion in field vegetable imports (62.2%) were sourced from the United States. Mexico was the second-largest source of Canadian imports, with over $909 million (22.8%) in import value. The top imported field vegetables in terms of value included lettuce (17.9% of all field vegetable imports), onions and shallots (8.1%), cauliflowers and headed broccoli (7.9%), cabbages (7.6%), and tomatoes (5.9%).

1. Production

1.1. Number of field vegetable farmsTable 1.1 note [1]Table 1.1 note [2] by province

  2011 2016 2021 2021 %
Share
Newfoundland and Labrador 87 73 73 1.8%
Prince Edward Island 37 48 43 1.0%
Nova Scotia 127 170 132 3.2%
New Brunswick 87 92 78 1.9%
Quebec 750 981 1,035 25.1%
Ontario 1,361 1,709 1,430 34.7%
Manitoba 90 119 107 2.6%
Saskatchewan 47 82 70 1.7%
Alberta 128 174 164 4.0%
British Columbia 785 1,061 993 24.1%
Canada 3,499 4,509 4,125 100.0%

Notes:

Table 1.1 note [1]

Number of farms includes all farms reported to be growing field vegetables and on which field vegetable production represents 50% or more of total farm cash receipts.

Return to table 1.1 note [1] referrer

Table 1.1 note [2]

Includes melons.

Return to table 1.1 note [2] referrer

Source: Statistics Canada. Table 32-10-0166-01  Farms classified by farm type, Census of Agriculture historical data

1.2. Planted area of field vegetables by commodity (hectares)

  2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2022 %
Share
Corn, sweet 17,552 17,516 17,405 17,725 17,094 15.7%
Peas, green 11,388 11,493 12,272 11,099 12,186 11.2%
CarrotsTable 1.2 note [1] 8,344 8,461 9,198 9,677 9,550 8.8%
Beans, green or wax 8,477 8,092 8,485 7,588 8,820 8.1%
CabbageTable 1.2 note [2] 5,911 5,600 5,982 6,410 6,410 5.9%
Tomatoes 6,559 6,216 6,272 6,523 6,216 5.7%
Dry onions 5,624 5,702 5,936 6,041 5,979 5.5%
Pumpkins 3,197 3,275 3,854 4,714 5,206 4.8%
Broccoli 4,571 4,550 4,323 4,350 4,147 3.8%
LettuceTable 1.2 note [3] 3,931 3,902 3,367 3,420 3,862 3.6%
Squash and zucchinis 3,217 3,042 2,998 3,377 3,429 3.2%
Asparagus 2,319 2,431 2,438 2,411 2,736 2.5%
Cucumbers and gherkins 2,433 2,465 2,382 2,518 2,623 2.4%
Peppers 2,514 2,262 2,441 2,462 2,388 2.2%
Cauliflowers 1,921 1,882 1,896 2,024 1,953 1.8%
Beets 1,758 1,817 2,011 2,144 1,910 1.8%
Rutabagas and turnips 1,531 1,524 1,593 1,652 1,559 1.4%
RadishesTable 1.2 note [4] 1,143 1,061 1,244 1,203 1,201 1.1%
Sweet potatoes 726 811 808 1,008 1,138 1.0%
Garlic 641 566 850 948 948 0.9%
Spinach 728 707 619 853 902 0.8%
Shallots and green onions 754 806 671 801 888 0.8%
Celery 803 781 795 894 886 0.8%
Watermelons 696 719 668 767 811 0.7%
Brussels sprouts 669 650 675 745 788 0.7%
Other melons 505 465 428 466 476 0.4%
Leeks 337 350 352 359 351 0.3%
Other fine herbs 294 337 322 344 347 0.3%
Parsnips 368 349 350 271 264 0.2%
Eggplants 223 241 215 230 245 0.2%
Rhubarb 216 198 193 222 196 0.2%
Parsley 153 134 127 156 169 0.2%
Other vegetables 4,410 3,888 3,222 2,929 2,946 2.7%
TotalTable 1.2 note [5] 103,914 102,292 104,393 106,334 108,624 100.0%

Notes:

Table 1.2 note [1]

Includes baby carrots and regular carrots.

Return to table 1.2 note [1] referrer

Table 1.2 note [2]

Includes regular cabbage, kale and Chinese cabbage.

Return to table 1.2 note [2] referrer

Table 1.2 note [3]

Includes leaf lettuce, head lettuce and mixed lettuce.

Return to table 1.2 note [3] referrer

Table 1.2 note [4]

Includes Asian radishes.

Return to table 1.2 note [4] referrer

Table 1.2 note [5]

Totals may not add up as some data was suppressed to meet confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act.

Return to table 1.2 note [5] referrer

Source: Statistics Canada. Table 32-10-0365-01 Area, production and farm gate value of vegetables

1.3. Planted area of field vegetablesTable 1.3 note [1] by province (hectares)

  2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2022 %
Share
Newfoundland and Labrador 265 260 264 279 259 0.2%
Prince Edward Island 964 904 871 868 757 0.7%
Nova Scotia 2,160 2,223 2,260 2,228 2,196 2.0%
New Brunswick 594 556 526 603 589 0.5%
Quebec 37,473 37,862 38,567 39,001 40,342 37.1%
Ontario 50,945 49,295 50,880 51,663 53,361 49.1%
Manitoba 1,612 1,524 1,455 1,437 1,294 1.2%
Saskatchewan 331 326 376 390 464 0.4%
Alberta 3,776 3,762 3,974 4,140 4,043 3.7%
British Columbia 5,796 5,579 5,219 5,725 5,320 4.9%
CanadaTable 1.3 note [2] 103,914 102,292 104,393 106,334 108,624 100.0%

Notes:

Table 1.3 note [1]

Includes melons.

Return to table 1.3 note [1] referrer

Table 1.3 note [2]

Totals may not add up as some data was suppressed to meet confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act.

Return to table 1.3 note [2] referrer

Source: Statistics Canada. Table 32-10-0365-01 Area, production and farm gate value of vegetables

1.4. Production volume of field vegetables by commodity (metric tons)

  2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2022 %
Share
Tomatoes 497,438 490,286 492,072 515,013 528,938 22.5%
CarrotsTable 1.4 note [1] 361,539 362,984 360,226 355,271 348,135 14.8%
Dry onions 241,619 250,847 232,800 244,015 287,499 12.2%
Corn, sweet 189,691 189,554 197,966 195,786 201,028 8.5%
CabbageTable 1.4 note [2] 170,141 163,881 169,512 175,280 183,055 7.8%
Pumpkins 76,042 75,925 96,938 84,005 86,785 3.7%
LettuceTable 1.4 note [3] 85,755 84,902 66,813 75,612 82,993 3.5%
Peppers 66,945 63,438 67,747 69,815 68,846 2.9%
Cucumbers and gherkins 57,295 59,344 57,655 57,720 60,721 2.6%
Beets 43,298 46,325 48,403 56,339 49,997 2.1%
Beans, green or wax 56,268 58,417 52,270 45,240 48,254 2.1%
Squash and zucchinis 56,064 53,877 49,496 45,035 48,210 2.0%
Peas, green 45,531 48,662 50,178 42,251 46,927 2.0%
Rutabagas and turnips 47,138 45,737 45,077 43,016 42,722 1.8%
Broccoli 42,427 42,313 38,250 40,709 36,034 1.5%
Watermelons 30,548 32,942 33,562 34,780 35,012 1.5%
Celery 32,414 32,441 30,758 32,756 31,732 1.3%
Cauliflowers 28,996 31,598 29,794 30,659 29,442 1.3%
Shallots and green onions 15,592 16,269 13,716 14,210 18,999 0.8%
Sweet potatoes 12,935 13,690 10,911 14,797 16,883 0.7%
RadishesTable 1.4 note [4] 15,802 15,618 15,167 15,752 15,745 0.7%
Other melons 14,259 12,472 11,058 10,939 10,804 0.5%
Asparagus 8,963 10,235 7,761 8,936 9,938 0.4%
Brussels sprouts 6,331 6,394 6,541 5,686 6,874 0.3%
Spinach 4,832 4,607 4,154 6,406 6,677 0.3%
Leeks 6,127 6,413 6,713 6,785 6,647 0.3%
Parsnips 7,137 6,264 6,078 5,638 6,032 0.3%
Eggplants 3,248 3,475 3,383 3,028 3,806 0.2%
Other fine herbs 1,084 1,580 1,971 2,227 2,218 0.1%
Garlic 1,490 1,248 1,840 1,938 1,973 0.1%
Parsley 2,507 1,898 1,814 1,799 1,791 0.1%
Rhubarb 1,680 1,656 1,281 1,423 1,250 0.1%
Other vegetables 34,788 35,837 33,035 26,750 27,656 1.2%
TotalTable 1.4 note [5] 2,265,925 2,271,130 2,244,939 2,269,618 2,353,623 100.0%

Notes:

Table 1.4 note [1]

Includes baby carrots and regular carrots.

Return to table 1.4 note [1] referrer

Table 1.4 note [2]

Includes regular cabbage, kale and Chinese cabbage.

Return to table 1.4 note [2] referrer

Table 1.4 note [3]

Includes leaf lettuce, head lettuce and mixed lettuce.

Return to table 1.4 note [3] referrer

Table 1.4 note [4]

Includes Asian radishes.

Return to table 1.4 note [4] referrer

Table 1.4 note [5]

Totals may not add up as some data was suppressed to meet confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act.

Return to table 1.4 note [5] referrer

Source: Statistics Canada. Table 32-10-0365-01 Area, production and farm gate value of vegetables

1.5. Production volumeTable 1.5 note [1] of field vegetables by province (metric tons)

  2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2022 %
Share
Newfoundland and Labrador 3,484 3,333 3,265 3,470 2,895 0.1%
Prince Edward Island 24,678 24,145 24,804 19,993 13,760 0.6%
Nova Scotia 56,297 57,655 68,421 73,406 70,280 3.0%
New Brunswick 6,437 7,800 6,839 8,182 7,503 0.3%
Quebec 698,481 704,491 665,215 744,153 762,758 32.4%
Ontario 1,300,680 1,306,839 1,310,972 1,265,530 1,335,631 56.7%
Manitoba 28,573 27,356 25,875 22,790 22,123 0.9%
Saskatchewan 3,416 3,972 3,595 3,137 3,520 0.1%
Alberta 59,124 54,645 59,016 59,091 63,702 2.7%
British Columbia 84,755 80,894 76,936 69,865 71,451 3.0%
CanadaTable 1.5 note [2] 2,265,925 2,271,130 2,244,939 2,269,618 2,353,623 100.0%

Notes:

Table 1.5 note [1]

Includes melons.

Return to table 1.5 note [1] referrer

Table 1.5 note [2]

Totals may not add up as some data was suppressed to meet confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act.

Return to table 1.5 note [2] referrer

Source: Statistics Canada. Table 32-10-0365-01  Area, production and farm gate value of vegetables

1.6. Farm gate valueTable 1.6 note [1] of field vegetables by commodity (CAN$ '000)

  2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2022 %
Share
Dry onions 101,940 112,449 115,651 118,572 157,182 10.0%
CarrotsTable 1.6 note [2] 129,170 139,818 136,105 139,265 153,857 9.8%
Tomatoes 106,820 109,857 116,706 117,162 128,376 8.2%
CabbageTable 1.6 note [3] 91,237 87,945 99,755 107,715 117,819 7.5%
LettuceTable 1.6 note [4] 81,844 82,370 77,971 84,967 101,818 6.5%
Peppers 68,632 74,405 82,162 87,575 92,626 5.9%
Corn, sweet 76,193 78,373 84,272 84,781 90,175 5.7%
Broccoli 75,850 79,364 77,937 84,679 78,973 5.0%
Squash and zucchinis 40,538 42,164 46,113 50,996 54,936 3.5%
Cucumbers and gherkins 33,771 37,491 39,509 46,413 49,547 3.2%
Asparagus 38,094 45,130 41,726 42,875 48,678 3.1%
Shallots and green onions 30,851 32,686 32,488 31,852 46,576 3.0%
Beans, green or wax 35,620 39,159 39,803 35,662 45,879 2.9%
Cauliflowers 32,475 36,670 36,650 39,541 38,334 2.4%
Pumpkins 27,944 32,101 36,226 33,085 36,802 2.3%
Rutabagas and turnips 28,872 31,297 31,155 31,279 32,656 2.1%
Peas, green 22,127 23,969 25,585 23,262 27,522 1.8%
Celery 17,816 19,896 22,150 25,178 24,746 1.6%
Beets 18,734 19,037 20,708 20,893 24,052 1.5%
RadishesTable 1.6 note [5] 16,473 19,135 20,836 22,173 23,837 1.5%
Garlic 15,135 14,245 20,815 23,044 23,116 1.5%
Watermelons 11,847 13,649 15,559 17,791 18,322 1.2%
Spinach 10,620 10,355 10,416 15,605 17,136 1.1%
Brussels sprouts 12,593 13,078 14,256 13,326 15,995 1.0%
Sweet potatoes 12,734 13,507 11,526 12,627 15,806 1.0%
Leeks 11,066 12,316 13,685 14,441 14,872 0.9%
Other melons 9,057 8,737 9,012 9,364 9,330 0.6%
Other fine herbs 3,602 5,368 6,410 7,941 7,949 0.5%
Parsnips 8,875 8,179 8,506 6,651 6,032 0.4%
Eggplants 2,927 4,789 5,094 5,524 7,136 0.5%
Parsley 6,080 5,071 5,202 5,260 5,233 0.3%
Rhubarb 2,728 2,809 2,322 3,065 2,817 0.2%
Other vegetables 74,574 48,259 55,432 48,275 48,704 3.1%
TotalTable 1.6 note [6] 1,256,842 1,303,677 1,361,744 1,410,842 1,568,300 100.0%

Notes:

Table 1.6 note [1]

Farm-gate value is the value received by producers at the point of first transaction, when ownership first changes hands. This value excludes any separately billed costs such as delivery, storage, marketing and administration.

Return to table 1.6 note [1] referrer

Table 1.6 note [2]

Includes baby carrots and regular carrots.

Return to table 1.6 note [2] referrer

Table 1.6 note [3]

Includes regular cabbage, kale and Chinese cabbage.

Return to table 1.6 note [3] referrer

Table 1.6 note [4]

Includes leaf lettuce, head lettuce and mixed lettuce.

Return to table 1.6 note [4] referrer

Table 1.6 note [5]

Includes Asian radishes.

Return to table 1.6 note [5] referrer

Table 1.6 note [6]

Totals may not add up as some data was suppressed to meet confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act.

Return to table 1.6 note [6] referrer

Source: Statistics Canada. Table 32-10-0365-01 Area, production and farm gate value of vegetables

1.7. Farm gate valueTable 1.7 note [1] of field vegetables by province (CAN$ '000)

  2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2022 %
Share
Newfoundland and Labrador 4,693 5,110 5,535 6,061 5,290 0.3%
Prince Edward Island 13,475 13,635 13,871 11,939 10,630 0.7%
Nova Scotia 32,748 28,986 30,753 29,697 31,239 2.0%
New Brunswick 7,593 7,836 7,348 9,782 9,439 0.6%
Quebec 456,603 490,124 507,230 572,624 632,439 40.3%
Ontario 551,929 567,328 591,933 582,915 660,620 42.1%
Manitoba 30,341 32,995 33,045 29,630 30,151 1.9%
Saskatchewan 5,628 6,801 6,569 5,960 7,125 0.5%
Alberta 47,927 46,798 52,336 52,843 61,497 3.9%
British Columbia 105,904 104,064 113,122 109,391 119,870 7.6%
CanadaTable 1.7 note [2] 1,256,842 1,303,677 1,361,744 1,410,842 1,568,300 100.0%

Notes:

Table 1.7 note [1]

Farm-gate value is the value received by producers at the point of first transaction, when ownership first changes hands. This value excludes any separately billed costs such as delivery, storage, marketing and administration.

Return to table 1.7 note [1] referrer

Table 1.7 note [2]

Totals may not add up as some data was suppressed to meet confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act.

Return to table 1.7 note [2] referrer

Source: Statistics Canada. Table 32-10-0365-01 Area, production and farm gate value of vegetables

2. Trade

2.1. Canadian field vegetableTable 2.1 note [1]Table 2.1 note [2] trade balance — by value (CAN$ '000)

  2018 2019 2020 2021 2022
Exports 737,952 770,609 722,599 759,635 1,020,190
Imports 3,425,872 3,757,441 3,727,824 3,607,606 3,991,702
Trade balance (exports − imports) −2,687,919 −2,986,832 −3,005,225 −2,847,972 −2,971,513

Notes:

Table 2.1 note [1]

Includes frozen vegetables.

Return to table 2.1 note [1] referrer

Table 2.1 note [2]

Excludes greenhouse vegetables, potatoes and mushrooms.

Return to table 2.1 note [2] referrer

Source: Statistics Canada (CATSNET, April 2023)

2.2. Exports

2.2.1. Canada's field vegetableTable 2.2.1 note [1] exports by commodity — by value (CAN$ '000)

  2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2022 %
Share
Onions and shallots 58,831 55,525 55,922 65,960 104,724 10.3%
LettuceTable 2.2.1 note [2] 60,274 70,857 66,284 69,807 97,227 9.5%
CabbagesTable 2.2.1 note [3] 79,292 68,056 67,118 76,143 87,565 8.6%
Carrots 72,067 71,446 66,610 68,480 84,988 8.3%
Cucumbers and gherkins 25,232 32,309 27,129 18,366 64,380 6.3%
BeansTable 2.2.1 note [4] 58,373 57,205 56,079 52,429 55,278 5.4%
Peppers 38,449 38,964 42,597 33,259 48,604 4.8%
Cauliflowers and headed broccoli 16,608 30,498 19,553 30,299 35,886 3.5%
Sweet potatoes 26,763 30,175 31,230 29,846 34,633 3.4%
Pumpkins, squash and gourds 23,978 27,452 30,456 26,916 34,256 3.4%
Tomatoes 23,500 29,247 28,056 27,261 26,964 2.6%
Sweet cornTable 2.2.1 note [4] 27,376 23,285 22,969 24,423 24,158 2.4%
PeasTable 2.2.1 note [4] 19,737 24,074 21,871 15,508 22,723 2.2%
SpinachTable 2.2.1 note [4] 7,744 7,113 8,870 8,706 22,255 2.2%
Asparagus 8,348 11,973 7,691 10,205 10,711 1.0%
LeeksTable 2.2.1 note [5] 1,884 1,914 2,601 2,861 10,640 1.0%
Aubergines (egg-plants) 6,157 7,527 11,602 7,489 8,186 0.8%
Celery 4,042 4,842 3,315 5,186 8,110 0.8%
Brussels sprouts 3,556 4,054 4,066 2,911 4,101 0.4%
Garlic 695 525 829 996 1,237 0.1%
Turnips 732 784 479 411 752 0.1%
Other vegetablesTable 2.2.1 note [4] 174,315 172,783 147,272 182,174 232,812 22.8%
Total 737,952 770,609 722,599 759,635 1,020,190 100.0%

Notes:

Table 2.2.1 note [1]

Excludes greenhouse vegetables, potatoes and mushrooms.

Return to table 2.2.1 note [1] referrer

Table 2.2.1 note [2]

Includes cabbage lettuce (head lettuce).

Return to table 2.2.1 note [2] referrer

Table 2.2.1 note [3]

Includes kohlrabi and kale and similar edible brassicas.

Return to table 2.2.1 note [3] referrer

Table 2.2.1 note [4]

Includes frozen.

Return to table 2.2.1 note [4] referrer

Table 2.2.1 note [5]

Includes other alliaceous vegetables.

Return to table 2.2.1 note [5] referrer

Source: Statistics Canada. (CATSNET, April 2023)

2.2.2. Canada's field vegetableTable 2.2.2 note [1] exports by commodity — by volume (metric tons)

  2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2022 %
Share
Carrots 93,935 100,824 85,983 91,406 98,579 13.7%
Onions and shallots 66,872 61,485 61,682 61,297 84,322 11.7%
CabbagesTable 2.2.2 note [2] 83,760 71,608 72,010 83,630 79,866 11.1%
Cucumbers and gherkins 30,849 38,763 31,772 25,561 46,282 6.4%
Peppers 39,695 40,740 40,087 32,031 41,529 5.8%
Pumpkins, squash and gourds 32,584 36,836 44,571 37,480 37,201 5.2%
LettuceTable 2.2.2 note [3] 37,744 40,306 32,082 39,239 36,691 5.1%
BeansTable 2.2.2 note [4] 35,200 34,264 34,304 33,634 31,132 4.3%
Cauliflowers and headed broccoli 14,625 23,768 15,410 23,787 24,612 3.4%
Sweet potatoes 36,870 42,236 42,982 40,985 47,102 6.6%
Sweet cornTable 2.2.2 note [4] 19,517 17,297 17,583 18,824 17,461 2.4%
PeasTable 2.2.2 note [4] 11,530 13,645 12,781 10,721 13,951 1.9%
Tomatoes 13,703 13,365 8,309 10,918 11,317 1.6%
Celery 5,506 7,910 4,508 6,317 8,247 1.1%
LeeksTable 2.2.2 note [5] 671 701 951 940 3,318 0.5%
SpinachTable 2.2.2 note [4] 1,886 1,445 1,464 1,610 2,900 0.4%
Aubergines (egg-plants) 2,028 2,399 2,885 2,175 2,325 0.3%
Asparagus 1,648 2,087 1,289 1,897 2,020 0.3%
Brussels sprouts 1,315 1,346 1,428 806 1,067 0.1%
Turnips 661 558 362 331 761 0.1%
Garlic 189 107 147 237 301 0.0%
Other vegetablesTable 2.2.2 note [4] 107,836 104,829 93,842 113,487 127,965 17.8%
Total 638,623 656,517 606,433 637,315 718,948 100.0%

Notes:

Table 2.2.2 note [1]

Excludes greenhouse vegetables, potatoes and mushrooms.

Return to table 2.2.2 note [1] referrer

Table 2.2.2 note [2]

Includes kohlrabi and kale and similar edible brassicas.

Return to table 2.2.2 note [2] referrer

Table 2.2.2 note [3]

Includes cabbage lettuce (head lettuce).

Return to table 2.2.2 note [3] referrer

Table 2.2.2 note [4]

Includes frozen.

Return to table 2.2.2 note [4] referrer

Table 2.2.2 note [5]

Includes other alliaceous vegetables.

Return to table 2.2.2 note [5] referrer

Source: Statistics Canada. (CATSNET, April 2023)

2.2.3. Top field vegetableTable 2.2.3 note [1]Table 2.2.3 note [2] export destinations — by value (CAN$ '000)

  2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2022 %
Share
United States 705,202 730,216 682,326 717,754 978,343 95.9%
Netherlands 20,866 23,765 23,804 22,703 20,577 2.0%
Belgium 28 38 55 0 7,071 0.7%
Israel 2,159 2,696 2,728 2,542 3,614 0.4%
China 315 973 818 1,066 1,720 0.2%
Trinidad and Tobago 435 370 441 330 1,358 0.1%
Kuwait 621 748 678 790 1,038 0.1%
Saint Pierre and Miquelon 623 573 570 579 598 0.1%
Saint Lucia 4 22 117 455 557 0.1%
Taiwan 356 235 65 357 526 0.1%
Türkiye 0 0 187 0 438 0.0%
Switzerland 0 0 0 295 389 0.0%
Costa Rica 307 279 253 707 348 0.0%
Jordan 0 0 0 0 347 0.0%
Dominican Republic 45 11 10 94 314 0.0%
Others 6,992 10,683 10,545 11,962 2,953 0.3%
Total 737,952 770,609 722,599 759,635 1,020,190 100.0%

Notes:

Table 2.2.3 note [1]

Excludes greenhouse vegetables, potatoes and mushrooms.

Return to table 2.2.3 note [1] referrer

Table 2.2.3 note [2]

Includes frozen.

Return to table 2.2.3 note [2] referrer

Source: Statistics Canada. (CATSNET, April 2023)

2.2.4. Top field vegetableTable 2.2.4 note [1]Table 2.2.4 note [2] export destinations — by volume (metric tons)

  2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2022 %
Share
United States 598,082 607,903 555,818 585,047 665,032 92.5%
Netherlands 29,603 34,048 33,993 32,346 29,158 4.1%
Belgium 18 13 56 0 9,865 1.4%
Israel 3,080 3,851 3,925 3,636 5,071 0.7%
China 274 1,234 915 1,388 2,272 0.3%
Trinidad and Tobago 321 343 474 417 1,714 0.2%
Taiwan 231 110 45 364 557 0.1%
Switzerland 0 0 0 418 553 0.1%
Kuwait 276 365 328 407 485 0.1%
Saint Pierre and Miquelon 413 396 429 402 455 0.1%
Saint Lucia 1 14 89 344 417 0.1%
Jordan 0 0 0 0 405 0.1%
Türkiye 0 0 127 0 355 0.0%
Norway 2,325 2,485 3,129 2,732 226 0.0%
Hong Kong 141 243 289 247 204 0.0%
Others 3,858 5,512 6,818 9,568 2,179 0.3%
Total 638,623 656,517 606,433 637,315 718,948 100.0%

Notes:

Table 2.2.4 note [1]

Excludes greenhouse vegetables, potatoes and mushrooms.

Return to table 2.2.4 note [1] referrer

Table 2.2.4 note [2]

Includes frozen.

Return to table 2.2.4 note [2] referrer

Source: Statistics Canada. (CATSNET, April 2023)

2.2.5. Destinations of top 5 Canadian field vegetableTable 2.2.5 note [1] exports — by value (CAN$ '000)  

    2018 2019 2020 2021 2022
Onions and shallots United States 58,688 55,289 55,768 65,938 104,534
France 2 5 5 6 10
Saint Pierre and Miquelon 1 1 6 6 4
Eswatini 0 0 0 0 3
Others 140 230 144 10 0
Total 58,831 55,525 55,922 65,960 104,551
LettuceTable 2.2.5 note [2] United States 60,145 70,849 66,187 69,722 97,049
United Kingdom 0 0 2 20 143
Saint Pierre and Miquelon 3 3 18 21 29
France 10 5 4 3 6
Others 116 0 73 41 0
Total 60,274 70,857 66,284 69,807 97,227
CabbagesTable 2.2.5 note [3] United States 79,029 67,802 66,838 75,951 86,664
Trinidad and Tobago 132 186 263 186 887
France 9 6 5 5 4
Saint Pierre and Miquelon 2 1 2 2 1
Others 119 60 10 0 0
Total 79,292 68,056 67,118 76,143 87,556
Carrots United States 71,930 71,381 66,591 68,474 84,577
Trinidad and Tobago 0 0 0 0 350
Eswatini 0 0 0 1 6
France 4 3 5 3 4
Saint Pierre and Miquelon 1 1 2 3 0
Others 132 61 12 0 0
Total 72,067 71,446 66,610 68,480 84,936
Cucumbers and gherkins United States 25,232 32,281 27,129 18,366 64,380
Others 0 28 0 0 0
Total 25,232 32,309 27,129 18,366 64,380

Notes:

Table 2.2.5 note [1]

Excludes greenhouse vegetables, potatoes and mushrooms.

Return to table 2.2.5 note [1] referrer

Table 2.2.5 note [2]

Includes cabbage lettuce (head lettuce).

Return to table 2.2.5 note [2] referrer

Table 2.2.5 note [3]

Includes kohlrabi and kale and similar edible brassicas.

Return to table 2.2.5 note [3] referrer

Source: Statistics Canada. (CATSnet, April 2023)

2.2.6. Destinations of top 5 Canadian field vegetableTable 2.2.6 note [1] exports — by volume (metric tons)

    2018 2019 2020 2021 2022
Carrots United States 93,614 100,690 85,941 91,391 97,644
Trinidad and Tobago 0 0 0 0 834
Eswatini 0 0 0 2 14
France 10 8 12 7 8
Saint Pierre and Miquelon 1 1 5 6 1
Others 309 124 26 0 0
Total 93,935 100,824 85,983 91,406 98,501
Onions and shallots United States 66,650 61,217 61,470 61,274 84,109
France 2 6 6 7 12
Saint Pierre and Miquelon 1 1 5 6 4
Eswatini 0 0 0 0 3
Others 220 262 201 11 0
Total 66,872 61,485 61,682 61,297 84,128
CabbagesTable 2.2.6 note [2] United States 83,506 71,298 71,619 83,297 79,037
Trinidad and Tobago 152 246 378 330 815
France 6 4 3 3 3
Saint Pierre and Miquelon 1 1 2 1 1
Others 94 60 8 0 0
Total 83,760 71,608 72,010 83,630 79,854
Cucumbers and gherkins United States 30,849 38,738 31,772 25,561 46,282
Others 0 0 0 0 0
Total 30,849 38,763 31,772 25,561 46,282
Peppers United States 39,651 40,717 40,062 32,006 41,522
Taiwan 0 0 0 0 7
France 5 4 5 4 0
Others 39 19 20 20 0
Total 39,695 40,740 40,087 32,031 41,529

Notes:

Table 2.2.6 note [1]

Excludes greenhouse vegetables, potatoes and mushrooms.

Return to table 2.2.6 note [1] referrer

Table 2.2.6 note [2]

Includes kohlrabi and kale and similar edible brassicas.

Return to table 2.2.6 note [2] referrer

Source: Statistics Canada. (CATSNET, April 2023)

2.3 Imports

2.3.1. Canada's field vegetableTable 2.3.1 note [1] imports by commodity — by value (CAN$ '000)

  2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2022 %
Share
LettuceTable 2.3.1 note [2] 539,261 581,568 575,353 559,252 715,166 17.9%
Onions and shallots 193,406 237,177 215,364 236,725 323,507 8.1%
Cauliflowers and headed broccoli 188,498 200,784 199,578 192,275 316,066 7.9%
CabbagesTable 2.3.1 note [3] 380,289 416,774 407,366 419,176 304,980 7.6%
Tomatoes 266,115 270,662 265,250 230,304 236,345 5.9%
Peppers 206,548 232,760 226,875 228,098 216,012 5.4%
SpinachTable 2.3.1 note [4] 161,820 159,619 166,838 157,020 156,978 3.9%
Carrots 150,872 147,874 149,821 142,273 153,387 3.8%
BeansTable 2.3.1 note [4] 101,285 108,001 111,538 105,390 116,046 2.9%
Asparagus 110,175 110,189 116,376 111,172 103,260 2.6%
Celery 85,828 145,122 94,965 87,294 101,876 2.6%
PeasTable 2.3.1 note [4] 90,375 89,320 88,652 85,460 89,313 2.2%
Sweet cornTable 2.3.1 note [4] 68,333 70,552 78,758 81,314 87,636 2.2%
Sweet potatoes 66,581 75,102 86,722 77,913 78,898 2.0%
Pumpkins, squash and gourds 74,239 74,499 89,610 73,916 78,712 2.0%
Garlic 48,607 60,495 73,144 70,507 78,140 2.0%
Aubergines (egg-plants) 35,362 41,242 48,507 45,736 50,472 1.3%
Yams 31,054 39,841 47,206 41,033 41,656 1.0%
Brussels sprouts 27,331 33,688 35,191 34,031 36,201 0.9%
Bamboo shoots and cactus leaves 28,102 29,617 29,599 29,107 35,643 0.9%
Okra 20,468 23,846 27,005 27,351 31,552 0.8%
Cucumbers and gherkins 44,622 41,820 40,673 33,643 26,335 0.7%
Radishes 16,763 19,231 20,587 21,209 21,854 0.5%
Parsley 18,036 19,565 19,194 19,478 21,230 0.5%
Leeks 11,510 13,945 15,092 15,596 17,881 0.4%
Other vegetablesTable 2.3.1 note [4] 460,392 514,149 498,560 482,335 552,670 13.8%
Total 3,425,872 3,757,441 3,727,824 3,607,606 3,991,815 100.0%

Notes:

Table 2.3.1 note [1]

Excludes greenhouse vegetables, potatoes and mushrooms.

Return to table 2.3.1 note [1] referrer

Table 2.3.1 note [2]

Includes cabbage lettuce (head lettuce).

Return to table 2.3.1 note [2] referrer

Table 2.3.1 note [3]

Includes kohlrabi and kale and similar edible brassicas.

Return to table 2.3.1 note [3] referrer

Table 2.3.1 note [4]

Includes frozen.

Return to table 2.3.1 note [4] referrer

Source: Statistics Canada. (CATSNET, April 2023)

2.3.2. Canada's field vegetableTable 2.3.2 note [1] imports by commodity — by volume (metric tons)

  2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2022 %
Share
LettuceTable 2.3.2 note [2] 271,831 278,521 257,053 267,164 265,207 14.4%
Onions and shallots 187,087 206,850 210,761 248,420 236,388 12.9%
Cauliflowers and headed broccoli 110,080 110,568 109,035 124,851 153,839 8.4%
CabbagesTable 2.3.2 note [3] 176,504 188,418 178,690 188,976 120,540 6.6%
Tomatoes 158,823 151,989 121,460 125,430 120,046 6.5%
Carrots 115,073 109,786 107,915 109,781 98,626 5.4%
Peppers 91,695 98,748 89,958 100,554 84,150 4.6%
Sweet potatoes 72,402 68,573 76,306 81,274 81,950 4.5%
Celery 88,271 81,683 92,665 87,053 77,831 4.2%
Pumpkins, squash and gourds 55,580 57,611 60,001 59,557 53,061 2.9%
Sweet cornTable 2.3.2 note [4] 58,542 59,995 51,670 64,175 51,024 2.8%
SpinachTable 2.3.2 note [4] 46,620 45,947 47,964 48,423 47,906 2.6%
BeansTable 2.3.2 note [4] 40,530 42,531 41,455 38,532 39,563 2.2%
Aubergines (egg-plants) 25,253 26,217 27,374 28,212 26,510 1.4%
Garlic 21,391 20,685 24,240 22,921 24,474 1.3%
PeasTable 2.3.2 note [4] 21,643 21,314 22,645 24,620 23,031 1.3%
Asparagus 24,015 23,421 24,855 27,496 21,859 1.2%
Cucumbers and gherkins 30,566 28,664 29,105 26,782 18,800 1.0%
Yams 17,128 19,437 20,206 19,951 18,488 1.0%
Radishes 15,773 17,724 18,209 17,857 16,259 0.9%
Bamboo shoots and cactus leaves 12,985 13,474 14,145 14,672 14,211 0.8%
Brussels sprouts 10,466 10,475 11,897 12,630 11,512 0.6%
Parsley 9,596 10,045 9,181 8,880 8,504 0.5%
Okra 7,049 7,709 7,507 8,094 7,157 0.4%
Leeks 5,348 6,397 6,746 6,463 6,640 0.4%
Other vegetablesTable 2.3.2 note [4] 191,480 224,669 202,532 209,691 208,431 11.4%
Total 1,865,733 1,931,449 1,863,574 1,972,458 1,836,008 100.0%

Notes:

Table 2.3.2 note [1]

Excludes greenhouse vegetables, potatoes and mushrooms.

Return to table 2.3.2 note [1] referrer

Table 2.3.2 note [2]

Includes cabbage lettuce (head lettuce).

Return to table 2.3.2 note [2] referrer

Table 2.3.2 note [3]

Includes kohlrabi and kale and similar edible brassicas.

Return to table 2.3.2 note [3] referrer

Table 2.3.2 note [4]

Includes frozen.

Return to table 2.3.2 note [4] referrer

Source: Statistics Canada. (CATSNET, April 2023)

2.3.3. Top field vegetableTable 2.3.3 note [1] import sources — by value (CAN$ '000)

  2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2022 %
Share
United States 2,211,599 2,371,947 2,310,313 2,222,557 2,482,777 62.2%
Mexico 757,709 856,204 860,553 842,194 909,837 22.8%
China 148,200 161,288 166,693 160,429 185,955 4.7%
Guatemala 38,580 48,821 57,916 56,116 59,176 1.5%
Spain 34,395 49,048 43,560 34,013 40,504 1.0%
Peru 42,361 41,465 47,727 40,134 39,473 1.0%
India 19,031 23,410 24,252 28,107 32,522 0.8%
Honduras 22,002 28,462 32,854 32,226 30,654 0.8%
Belgium 13,237 20,908 20,541 21,931 19,459 0.5%
Ecuador 7,889 15,700 18,802 15,134 16,570 0.4%
Costa Rica 10,316 11,126 9,374 10,842 14,336 0.4%
Poland 9,489 9,398 8,933 10,329 12,996 0.3%
Türkiye 2,510 3,095 3,427 8,626 12,951 0.3%
Dominican Republic 12,498 11,782 12,064 12,317 12,722 0.3%
Jamaica 9,263 10,114 12,040 11,797 11,873 0.3%
Others 86,791 94,673 98,774 100,855 110,009 2.8%
Total 3,425,872 3,757,441 3,727,824 3,607,606 3,991,815 100.0%

Note:

Table 2.3.3 note [1]

Excludes greenhouse vegetables, potatoes and mushrooms.

Return to table 2.3.3 note [1] referrer

Source: Statistics Canada. (CATSNET, April 2023)

2.3.4. Top field vegetableTable 2.3.4 note [1] import sources — by volume (metric tons)

  2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2022 %
Share
United States 1,252,362 1,262,774 1,213,589 1,296,383 1,189,797 64.8%
Mexico 406,589 428,724 413,811 439,670 415,309 22.6%
China 78,959 87,969 85,393 78,652 76,887 4.2%
Spain 15,465 21,640 19,900 16,797 22,243 1.2%
Belgium 8,001 13,456 12,986 14,192 12,049 0.7%
Guatemala 10,960 12,830 12,443 11,787 10,928 0.6%
Peru 11,746 11,884 13,643 12,816 10,895 0.6%
Honduras 9,732 12,103 12,288 13,201 9,748 0.5%
Costa Rica 7,805 7,692 8,128 9,944 9,300 0.5%
India 5,911 7,480 7,451 8,692 8,765 0.5%
Poland 7,125 8,086 7,009 8,890 8,763 0.5%
Ecuador 3,756 7,471 8,936 7,453 7,268 0.4%
Türkiye 600 738 981 4,842 7,009 0.4%
Dominican Republic 8,196 7,757 6,888 6,590 6,600 0.4%
France 4,729 4,494 4,021 4,037 4,998 0.3%
Others 33,799 36,352 36,108 38,512 35,450 1.9%
Total 1,865,733 1,931,449 1,863,574 1,972,458 1,836,008 100.0%

Note:

Table 2.3.4 note [1]

Excludes greenhouse vegetables, potatoes and mushrooms.

Return to table 2.3.4 note [1] referrer

Source: Statistics Canada. (CATSNET, April 2023)

2.3.5. Sources of top 5 Canadian field vegetableTable 2.3.5 note [1] imports — by value (CAN$ '000)

    2018 2019 2020 2021 2022
LettuceTable 2.3.5 note [2] United States 524,049 559,615 553,218 524,469 653,905
Mexico 13,376 19,638 20,263 33,457 58,013
Spain 379 366 157 313 2,085
China 684 1,128 1,038 446 324
Netherlands 97 124 82 178 206
Others 676 697 595 389 634
Total 539,261 581,568 575,353 559,252 715,166
Onions and shallots United States 122,495 158,035 140,265 161,369 217,538
Mexico 55,506 63,171 57,866 56,050 81,005
Peru 7,060 7,596 9,601 9,047 9,615
Spain 1,505 1,454 1,531 2,056 6,964
Netherlands 2,377 959 1,732 1,994 2,682
Others 4,462 5,961 4,369 6,208 5,702
Total 193,406 237,177 215,364 236,725 323,507
Cauliflowers and headed broccoli United States 166,005 167,140 164,844 161,415 245,020
Mexico 20,630 30,075 32,018 29,919 63,977
Guatemala 0 188 843 58 6,116
Spain 1,356 2,862 1,524 765 658
Netherlands 2 10 0 0 142
Others 505 508 349 118 153
Total 188,498 200,784 199,578 192,275 316,066
CabbagesTable 2.3.5 note [3] United States 314,624 329,457 312,068 333,271 246,444
Mexico 58,571 76,163 84,247 76,885 56,460
China 2,802 3,185 3,078 2,177 1,609
South Korea 716 1,098 713 308 196
India 5 6 8 4 60
Others 3,572 6,864 7,252 6,531 211
Total 380,289 416,774 407,366 419,176 304,980
Tomatoes Mexico 171,119 173,171 160,443 143,993 135,852
United States 93,246 94,456 101,092 84,868 98,638
Guatemala 857 2,522 2,869 1,321 1,454
Morocco 0 0 0 0 355
Dominican Republic 255 27 56 120 29
Others 637 487 789 2 18
Total 266,115 270,662 265,250 230,304 236,345

Notes:

Table 2.3.5 note [1]

Excludes greenhouse vegetables, potatoes and mushrooms.

Return to table 2.3.5 note [1] referrer

Table 2.3.5 note [2]

Includes cabbage lettuce (head lettuce).

Return to table 2.3.5 note [2] referrer

Table 2.3.5 note [3]

Includes kohlrabi and kale and similar edible brassicas.

Return to table 2.3.5 note [3] referrer

Source: Statistics Canada. (CATSNET, April 2023)

2.3.6. Sources of top 5 Canadian field vegetableTable 2.3.6 note [1] imports — by volume (metric tons)

    2018 2019 2020 2021 2022
LettuceTable 2.3.6 note [2] United States 263,431 268,010 246,909 253,074 244,374
Mexico 7,623 9,493 9,379 13,635 20,026
Spain 136 116 48 56 420
China 393 668 536 230 174
Netherlands 23 26 20 71 30
Others 226 207 161 98 183
Total 271,831 278,521 257,053 267,164 265,207
Onions and shallots United States 148,853 168,571 171,352 204,932 187,349
Mexico 27,041 27,202 26,927 29,112 31,207
Peru 4,555 4,708 5,942 5,718 5,055
Spain 2,236 1,777 2,249 3,205 7,935
Netherlands 2,102 591 1,543 2,184 2,314
Others 2,300 4,001 2,748 3,269 2,528
Total 187,087 206,850 210,761 248,420 236,388
Cauliflowers and headed broccoli United States 96,307 91,899 89,138 103,887 118,271
Mexico 12,987 17,045 18,645 20,435 34,274
Guatemala 0 56 249 17 982
Spain 496 1,231 809 439 216
Netherlands 0 2 0 0 27
Others 290 336 193 73 69
Total 110,080 110,568 109,035 124,851 153,839
CabbagesTable 2.3.6 note [3] United States 127,123 131,223 121,400 133,054 85,411
Mexico 42,043 46,277 50,028 51,453 33,476
China 4,116 5,117 3,944 2,325 1,333
South Korea 904 1,567 654 327 211
India 2 2 2 1 13
Others 2,317 4,231 2,662 1,816 96
Total 176,504 188,418 178,690 188,976 120,540
Tomatoes Mexico 94,386 92,993 72,442 76,685 68,775
United States 63,644 57,771 47,759 48,241 50,769
Guatemala 336 1,045 947 387 414
Morocco 0 0 0 0 64
Dominican Republic 128 9 38 116 18
Others 329 171 274 0 5
Total 158,823 151,989 121,460 125,430 120,046

Notes:

Table 2.3.6 note [1]

Excludes greenhouse vegetables, potatoes and mushrooms.

Return to table 2.3.6 note [1] referrer

Table 2.3.6 note [2]

Includes cabbage lettuce (head lettuce).

Return to table 2.3.6 note [2] referrer

Table 2.3.6 note [3]

Includes kohlrabi and kale and similar edible brassicas.

Return to table 2.3.6 note [3] referrer

Source: Statistics Canada. (CATSNET, April 2023)

3. Availability for consumption

3.1. Fresh vegetable availableTable 3.1 note [1] for consumptionTable 3.1 note [2] in Canada (kilograms per person)

  2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2022 %
Share
Onions and shallots fresh 8.44 8.86 9.58 9.37 9.20 14.0%
Lettuce freshTable 3.1 note [3] 8.20 8.29 7.45 7.85 7.90 12.0%
Tomatoes freshTable 3.1 note [3] 8.42 7.87 7.09 7.23 7.49 11.4%
Carrots fresh 7.27 6.46 6.71 6.26 6.04 9.2%
Cabbage fresh 4.26 4.50 4.36 4.25 4.33 6.6%
Peppers freshTable 3.1 note [3] 4.33 4.31 3.95 4.22 3.89 5.9%
Broccoli fresh 2.45 2.37 2.30 2.50 2.96 4.5%
Pumpkins and squash fresh 3.20 3.17 3.45 2.99 2.88 4.4%
Corn fresh 2.84 2.78 2.60 2.93 2.45 3.7%
Cucumbers freshTable 3.1 note [3] 3.56 3.24 3.42 2.87 2.30 3.5%
Celery fresh 2.69 2.43 2.77 2.61 2.28 3.5%
Chinese cabbage freshTable 3.1 note [4] 1.62 1.69 1.64 1.69 1.68 2.6%
Mushrooms fresh 2.13 2.10 1.86 1.82 1.60 2.4%
Cauliflower fresh 3.01 2.80 2.88 3.03 1.43 2.2%
Potatoes sweet fresh 1.11 0.89 1.00 1.19 1.08 1.6%
Beets fresh 0.97 0.94 0.91 0.98 0.91 1.4%
Rutabagas and turnips fresh 1.17 0.91 0.98 0.95 0.89 1.4%
Spinach fresh 0.94 0.92 0.93 0.97 0.87 1.3%
Beans green and wax fresh 0.89 0.92 0.87 0.88 0.86 1.3%
Kale freshTable 3.1 note [5] 0.79 0.77 0.68 0.71 0.70 1.1%
Asparagus fresh 0.75 0.75 0.74 0.81 0.67 1.0%
Aubergines (egg-plants) fresh 0.62 0.63 0.63 0.68 0.64 1.0%
Garlic fresh 0.49 0.47 0.55 0.52 0.54 0.8%
Brussels sprouts fresh 0.34 0.33 0.38 0.39 0.38 0.6%
Parsley fresh 0.30 0.30 0.27 0.26 0.25 0.4%
Radishes fresh 0.35 0.37 0.44 0.33 0.24 0.4%
Leeks fresh 0.27 0.30 0.31 0.30 0.24 0.4%
Peas fresh 0.32 0.26 0.22 0.20 0.19 0.3%
Rappini fresh 0.18 0.18 0.17 0.17 0.19 0.3%
Okra fresh 0.17 0.18 0.17 0.19 0.16 0.2%
Manioc fresh 0.12 0.13 0.16 0.16 0.15 0.2%
Parsnips fresh 0.19 0.16 0.16 0.13 0.14 0.2%
Other edible roots fresh 0.05 0.06 0.05 0.07 0.07 0.1%
Artichokes fresh 0.04 0.03 0.04 0.04 0.03 0.0%
Olives fresh 0.00 0.01 0.01 0.00 0.00 0.0%
Total 72.48 70.38 69.73 69.55 65.63 100.0%

Notes:

Table 3.1 note [1]

Food available per person is calculated by dividing the domestic disappearance by the Canadian population as of July 1st of the reference year, at the retail level.

Domestic disappearance represents the total food available for human consumption from the Canadian food supply chain.

Total Supply = Beginning stocks + Production + Imports

Domestic Disappearance = Total supply − Exports − Manufacturing − Waste − Ending stocks

Return to table 3.1 note [1] referrer

Table 3.1 note [2]

Does not adjust for losses (such as waste and/or spoilage in stores, households, private institutions, restaurants) or losses during preparation.

Return to table 3.1 note [2] referrer

Table 3.1 note [3]

Includes greenhouse vegetables.

Return to table 3.1 note [3] referrer

Table 3.1 note [4]

"Chinese cabbage fresh" is included in cabbage.

Return to table 3.1 note [4] referrer

Table 3.1 note [5]

"Kale fresh" is included in cabbage.

Return to table 3.1 note [5] referrer

Source: Statistics Canada. Table 32-10-0054-01 Food available in Canada

3.2. Fresh vegetable availableTable 3.2 note [1] for consumption adjusted for lossesTable 3.2 note [2] in Canada (kilograms per person)

  2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2022 %
Share
Tomatoes freshTable 3.2 note [3] 6.10 5.70 5.14 5.24 5.43 16.6%
Onions and shallots fresh 4.05 4.25 4.59 4.49 4.41 13.5%
Lettuce freshTable 3.2 note [3] 4.38 4.42 3.98 4.19 4.22 12.9%
Carrots fresh 3.96 3.52 3.66 3.41 3.29 10.1%
Cabbage fresh 2.40 2.53 2.46 2.39 2.44 7.5%
Peppers freshTable 3.2 note [3] 1.94 1.92 1.77 1.88 1.74 5.3%
Broccoli fresh 1.23 1.19 1.15 1.25 1.48 4.5%
Celery fresh 1.34 1.21 1.37 1.30 1.13 3.5%
Mushrooms fresh 1.35 1.33 1.18 1.15 1.01 3.1%
Cucumbers freshTable 3.2 note [3] 1.55 1.41 1.49 1.25 1.00 3.1%
Chinese cabbage freshTable 3.2 note [4] 0.91 0.95 0.93 0.95 0.95 2.9%
Corn fresh 0.68 0.67 0.62 0.70 0.59 1.8%
Pumpkins and squash fresh 0.57 0.56 0.61 0.53 0.51 1.6%
Beets fresh 0.53 0.51 0.50 0.53 0.49 1.5%
Spinach fresh 0.50 0.49 0.50 0.52 0.46 1.4%
Beans green and wax fresh 0.47 0.48 0.45 0.46 0.45 1.4%
Cauliflower fresh 0.88 0.82 0.84 0.89 0.42 1.3%
Potatoes sweet fresh 0.43 0.34 0.39 0.46 0.42 1.3%
Aubergines (egg-plants) fresh 0.30 0.30 0.30 0.32 0.30 0.9%
Brussels sprouts fresh 0.25 0.25 0.28 0.29 0.28 0.9%
Garlic fresh 0.23 0.22 0.26 0.25 0.26 0.8%
Asparagus fresh 0.28 0.27 0.27 0.30 0.25 0.8%
Kale freshTable 3.2 note [3] 0.22 0.21 0.19 0.20 0.20 0.6%
Rutabagas and turnips fresh 0.19 0.15 0.16 0.15 0.14 0.4%
Leeks fresh 0.13 0.14 0.15 0.15 0.12 0.4%
Parsley fresh 0.15 0.15 0.14 0.13 0.12 0.4%
Manioc fresh 0.08 0.09 0.11 0.11 0.10 0.3%
Peas fresh 0.17 0.14 0.12 0.10 0.10 0.3%
Rappini fresh 0.09 0.10 0.09 0.09 0.10 0.3%
Radishes fresh 0.13 0.13 0.16 0.12 0.09 0.3%
Okra fresh 0.07 0.07 0.07 0.08 0.07 0.2%
Parsnips fresh 0.10 0.09 0.09 0.07 0.07 0.2%
Other edible roots fresh 0.03 0.05 0.04 0.05 0.05 0.2%
Artichokes fresh 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.0%
Total 35.70 34.67 34.07 34.01 32.70 100.0%

Notes:

Table 3.2 note [1]

Food available per person is calculated by dividing the domestic disappearance by the Canadian population as of July 1st of the reference year, at the retail level.

Domestic disappearance represents the total food available for human consumption from the Canadian food supply chain.

Total Supply = Beginning stocks + Production + Imports

Domestic Disappearance = Total supply − Exports − Manufacturing − Waste − Ending stocks

Return to table 3.2 note [1] referrer

Table 3.2 note [2]

Experimental, use with caution. The data have been adjusted for retail, household, cooking and plate loss.

Return to table 3.2 note [2] referrer

Table 3.2 note [3]

"Kale fresh" is included in cabbage.

Return to table 3.2 note [3] referrer

Table 3.2 note [4]

"Chinese cabbage fresh" is included in cabbage.

Return to table 3.2 note [4] referrer

Source: Statistics Canada. Table 32-10-0054-01 Food available in Canada

4. World data

4.1. World production

4.1.1. World fresh vegetable productionTable 4.1.1 note [1]Table 4.1.1 note [2]Table 4.1.1 note [3] by commodity — by volume (thousands of metric tons)

  2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2021 %
Share
Tomatoes 178,863 181,317 181,890 184,786 189,134 16.4%
Onions and shallots, dry 97,068 97,621 99,807 104,564 106,592 9.2%
Cucumbers and gherkins 82,217 84,950 88,282 90,755 93,529 8.1%
Cabbages and other brassicas 71,972 70,479 70,626 71,447 71,707 6.2%
Aubergines (egg-plants) 53,511 54,749 56,140 57,379 58,646 5.1%
Mushrooms and truffles 39,811 40,583 41,739 42,923 44,207 3.8%
Carrots and turnips 40,348 39,257 40,571 40,242 41,667 3.6%
Chillies and peppers, green 35,239 35,795 35,494 35,969 36,287 3.1%
Spinach 27,809 28,962 30,080 31,208 32,294 2.8%
Garlic 25,906 26,825 27,787 27,781 28,205 2.4%
Lettuce and chicory 26,758 27,093 26,843 27,020 27,012 2.3%
Cauliflowers and broccoli 25,318 25,342 25,693 25,559 25,844 2.2%
Pumpkins, squash and gourds 26,619 21,945 22,280 22,949 23,784 2.1%
Beans, green 22,940 23,422 23,051 23,433 23,411 2.0%
Peas, green 19,689 19,605 19,738 20,248 20,530 1.8%
Okra 9,218 9,638 10,033 10,644 10,822 0.9%
Maize, green 11,494 11,067 10,377 10,575 8,858 0.8%
Asparagus 8,424 8,527 8,415 8,458 8,501 0.7%
Onions and shallots, green 4,659 4,567 4,361 4,506 4,563 0.4%
Leeks, other alliaceous vegetables 2,161 2,116 2,144 2,117 2,213 0.2%
Vegetables, leguminous nesTable 4.1.1 note [4] 1,644 1,731 1,648 1,801 1,725 0.1%
Artichokes 1,588 1,557 1,503 1,439 1,470 0.1%
String beans 1,928 1,461 1,358 1,303 1,310 0.1%
Cassava leaves 84 87 86 86 87 0.0%
Vegetables, fresh nesTable 4.1.1 note [4] 289,593 290,381 292,057 291,551 292,200 25.3%
Total 1,104,860 1,109,080 1,122,002 1,138,740 1,154,598 100.0%

Notes:

Table 4.1.1 note [1]

Includes greenhouse vegetables and mushrooms.

Return to table 4.1.1 note [1] referrer

Table 4.1.1 note [2]

Does not include potatoes.

Return to table 4.1.1 note [2] referrer

Table 4.1.1 note [3]

FAO production data for the year 2022 was not yet available at the time of writing this report.

Return to table 4.1.1 note [3] referrer

Table 4.1.1 note [4]

nes: Not elsewhere specified.

Return to table 4.1.1 note [4] referrer

Source: Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) of the United Nations | © FAO Statistics Division 2023

4.1.2. World fresh vegetable productionTable 4.1.2 note [1]Table 4.1.2 note [2]Table 4.1.2 note [3] by country — by volume (thousands of metric tons)

  2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2021 %
Share
China 566,911 577,656 582,276 590,847 600,013 52.0%
India 131,324 129,951 131,785 135,287 137,988 12.0%
United States 32,082 31,732 29,512 29,222 27,917 2.4%
Türkiye 24,923 24,173 25,442 25,961 26,646 2.3%
Vietnam 15,724 16,267 16,674 17,006 17,224 1.5%
Nigeria 14,841 15,548 15,971 15,905 15,795 1.4%
Egypt 15,627 15,492 16,119 15,667 15,571 1.3%
Mexico 15,430 16,116 15,127 15,109 14,747 1.3%
Russia 13,629 13,716 14,153 13,951 13,544 1.2%
Spain 13,147 12,455 13,259 12,669 13,536 1.2%
Indonesia 11,387 11,743 11,917 12,544 13,010 1.1%
Italy 12,487 10,352 10,437 10,849 11,441 1.0%
Uzbekistan 10,142 9,180 10,126 10,016 10,348 0.9%
Japan 10,260 10,111 10,387 10,291 10,177 0.9%
Ukraine 9,304 9,458 9,707 9,675 9,959 0.9%
South Korea 9,633 10,195 9,686 9,514 9,769 0.8%
Iran 10,791 10,550 10,554 10,055 9,331 0.8%
Brazil 8,909 8,848 8,695 8,516 8,572 0.7%
Algeria 6,524 6,910 7,295 7,988 7,652 0.7%
Bangladesh 6,224 6,155 6,452 6,848 7,318 0.6%
Pakistan 5,049 5,456 5,463 5,577 7,074 0.6%
Philippines 6,624 6,649 6,653 6,665 6,659 0.6%
Netherlands 5,431 4,681 5,369 5,293 5,622 0.5%
France 5,512 4,949 4,875 4,847 5,436 0.5%
Myanmar 4,793 4,795 4,798 4,891 4,934 0.4%
           
CanadaTable 4.1.2 note [4] 2,319 2,287 2,291 2,258 2,277 0.2%
Total 1,104,860 1,109,080 1,122,002 1,138,740 1,154,598 100.0%

Notes:

Table 4.1.2 note [1]

Includes greenhouse vegetables and mushrooms.

Return to table 4.1.2 note [1] referrer

Table 4.1.2 note [2]

Does not include potatoes.

Return to table 4.1.2 note [2] referrer

Table 4.1.2 note [3]

FAO production data for the year 2022 was not yet available at the time of writing this report.

Return to table 4.1.2 note [3] referrer

Table 4.1.2 note [4]

In 2021, Canada ranked as the 50th largest global producer of vegetables by volume.

Return to table 4.1.2 note [4] referrer

Source: Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) of the United Nations | © FAO Statistics Division 2023

4.1.3. World fresh vegetable productionTable 4.1.3 note [1]Table 4.1.3 note [2]Table 4.1.3 note [3] by commodity — by area (hectares)

  2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2021 %
Share
Onions and shallots, dry 5,154,869 5,159,586 5,177,618 5,530,475 5,778,769 10.0%
Tomatoes 4,872,592 5,009,804 4,994,977 5,009,027 5,167,388 8.9%
Peas, green 2,511,572 2,516,986 2,519,667 2,572,585 2,590,367 4.5%
Okra 2,154,649 2,437,281 2,860,325 2,400,543 2,478,132 4.3%
Cabbages and other brassicas 2,445,895 2,412,078 2,417,971 2,425,106 2,450,601 4.2%
Cucumbers and gherkins 2,111,021 2,121,568 2,163,997 2,155,175 2,172,193 3.7%
Chillies and peppers, green 1,951,237 2,006,119 1,960,460 2,053,550 2,055,310 3.5%
Aubergines (egg-plants) 1,907,935 1,888,773 1,901,693 1,935,851 1,961,799 3.4%
Garlic 1,539,015 1,585,650 1,626,911 1,622,588 1,659,236 2.9%
Asparagus 1,546,218 1,559,921 1,573,834 1,583,012 1,594,380 2.7%
Beans, green 1,541,628 1,574,225 1,550,811 1,589,458 1,586,086 2.7%
Pumpkins, squash and gourds 1,971,074 1,437,027 1,436,427 1,463,360 1,501,696 2.6%
Cauliflowers and broccoli 1,362,770 1,357,563 1,362,302 1,366,499 1,378,085 2.4%
Lettuce and chicory 1,229,938 1,234,918 1,214,745 1,215,234 1,213,340 2.1%
Carrots and turnips 1,156,339 1,085,122 1,097,998 1,082,967 1,096,007 1.9%
Maize, green 1,177,447 1,183,351 1,104,247 1,111,225 1,042,894 1.8%
Spinach 916,373 920,913 926,355 912,142 921,158 1.6%
Vegetables, leguminous nesTable 4.1.3 note [4] 250,749 252,946 254,924 286,213 277,445 0.5%
Onions and shallots, green 227,790 223,969 214,409 212,665 215,934 0.4%
String beans 190,904 157,206 141,737 143,975 136,328 0.2%
Leeks, other alliaceous vegetables 135,282 135,580 132,295 132,416 134,168 0.2%
Artichokes 126,648 122,388 119,135 114,141 116,350 0.2%
Cassava leaves 7,741 7,922 7,789 7,794 7,798 0.0%
Vegetables, fresh nesTable 4.1.3 note [4] 20,383,227 20,443,827 20,512,108 20,500,442 20,498,902 35.3%
Total 56,872,913 56,834,723 57,272,735 57,426,443 58,034,366 100.0%

Notes:

Table 4.1.3 note [1]

Includes greenhouse vegetables and mushrooms.

Return to table 4.1.3 note [1] referrer

Table 4.1.3 note [2]

Does not include potatoes.

Return to table 4.1.3 note [2] referrer

Table 4.1.3 note [3]

FAO production data for the year 2022 was not yet available at the time of writing this report.

Return to table 4.1.3 note [3] referrer

Table 4.1.3 note [4]

nes: Not elsewhere specified.

Return to table 4.1.3 note [4] referrer

Source: Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) of the United Nations | © FAO Statistics Division 2023

4.1.4. World fresh vegetable productionTable 4.1.4 note [1]Table 4.1.4 note [2]Table 4.1.4 note [3] by country — by area (hectares)

  2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2021 %
Share
China 23,031,820 23,168,027 23,068,916 23,189,508 23,268,449 40.1%
India 8,769,696 8,385,013 8,430,603 8,595,738 8,896,962 15.3%
Nigeria 3,641,864 4,063,323 4,493,064 4,089,200 4,141,631 7.1%
Indonesia 1,177,481 1,174,429 1,126,894 1,181,333 1,198,039 2.1%
Vietnam 984,965 1,006,678 991,058 996,952 1,002,974 1.7%
United States 962,162 935,210 859,914 833,023 829,454 1.4%
Philippines 759,138 762,809 775,034 765,196 767,836 1.3%
Bangladesh 657,064 650,990 658,189 680,268 708,712 1.2%
Mexico 697,125 699,374 676,740 697,310 695,166 1.2%
Türkiye 709,940 672,412 672,329 678,558 676,673 1.2%
Cameroon 658,108 674,978 680,169 671,100 674,276 1.2%
Egypt 628,510 636,169 659,684 642,411 639,118 1.1%
Pakistan 407,346 421,370 411,980 414,192 584,381 1.0%
Russia 524,794 515,587 507,161 502,406 490,450 0.8%
Ukraine 446,617 440,509 452,705 465,121 461,024 0.8%
Tanzania 415,874 421,407 414,527 417,306 417,747 0.7%
Myanmar 374,453 373,762 376,053 380,146 381,637 0.7%
Japan 374,793 373,474 372,175 368,665 370,240 0.6%
Thailand 366,052 365,141 363,430 358,681 358,863 0.6%
Brazil 352,925 351,186 348,778 347,182 350,158 0.6%
Spain 330,134 313,100 323,410 325,170 337,530 0.6%
Italy 463,926 334,230 337,350 331,240 331,840 0.6%
Ethiopia 294,561 312,360 316,573 324,180 325,602 0.6%
Iran 353,955 344,122 350,917 341,184 322,679 0.6%
Nepal 285,636 288,213 298,522 304,286 305,540 0.5%
..            
CanadaTable 4.1.4 note [4] 92,477 91,348 89,367 92,030 92,035 0.2%
Total 56,872,913 56,834,728 57,272,737 57,426,442 58,034,368 100.0%

Notes:

Table 4.1.4 note [1]

Includes greenhouse vegetables and mushrooms.

Return to table 4.1.4 note [1] referrer

Table 4.1.4 note [2]

Does not include potatoes.

Return to table 4.1.4 note [2] referrer

Table 4.1.4 note [3]

FAO production data for the year 2022 was not yet available at the time of writing this report.

Return to table 4.1.4 note [3] referrer

Table 4.1.4 note [4]

In 2021, Canada ranked as the 65th largest global producer of vegetables by volume.

Return to table 4.1.4 note [4] referrer

Source: Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) of the United Nations | © FAO Statistics Division 2023

4.2. World trade

4.2.1. Top importers of fresh vegetablesTable 4.2.1 note [1]Table 4.2.1 note [2] worldwide — by value (CAN$ '000)

  2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2022 %
Share
United States 11,064,739 12,153,222 13,676,712 13,487,429 14,953,929 24.8%
Germany 6,891,988 6,944,456 7,708,424 8,020,010 7,324,655 12.1%
United Kingdom 3,852,255 4,015,961 4,080,591 3,843,394 4,423,526 7.3%
Canada 3,310,156 3,583,412 3,567,824 3,504,241 3,848,883 6.4%
France 3,216,313 3,263,997 3,484,917 3,558,692 3,764,616 6.2%
Netherlands 2,426,831 2,542,472 2,585,089 2,736,765 2,806,953 4.6%
Italy 1,045,036 1,234,674 1,117,555 1,141,612 1,419,307 2.4%
Poland 973,920 1,140,615 1,195,120 1,275,907 1,374,180 2.3%
Belgium 1,231,333 1,236,115 1,340,654 1,340,218 1,263,404 2.1%
Spain 926,634 945,187 948,354 967,180 1,110,756 1.8%
Hong Kong 545,081 673,303 934,201 998,741 978,584 1.6%
Indonesia 747,838 804,985 903,565 935,679 944,670 1.6%
Japan 1,181,194 1,053,748 974,680 947,135 927,247 1.5%
Malaysia 773,479 764,327 841,201 889,797 911,945 1.5%
Switzerland 678,126 711,244 816,191 885,176 837,842 1.4%
Others 15,590,132 16,638,282 16,871,788 16,899,067 14,328,351 23.7%
Total 53,776,929 56,994,756 60,230,675 60,545,867 60,381,006 100.0%

Notes:

Table 4.2.1 note [1]

Does not include potatoes.

Return to table 4.2.1 note [1] referrer

Table 4.2.1 note [2]

Includes greenhouse vegetables and mushrooms.

Return to table 4.2.1 note [2] referrer

Source: Global Trade Tracker. (April 2023)

4.2.2. Top importers of fresh vegetablesTable 4.2.2 note [1]Table 4.2.2 note [2] worldwide — by volume (metric tons)

  2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2022 %
Share
United States 7,174,573 7,471,780 7,621,703 8,237,682 8,391,506 21.9%
Germany 3,307,256 3,374,409 3,510,698 3,570,919 3,120,049 8.1%
United Kingdom 1,957,396 2,093,757 2,030,095 1,814,140 2,039,895 5.3%
France 1,947,538 1,910,436 1,890,599 1,958,102 1,973,673 5.2%
Canada 1,752,649 1,782,720 1,725,223 1,833,709 1,696,526 4.4%
Netherlands 1,407,602 1,503,377 1,410,912 1,589,359 1,461,168 3.8%
Malaysia 1,189,796 1,102,400 1,079,029 1,131,145 1,216,201 3.2%
Belgium 1,103,117 1,100,852 1,146,435 1,151,836 1,075,752 2.8%
Vietnam 882,530 679,410 649,515 807,280 1,059,327 2.8%
Saudi Arabia 771,703 1,011,353 954,770 943,196 1,019,608 2.7%
Poland 616,817 830,814 773,459 778,052 907,364 2.4%
Indonesia 716,714 591,427 735,244 730,413 760,235 2.0%
Italy 655,471 736,188 653,251 644,003 752,820 2.0%
Spain 655,786 679,605 648,452 701,737 749,179 2.0%
Hong Kong 780,378 804,569 909,812 916,630 689,821 1.8%
Others 15,606,970 16,764,732 15,684,014 15,598,788 11,371,795 29.7%
Total 40,526,296 42,437,829 41,423,211 42,406,991 38,284,919 100.0%

Notes:

Table 4.2.2 note [1]

Does not include potatoes.

Return to table 4.2.2 note [1] referrer

Table 4.2.2 note [2]

Includes greenhouse vegetables and mushrooms.

Return to table 4.2.2 note [2] referrer

Source: Global Trade Tracker. (April 2023)

4.2.3. Top selected fresh vegetableTable 4.2.3 note [1]Table 4.2.3 note [2]Table 4.2.3 note [3] imports worldwide — by value (CAN$ '000)

  2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2022 %
Share
Tomatoes 11,896,431 11,967,071 12,930,513 12,825,891 12,856,044 21.3%
Peppers 7,104,525 7,551,114 8,265,930 8,258,609 7,951,581 13.2%
Onions and shallots 3,991,773 4,890,656 4,514,190 4,336,282 4,422,505 7.3%
Cucumbers and gherkins 3,569,810 3,562,185 3,872,205 3,894,443 4,422,232 7.3%
LettuceTable 4.2.3 note [4] 3,333,212 3,506,172 3,479,500 3,685,038 4,053,251 6.7%
Garlic 2,719,822 3,181,687 3,960,760 3,761,850 3,433,971 5.7%
Mushrooms 2,535,928 2,666,679 2,694,737 2,818,532 2,832,262 4.7%
Cabbages, kohlrabi and kaleTable 4.2.3 note [5] 2,319,512 2,612,659 2,716,835 2,766,485 2,549,611 4.2%
Pumpkins, squash and gourds 1,794,981 1,873,721 2,247,862 2,013,887 2,187,618 3.6%
Cauliflowers and headed broccoli 1,550,283 1,712,595 1,839,923 1,864,539 2,030,625 3.4%
Asparagus 1,998,280 2,077,726 2,011,659 2,150,492 1,892,404 3.1%
Carrots and turnips 1,921,616 1,746,591 1,690,427 1,713,029 1,515,874 2.5%
Beans 1,435,352 1,353,361 1,446,167 1,445,148 1,336,813 2.2%
Aubergines (egg-plants) 648,454 673,874 759,325 726,253 741,650 1.2%
Spinach 452,113 524,824 586,711 628,391 629,762 1.0%
Peas 581,409 592,189 610,178 613,598 568,197 0.9%
LeeksTable 4.2.3 note [6] 536,960 521,337 491,520 585,853 525,434 0.9%
Celery 363,342 536,217 487,834 468,411 462,529 0.8%
Brussels sprouts 247,528 275,493 306,673 323,852 330,020 0.5%
Chicory and witloof chicory 349,045 334,696 318,726 321,265 301,626 0.5%
Olives 88,330 122,924 100,419 126,763 139,849 0.2%
Globe artichokes 88,193 99,699 91,023 97,742 138,580 0.2%
Leguminous vegetables, nesTable 4.2.3 note [7] 123,250 121,917 109,364 114,215 94,764 0.2%
Other vegetables, nesTable 4.2.3 note [7] 4,126,783 4,489,368 4,698,196 5,005,290 4,963,799 8.2%
Total 53,776,934 56,994,758 60,230,677 60,545,860 60,381,000 100.0%

Notes:

Table 4.2.3 note [1]

Only "fresh or chilled" vegetables were considered in calculations for this table.

Return to table 4.2.3 note [1] referrer

Table 4.2.3 note [2]

Includes greenhouse vegetables and mushrooms.

Return to table 4.2.3 note [2] referrer

Table 4.2.3 note [3]

Does not includes potatoes.

Return to table 4.2.3 note [3] referrer

Table 4.2.3 note [4]

Includes cabbage lettuce.

Return to table 4.2.3 note [4] referrer

Table 4.2.3 note [5]

Includes similar brassicas but excludes cauliflowers, headed broccoli and brussels sprouts.

Return to table 4.2.3 note [5] referrer

Table 4.2.3 note [6]

Includes other alliaceous vegetables.

Return to table 4.2.3 note [6] referrer

Table 4.2.3 note [7]

nes: Not elsewhere specified.

Return to table 4.2.3 note [7] referrer

Source: Global Trade Tracker. (April 2023)

4.2.4. Top selected fresh vegetableTable 4.2.4 note [1]Table 4.2.4 note [2]Table 4.2.4 note [3] imports worldwide — by volume (metric tons)

  2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2022 %
Share
Onions and shallots 7,565,516 8,078,674 7,625,624 7,413,038 6,674,224 17.4%
Tomatoes 7,392,672 7,519,756 7,219,934 7,573,398 6,597,585 17.2%
Peppers 3,578,675 3,619,043 3,757,975 3,977,099 3,599,550 9.4%
Cucumbers and gherkins 2,716,152 2,799,734 2,840,455 2,914,631 2,846,685 7.4%
Cabbages, kohlrabi and kaleTable 4.2.4 note [4] 2,835,241 3,038,241 2,994,589 3,140,075 2,673,791 7.0%
Carrots and turnips 2,769,384 2,692,678 2,641,356 2,671,354 2,277,662 5.9%
LettuceTable 4.2.4 note [5] 2,010,147 2,117,355 2,067,710 2,268,332 2,151,575 5.6%
Garlic 2,166,886 1,968,397 2,343,047 2,174,816 2,027,656 5.3%
Pumpkins, squash and gourds 1,539,671 1,603,558 1,660,080 1,724,897 1,544,302 4.0%
Cauliflowers and headed broccoli 1,063,477 1,128,402 1,135,782 1,227,042 1,252,227 3.3%
Mushrooms 702,408 735,824 738,511 748,665 729,698 1.9%
Beans 658,911 614,942 671,039 693,139 602,171 1.6%
Aubergines "eggplants" 475,163 468,658 469,677 487,110 425,450 1.1%
Asparagus 433,884 437,439 428,895 487,641 416,254 1.1%
Celery 361,829 409,926 427,951 411,739 362,378 0.9%
LeeksTable 4.2.4 note [6] 306,710 298,242 289,641 304,847 320,684 0.8%
Peas 313,181 330,861 295,432 325,662 252,517 0.7%
Spinach 196,360 212,699 210,021 229,639 213,909 0.6%
Brussels sprouts 176,082 178,085 199,587 215,642 200,077 0.5%
Chicory and witloof chicory 174,376 167,116 148,687 160,652 152,400 0.4%
Olives 56,184 89,274 66,203 84,843 93,015 0.2%
Globe artichokes 45,374 53,096 46,162 48,245 77,582 0.2%
Leguminous vegetables, nesTable 4.2.4 note [7] 125,537 114,840 82,601 67,562 45,066 0.1%
Other vegetables, nesTable 4.2.4 note [7] 2,862,462 3,760,987 3,062,250 3,056,919 2,748,463 7.2%
Total 40,526,282 42,437,827 41,423,209 42,406,987 38,284,921 100.0%

Notes:

Table 4.2.4 note [1]

Only "fresh or chilled" vegetables were considered in calculations for this table.

Return to table 4.2.4 note [1] referrer

Table 4.2.4 note [2]

Includes greenhouse vegetables and mushrooms.

Return to table 4.2.4 note [2] referrer

Table 4.2.4 note [3]

Does not includes potatoes.

Return to table 4.2.4 note [3] referrer

Table 4.2.4 note [4]

Includes similar brassicas but excludes cauliflowers, headed broccoli and brussels sprouts.

Return to table 4.2.4 note [4] referrer

Table 4.2.4 note [5]

Includes cabbage lettuce.

Return to table 4.2.4 note [5] referrer

Table 4.2.4 note [6]

Includes other alliaceous vegetables.

Return to table 4.2.4 note [6] referrer

Table 4.2.4 note [7]

nes: Not elsewhere specified.

Return to table 4.2.4 note [7] referrer

Source: Global Trade Tracker. (April 2023)

4.2.5. Top exporters of fresh vegetablesTable 4.2.5 note [1]Table 4.2.5 note [2] worldwide — by value (CAN$ '000)

  2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2022 %
Share
Mexico 8,308,149 9,341,973 10,392,851 9,871,447 10,143,970 16.5%
Spain 7,957,118 8,430,366 8,993,624 9,613,433 9,656,416 15.7%
Netherlands 8,344,392 8,649,723 8,850,873 8,771,288 8,505,111 13.8%
China 5,421,175 6,590,802 7,115,607 7,277,420 7,757,097 12.6%
United States 2,780,397 2,948,087 2,853,873 2,785,840 3,037,059 4.9%
Canada 1,736,653 1,940,540 2,241,828 2,197,148 2,569,755 4.2%
Italy 2,031,750 2,030,948 2,124,517 2,261,536 2,186,368 3.5%
Morocco 1,368,536 1,521,436 1,662,319 1,646,982 2,071,657 3.4%
France 1,521,994 1,594,915 1,654,462 1,761,130 1,868,530 3.0%
Poland 1,064,698 1,125,873 1,083,920 1,136,512 1,307,921 2.1%
Belgium 1,100,194 1,178,529 1,228,244 1,273,377 1,155,435 1.9%
Türkiye 726,431 821,961 909,114 1,038,666 1,063,747 1.7%
Iran 977,256 1,240,526 1,164,290 1,050,087 1,041,750 1.7%
India 784,701 739,083 730,420 789,260 913,810 1.5%
Peru 672,520 731,463 725,288 728,065 723,657 1.2%
Others 7,913,594 8,421,628 8,311,184 8,344,759 7,623,575 12.4%
Total 52,709,558 57,307,853 60,042,414 60,546,950 61,625,858 100.0%

Notes:

Table 4.2.5 note [1]

Does not include potatoes.

Return to table 4.2.5 note [1] referrer

Table 4.2.5 note [2]

Includes greenhouse vegetables and mushrooms.

Return to table 4.2.5 note [2] referrer

Source: Global Trade Tracker. (April 2023)

4.2.6. Top exporters of fresh vegetablesTable 4.2.6 note [1]Table 4.2.6 note [2] worldwide — by volume (metric tons)

  2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2022 %
Share
Mexico 6,171,728 12,010,119 8,623,319 7,381,383 8,654,052 18.9%
China 5,680,896 5,854,067 6,340,233 5,776,807 6,095,150 13.3%
Netherlands 5,036,973 5,123,686 5,168,119 5,125,787 5,103,262 11.2%
Spain 5,109,849 5,396,942 5,378,461 5,421,182 4,983,473 10.9%
Iran 2,050,484 2,262,483 2,524,837 2,611,551 2,952,591 6.5%
India 1,966,366 1,734,717 1,773,465 1,745,230 2,421,928 5.3%
United States 1,627,834 1,613,979 1,553,137 1,615,514 1,461,593 3.2%
Morocco 981,222 934,992 1,068,955 1,165,225 1,307,732 2.9%
Türkiye 1,035,225 1,141,156 1,186,045 1,488,097 1,261,319 2.8%
France 998,333 1,024,932 1,008,907 1,028,132 1,108,517 2.4%
Canada 841,278 882,066 876,820 941,045 1,022,474 2.2%
Poland 768,334 703,688 685,611 728,400 881,976 1.9%
Italy 867,298 844,845 863,425 864,213 836,524 1.8%
Belgium 832,935 950,557 970,756 891,724 805,302 1.8%
Uzbekistan 448,291 573,260 455,210 487,435 495,970 1.1%
Others 7,710,227 8,019,624 7,713,203 8,473,869 6,322,030 13.8%
Total 42,127,273 49,071,113 46,190,503 45,745,594 45,713,893 100.0%

Notes:

Table 4.2.6 note [1]

Does not include potatoes.

Return to table 4.2.6 note [1] referrer

Table 4.2.6 note [2]

Includes greenhouse vegetables and mushrooms.

Return to table 4.2.6 note [2] referrer

Source: Global Trade Tracker. (April 2023)

4.2.7. Top selected fresh vegetableTable 4.2.7 note [1]Table 4.2.7 note [2]Table 4.2.7 note [3] exports worldwide — by value (CAN$ '000)

  2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2022 %
Share
Tomatoes 11,768,922 11,934,128 13,129,830 13,066,768 13,368,907 21.7%
Peppers 6,636,166 7,203,068 7,888,918 7,875,643 7,189,036 11.7%
Onions and shallots 4,513,903 5,582,117 5,206,502 4,825,927 5,450,467 8.8%
Cucumbers and gherkins 3,449,649 3,469,655 3,778,665 3,888,710 4,349,141 7.1%
LettuceTable 4.2.7 note [4] 3,286,484 3,513,375 3,533,915 3,785,408 4,161,959 6.7%
Garlic 2,727,448 3,738,568 4,235,312 3,879,999 3,539,473 5.7%
Mushrooms 2,562,626 2,717,158 2,837,702 3,067,246 2,940,288 4.8%
Cauliflowers and headed broccoli 1,851,514 2,443,535 2,172,207 2,228,567 2,608,905 4.2%
Cabbages, kohlrabi and kaleTable 4.2.7 note [5] 2,037,401 2,366,055 2,214,241 2,414,941 2,096,252 3.4%
Pumpkins, squash and gourds 1,742,113 1,739,490 2,097,630 1,877,336 2,015,055 3.3%
Carrots and turnips 1,989,596 1,945,525 1,873,627 1,923,496 1,982,627 3.2%
Asparagus 1,613,943 1,701,664 1,602,489 1,747,711 1,499,684 2.4%
Beans 1,109,361 1,120,648 1,323,069 1,349,495 1,298,472 2.1%
Spinach 445,801 525,960 757,849 1,003,966 1,205,045 2.0%
Aubergines "eggplants" 646,667 687,177 761,192 720,677 739,138 1.2%
Peas 491,089 477,638 494,220 520,339 470,597 0.8%
Celery 360,435 456,177 443,641 461,011 468,755 0.8%
Chicory and witloof chicory 382,909 401,600 372,949 360,455 387,180 0.6%
LeeksTable 4.2.7 note [6] 389,623 420,877 403,642 474,965 364,639 0.6%
Brussels sprouts 225,659 254,047 293,223 313,502 335,113 0.5%
Leguminous vegetables, nesTable 4.2.7 note [7] 168,034 215,816 206,268 183,382 163,272 0.3%
Olives 106,067 95,703 99,347 117,352 99,030 0.2%
Globe artichokes 71,032 85,533 77,312 81,379 82,227 0.1%
Other vegetables, nesTable 4.2.7 note [7] 4,601,693 4,719,416 4,564,410 4,711,949 4,867,201 7.9%
Total 53,178,135 57,814,930 60,368,160 60,880,224 61,682,463 100.0%

Notes:

Table 4.2.7 note [1]

Only "fresh or chilled" vegetables were considered in calculations for this table.

Return to table 4.2.7 note [1] referrer

Table 4.2.7 note [2]

Includes greenhouse vegetables and mushrooms.

Return to table 4.2.7 note [2] referrer

Table 4.2.7 note [3]

Does not includes potatoes.

Return to table 4.2.7 note [3] referrer

Table 4.2.7 note [4]

Includes cabbage lettuce.

Return to table 4.2.7 note [4] referrer

Table 4.2.7 note [5]

Includes similar brassicas but excludes cauliflowers, headed broccoli and brussels sprouts.

Return to table 4.2.7 note [5] referrer

Table 4.2.7 note [6]

Includes other alliaceous vegetables.

Return to table 4.2.7 note [6] referrer

Table 4.2.7 note [7]

nes: Not elsewhere specified.

Return to table 4.2.7 note [7] referrer

Source: Global Trade Tracker. (April 2023)

4.2.8. Top selected fresh vegetableTable 4.2.8 note [1]Table 4.2.8 note [2]Table 4.2.8 note [3] exports worldwide — by volume (metric tons)

  2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2022 %
Share
Onions and shallots 8,220,127 9,265,438 9,161,621 9,031,938 8,835,201 19.3%
Tomatoes 8,132,338 8,095,276 7,917,614 8,278,617 7,771,624 17.0%
LettuceTable 4.2.8 note [4] 2,143,268 7,175,660 3,760,245 2,632,117 3,926,849 8.6%
Peppers 3,512,489 3,640,854 3,950,766 4,118,737 3,567,387 7.8%
Cucumbers and gherkins 2,988,378 3,106,512 3,050,735 3,069,481 3,047,922 6.6%
Carrots and turnips 2,875,271 2,939,890 2,928,026 2,924,441 2,752,505 6.0%
Cabbages, kohlrabi and kaleTable 4.2.8 note [5] 2,467,584 3,041,884 2,539,774 2,648,493 2,706,827 5.9%
Garlic 2,306,754 2,255,666 2,766,241 2,401,469 2,528,943 5.5%
Cauliflowers and headed broccoli 1,379,169 1,648,013 1,747,747 1,629,512 1,911,424 4.2%
Pumpkins, squash and gourds 1,675,083 1,694,971 1,765,723 1,855,434 1,618,128 3.5%
Mushrooms 706,272 734,847 754,406 797,103 760,849 1.7%
Aubergines "eggplants" 597,410 616,610 632,744 669,749 615,410 1.3%
Beans 593,032 570,005 697,592 757,057 611,573 1.3%
Spinach 163,550 205,569 274,172 349,434 402,098 0.9%
Asparagus 415,619 420,219 396,300 463,533 396,862 0.9%
Celery 340,162 357,096 371,613 402,556 385,548 0.8%
LeeksTable 4.2.8 note [6] 287,768 293,886 293,265 304,091 273,163 0.6%
Peas 455,956 320,260 279,245 319,238 237,136 0.5%
Chicory and witloof chicory 203,919 218,892 193,907 201,868 213,774 0.5%
Brussels sprouts 156,244 159,902 181,918 197,680 206,981 0.5%
Leguminous vegetables, nesTable 4.2.8 note [7] 176,951 151,723 134,449 130,211 114,456 0.2%
Olives 78,648 78,398 63,301 106,056 70,919 0.2%
Globe artichokes 38,614 47,590 38,410 37,608 32,064 0.1%
Other vegetables, nesTable 4.2.8 note [7] 2,981,695 2,961,886 2,789,769 2,951,547 2,846,090 6.2%
Total 42,896,301 50,001,047 46,689,583 46,277,970 45,833,733 100.0%
Table 4.2.8 note [1]

Only "fresh or chilled" vegetables were considered in calculations for this table.

Return to table 4.2.8 note [1] referrer

Table 4.2.8 note [2]

Includes greenhouse vegetables and mushrooms.

Return to table 4.2.8 note [2] referrer

Table 4.2.8 note [3]

Does not includes potatoes.

Return to table 4.2.8 note [3] referrer

Table 4.2.8 note [4]

Includes cabbage lettuce.

Return to table 4.2.8 note [4] referrer

Table 4.2.8 note [5]

Includes similar brassicas but excludes cauliflowers, headed broccoli and brussels sprouts.

Return to table 4.2.8 note [5] referrer

Table 4.2.8 note [6]

Includes other alliaceous vegetables.

Return to table 4.2.8 note [6] referrer

Table 4.2.8 note [7]

nes: Not elsewhere specified.

Return to table 4.2.8 note [7] referrer

Source: Global Trade Tracker. (April 2023)

5. Key resources

  • FAOSTAT
  • Global Trade Tracker
  • Statistics Canada. Table 32-10-0166-01 Farms classified by farm type, Census of Agriculture historical data
  • Statistics Canada. Table 32-10-0365-01 Area, production and farm gate value of vegetables
  • Statistics Canada. Table 32-10-0054-01 Food available in Canada
  • Statistics Canada. CATSNET