Statistical overview of the Canadian fruit industry, 2022

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Overview

Despite a relatively short growing season, Canadian farmers produce a wide range of fruits, including apples, tender fruits (peaches, nectarines, pears, plums, prunes and cherries), grapes, blueberries, cranberries, haskaps, strawberries and raspberries. Southern Ontario and southwest British Columbia, which each enjoy about 180 frost-free days every year, produce much of the fruit grown in the country, while Quebec and the Maritimes also have significant fruit production, despite having only about 120 frost-free days per year. Fruits accounted for 19.2% of total farm cash receiptsFootnote1 for edibleFootnote2 horticulture in Canada in 2022.

Continuing the trend of farm consolidation from the previous census and aging of farm operators, the number of fruit, berry and nut farms dropped by 9.5% from 2016 (7,845 farms) to 2021 (7,101 farms). The total production area of fruits, berries and nuts, estimated at 136,741 hectares in 2022, was 0.9% lower than the previous year but 2.6% above the 5-year average, reflecting an upward trend in blueberry, cranberry, haskap and sweet cherry planted acreage and a declining trend mostly in raspberry and strawberry acreage over the last 5 years.

After falling to its lowest level in a decade in 2021 due to an unusual combination of extreme weather events across the country, the overall production volume for all fruits bounced back with a 13% increase in 2022. Fruit production reached 956,576 metric tons in 2022, representing the second highest level in a decade (peak production reached in 2016), led by a surge in the production of lowbush blueberries (+49.3%), cranberries (+33.6%), raspberries (+24.7%), sweet cherries (+11.8%) and apples (+8.3%). The most notable production declines affected grapes (-13.5%), highbush blueberries (-2.7%) and apricots (-2.4%).

In 2022, a massive increase in cranberry and lowbush blueberry production in Quebec propelled this province to the top fruit production rank accounting for 33.6% of the country’s production volume, ahead of Ontario (27.6%), and British Columbia (26.3%). These 3 provinces accounted collectively for 87.5% of Canada’s total fruit production volume in 2022, while Nova Scotia (6.8%), New Brunswick (4.5%) and Prince Edward Island (1%) accounted together for a little over 12% of production, with small amounts of fruit produced in Newfoundland and Labrador and the prairie provinces.

British Columbia’s fruit production reached a peak of 308,601 metric tons in 2018, and has since been dropping for 4 consecutive years. The most significant drop occurred in 2021, when overall production fell by 8.5%, with all fruit crops being affected to varying degrees by the unprecedented and persistent heat wave that the province experienced between June 25 and July 1, 2021. This was followed by a series of devastating winter floods in November 2021 affecting the southern, central and coastal regions of British Columbia and parts of neighbouring Washington State. While in 2022, most fruit crop production volumes rebounded from the lows reached the previous year, overall British Columbia’s fruit production volume still saw a year-over-year decrease of 3% reaching its second lowest level in the last decade (only 5% above the lowest level reached in 2013). Apples and grapes saw the most significant drops with crop volumes down respectively by 9% and 9.5%, making both crops the smallest crops in the last 10 years. Apple trees were extremely stressed in 2021 due to the deadly heat dome that British Columbia faced and had smaller yields in 2022 as the lingering effects of the drought and heat wave continued to unfold well into 2022. While still 11% below the 5-year average, sweet cherry production volume was up 12% in 2022, after dropping for 3 consecutive seasons from 2019 to 2021. Aside from a late-spring cold snap, the 2022 growing season went relatively well for cherries. Raspberry production was also up significantly with a year-over-year increase of almost 40%, but still 14.7% below the 5-year average. It is worth noting that both raspberries and sweet cherries, which had the highest year-over-year volume increases among fruit crops in 2022, were almost the hardest hit fruit crops in 2021 with production declines of 36.6% and 16.7% respectively. British Columbia which accounts for 95% of the country’s highbush blueberry production, had its smallest blueberry crop in the last 5 years, as the 2022 crop volume dropped by 3.4% to reach 66,472 metric tons. A disease that is spreading through the British Columbia fields, which was initially thought to be scorch virus, but has yet to be identified, is lowering yields by reducing plant vigour, with some bushes not bearing fruit and potentially dying. Research, funded by Genome BC is currently underway to help identify the pathogen causing unhealthy blueberry plants.

Ontario’s overall fruit production volume was up by 12.2% from the previous year, mainly as a result of a 29% surge in apple production. The 2022 apple crop was Ontario’s second largest apple crop over the last decade (only 10% smaller than the 2013 crop), leading the industry to scramble for enough bins and storage space to hold the apples. Despite the many challenges that this sector, including labour shortages and high and persistent inflation, a members survey conducted by Ontario Apple Growers (OAG), asking them about their planting intentions for the next 5 years, appears to point to an optimistic view of the future. According to the OAG, 44% of the respondents indicated that they intend to increase their acreage, while 44% said they planned to maintain their orchard size at current levels, with only 11% planning to decrease the size of their orchards. Ontario, which grows most of Canada’s tender fruits, reported good volumes of fruit in most areas with an exceptional quality, leading to higher prices for growers which helped offset some of the increased costs in labour and production inputs. Ontario’s grape and wine industry, which accounts for the largest share of Canada’s production, experienced another challenging year in 2022 due to winter damage and vine loss, particularly in the Niagara area. Weather conditions from November 2021 through January 2022, caused significant damage to grape vines, which had not been able to acclimate properly after they had already been stressed by a series of climatic events including a relatively dry summer, followed by an excess rainfall in September and October 2021 and a mild December that impacted grape yields, fruit quality and delayed acclimation. Despite the significant challenges that affected the Ontario grape growers, the 2022 vintage is expected to result in excellent wines due to the warm and dry summer months that the province experienced.

Fruit production volume in Quebec reached an all-time high of 321,363 metric tons in 2022, representing an increase of 36.7% over the previous year, mainly as a result of a surge in cranberry and lowbush (wild) blueberry production. The 2021 lowbush blueberry crop in Quebec, the second lowest in the last ten years, was significantly impacted by a combination of frosts during the bloom phase (end of May / early June) and an extended dry period in June that further inhibited proper fruit development. In stark contrast to the previous season, 2022 saw very favourable growing conditions throughout the season, resulting in a bumper lowbush blueberry crop, which almost tripled in size compared to the 2021 crop. With a crop volume of 47,383 metric tons, which is 41.6% above the 5-year average, Quebec accounted for 43% of the country’s total production and remained the top lowbush blueberry producing province. Quebec, which is also the country’s leading producer of cranberries, had it’s largest cranberry crop in 2022, accounting for almost 73% of Canada’s cranberry production. With an all-time record production volume of 151,739 metric tons (MT), representing a 51.6% increase over the below-average 2021 crop, the 2022 harvest will be remembered as an exceptional one for Quebec cranberry producers. While with 4,677 hectares (11,557 acres) the harvested area was up by 7.3% year-over-year, the major driver behind this surge in production was a 41% jump in yields, which increased from 22.95 MT/hectare to 32.44 MT/hectare. An extremely good bud set from the previous fall, as well as very favorable growing conditions and timely rains in 2022 were all contributing factors that led to these exceptionally high yields. With a production volume of 100,944 MT in 2022, Quebec’s apple production was up by 3.3%, but still 1% below the 5-year provincial average. Strawberry production was flat in 2022, with a production volume of 14,288 MT, accounting for 57% of the country’s total strawberry crop.

Fruit production in Atlantic Canada was up by 1.7% in 2022 reaching 118,526 metric tons, mostly as a result of a 17.6% surge in lowbush blueberry production in New Brunswick. Yields were up in New Brunswick despite blueberry producers having 9,000 fewer pollination hives available due to overwinter losses. Researchers across the Atlantic region are striving to better understand critical stages of fruit development to optimize the timing of pollination, pest management, and harvest. Production is expected to increase over the next 10 years with the sector’s focus on adopting beneficial management practices to maximize yields, reactivation of derelict fields in Nova Scotia, and increased acreage in New Brunswick and Prince Edward Island. Nova Scotia’s blueberry and apple growers are using new data analysis tools and a network of on-farm weather stations to improve yields and profitability.

With a production volume of 380,571 metric tons, apples continued to lead the fruit sector in terms of tonnage, accounting for 39.8% of the total production of Canadian fruit in 2022. Cranberries were the second most important fruit crop in terms of production volume (209,205 metric tons, 21.9%), followed by blueberries (180,116 metric tons, 18.8%), grapes (90,182 metric tons, 9.4%), strawberries (25,072 metric tons, 2.6%), peaches (20,815 metric tons, 2.2%) and sweet cherries (18,345 metric tons, 1.9%).

Canada is the second-largest commercial producer of blueberries in the world, behind only the United States, and the industry has a fully integrated production and processing supply chain using modern production practices and processing technologies. Canada produces and processes two types of blueberries: highbush (cultivated blueberries) and lowbush (wild blueberries). Lowbush blueberries are native to eastern and Atlantic Canada with commercial production limited to the provinces of Quebec, New Brunswick, Nova Scotia and Prince Edward Island, while British Columbia accounts for the bulk (95% in 2022) of Canada’s highbush blueberry production. Canada is also the second largest producer of cranberries after the United States. Quebec and British Columbia together accounted for almost 95% of Canada’s cranberry crop in 2022, while New Brunswick is the third largest cranberry-producing province and produced 3.3% of Canada’s crop in 2022. Quebec is currently not only Canada’s largest cranberry-producing province, accounting for 72.5% of the total Canadian cranberry crop, but also the largest producer of organic cranberries in the world.

Canada’s fruit farm gate value rose by 15.3% to an all time high of $1.41 billion in 2022 as a result of a higher production volume and stronger fruit prices. Almost all fruit crops were able to benefit from higher prices, which helped offset some of the rising costs in labour, packaging and production inputs. The most significant year-over-year price increases were seen in grapes (+10.6%), apples (+8.6%), apricots and sweet cherries (+7.3%), pears (+7.1%), strawberries (+6.8%) and peaches (+5.1%).

In 2022, British Columbia accounted for the largest share of fruit farm gate value (32.6%), followed by Quebec (27.9%), Ontario (25.3%), Nova Scotia (7.1%) and New Brunswick (4.9%). With a 2022 farm gate value of almost $364 million (an all-time high), blueberries continued to be the most important fruit crop in terms of value, followed by apples ($285 million), grapes ($196 million), cranberries ($185 million) and strawberries ($144 million).

Given Canada’s northern latitude and short growing season, the country is highly dependent on imports to satisfy the growing domestic demand for fruits throughout the year. As a result, Canada’s fresh and frozen fruit trade deficit has been steadily growing, reaching an all-time high of almost $6.2 billion in 2022. Canada’s fresh and frozen fruit exports have grown by 36.8% over the last five years to reach an all-time high of $1.1 billion in 2022, while the country’s fresh and frozen fruit imports have increased by 17.5% during the same time to reach their highest level of almost $7.3 billion in 2022. The impressive growth in Canada’s fruit exports over the last 5 years is mainly due to a surge in exports of blueberries (up almost 40%), sweet cherries (up 43%), apples (up 13%), strawberries (3.4 fold increase) and raspberries (2,6 fold increase).

With close to $663 million in exports, blueberries continue to be Canada’s top fruit export and accounted for 59.1% of the country’s fruit export value in 2022, followed by sweet cherries (11.6%), cranberries (6.3%), apples (4.6%), strawberries (3.1%) and raspberries (2.1%). As Canadian blueberry production has been increasing over the last decade, the industry has been actively pursuing export development activities by increasing exports to existing markets as well as exploring new markets. While the U.S. is Canada’s top export destination, absorbing 67.2% of all Canadian blueberry exports in 2022 in terms of volume, the highbush blueberry sector is more heavily dependent on this single market (93.5% of exports) than the lowbush blueberry sector (48.5% of exports). This is partially due to the mix of exports, which for lowbush blueberries is mostly (89%) composed of frozen product that can easily be shipped to distant overseas markets, whereas for highbush blueberries, fresh fruit (which has a limited shelf life) made up 34.6% of exports in 2022 and frozen fruit accounted for 65.4%.

1. Production

1.1. Number of fruit farms1 by province

  2011 2016 2021 2021 %
Share
Newfoundland and Labrador 44 26 30 0.4%
Prince Edward Island 173 175 148 2.1%
Nova Scotia 971 890 619 8.7%
New Brunswick 379 415 319 4.5%
Quebec 1,414 1,495 1,470 20.7%
Ontario 1,548 1,362 1,211 17.1%
Manitoba 94 75 66 0.9%
Saskatchewan 112 90 79 1.1%
Alberta 151 137 123 1.7%
British Columbia 3,367 3,180 3,036 42.8%
Canada 8,253 7,845 7,101 100.0%
Note:

1. Number of farms includes all farms reported to be growing fruits and on which fruit production represents 50% or more of total farm cash receipts.

Source: Statistics Canada. Table 32-10-0166-01 Farms classified by farm type, Census of Agriculture historical data

1.2. Total fruit area1 by commodity — hectares

  2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2022 %
Share
Lowbush blueberries 65,642 65,159 65,341 68,625 68,577 50.2%
Apples 17,450 17,230 17,885 18,147 17,846 13.1%
Grapes2 12,517 12,521 13,302 13,826 13,335 9.8%
Highbush blueberries 11,036 11,604 11,712 12,367 12,080 8.8%
Cranberries 7,241 7,382 7,917 7,970 8,356 6.1%
Strawberries 3,904 3,839 3,858 4,099 3,763 2.8%
Cherries, sweet 2,104 2,128 2,464 2,953 2,985 2.2%
Peaches 2,503 2,465 2,555 2,665 2,566 1.9%
Raspberries 2,093 1,963 1,739 1,652 1,499 1.1%
Haskaps 557 668 1,041 1172 1,180 0.9%
Saskatoon berries 977 956 1,066 1,080 1,080 0.8%
Pears 843 832 819 871 874 0.6%
Cherries, sour 996 926 859 791 790 0.6%
Plums and prunes 616 608 627 600 599 0.4%
Nectarines 317 309 303 309 320 0.2%
Currants 107 125 142 167 169 0.1%
Apricots 132 130 119 113 112 0.1%
Blackberries 120 111 x 101 92 0.1%
Kiwis .. .. .. 17 14 0.0%
Other fruits x 580 582 523 504 0.4%
Total fruits 129,968 129,535 132,435 137,948 136,741 100.0%

Notes:

1. Total area includes bearing and non-bearing area.

2. Includes table grapes and wine grapes.

x. Suppressed to meet the confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act.

.. Not available for a specific reference period.

Source: Statistics Canada. Table 32-10-0364-01 Estimates, production and farm gate value of fresh and processed fruits

1.3. Total fruit area1 by province — hectares

  2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2022 %
Share
Newfoundland and Labrador 283 239 306 337 310 0.2%
Prince Edward Island 5,694 5,601 5,449 5,502 5,573 4.1%
Nova Scotia 18,208 18,087 18,332 18,598 18,607 13.6%
New Brunswick 16,284 16,432 16,965 17,090 17,223 12.6%
Quebec 43,012 42,750 43,296 46,968 46,708 34.2%
Ontario 19,839 19,468 19,416 19,684 19,371 14.2%
Manitoba 230 211 210 220 206 0.2%
Saskatchewan 705 641 696 659 617 0.5%
Alberta 804 779 985 959 952 0.7%
British Columbia 24,906 25,327 26,781 27,931 27,174 19.9%
Canada 129,967 129,535 132,436 137,948 136,741 100.0%

Note:

1. Total fruit area includes bearing and non-bearing area.

Source: Statistics Canada. Table 32-10-0364-01 Estimates, production and farm gate value of fresh and processed fruits

1.4. Fruit production volume by commodity — metric tons

  2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2022 %
Share
Apples 402,978 382,771 390,999 351,565 380,571 39.8%
Cranberries 178,537 156,846 161,143 156,575 209,205 21.9%
Lowbush blueberries  81,932 87,950 71,290 73,773 110,132 11.5%
Grapes1 110,713 121,511 104,709 104,203 90,182 9.4%
Highbush blueberries 73,297 88,540 77,175 71,916 69,984 7.3%
Strawberries 28,039 27,270 24,134 24,615 25,072 2.6%
Peaches 23,777 22,862 15,958 19,427 20,815 2.2%
Cherries, sweet 26,182 22,079 19,355 16,404 18,345 1.9%
Pears 9,053 9,396 8,545 7,533 9,003 0.9%
Raspberries 10,338 9,145 7,608 5,541 6,909 0.7%
Plums and prunes 3,643 4,096 2,993 3,665 3,788 0.4%
Nectarines 4,562 3,435 3,547 4,303 4,476 0.5%
Cherries, sour 3,816 3,669 2,023 3,542 3,747 0.4%
Apricots 1,067 917 747 801 782 0.1%
Saskatoon berries 696 620 685 683 689 0.1%
Blackberries 956 880 677 594 593 0.1%
Haskaps 254 395 431 509 534 0.1%
Currants 181 214 170 185 178 0.0%
Kiwis .. .. .. 33 34 0.0%
Other fruits 2,305 2,516 2,396 1,475 1,539 0.2%
Total fruits 962,325 945,112 894,586 847,155 956,576 100.0%

Notes:

1. Includes table grapes and wine grapes.

.. Not available for a specific reference period.

Source: Statistics Canada. Table 32-10-0364-01 Estimates, production and farm gate value of fresh and processed fruits

1.5. Total fruit production volume — 10-year trend

Source: Statistics Canada. Table 32-10-0364-01 Estimates, production and farm gate value of fresh and processed fruits

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1.5. Total fruit production volume — 10-year trend

  2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022
Total production (metric tonnes) 862,259 915,262 850,816 1,018,099 891,522 962,325 945,112 894,586 847,344 956,576

1.6. Fruit production volume by province — metric tons

  2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2022 %
Share
Newfoundland and Labrador 391 313 473 978 981 0.1%
Prince Edward Island 9,535 10,143 9,518 10,486 9,917 1.0%
Nova Scotia 43,045 51,252 52,745 65,925 64,595 6.8%
New Brunswick 36,482 40,567 25,941 39,176 43,033 4.5%
Quebec 282,437 268,489 266,766 235,008 321,363 33.6%
Ontario 280,161 271,731 254,476 235,277 264,075 27.6%
Manitoba 434 468 345 274 294 0.0%
Saskatchewan 525 549 564 496 496 0.1%
Alberta 714 723 700 671 655 0.1%
British Columbia 308,601 300,878 283,057 259,051 251,165 26.3%
Canada 962,325 945,112 894,586 847,155 956,576 100.0%
Source: Statistics Canada. Table 32-10-0364-01 Estimates, production and farm gate value of fresh and processed fruits

1.7. Fruit farm gate value1 by commodity — thousands of Canadian dollars

  2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2022%
Share
Apples $249,280 $245,740 $258,729 $242,730 $284,626 20.3%
Grapes2 $186,805 $215,619 $193,539 $202,997 $195,795 13.9%
Cranberries $142,960 $133,409 $152,912 $137,011 $184,772 13.1%
Lowbush blueberries $82,719 $122,305 $121,471 $133,773 $183,922 13.1%
Highbush blueberries $177,149 $182,130 $163,732 $176,739 $180,025 12.8%
Strawberries $123,273 $130,436 $126,975 $128,380 $144,496 10.3%
Cherries, sweet $100,948 $89,098 $76,594 $69,610 $84,180 6.0%
Peaches $36,680 $42,726 $32,081 $44,475 $50,933 3.6%
Raspberries $35,452 $32,128 $28,174 $25,995 $32,432 2.3%
Pears $9,638 $10,714 $10,063 $11,489 $14,525 1.0%
Nectarines $9,594 $7,322 $7,962 $12,727 $13,690 1.0%
Plums and prunes $7,248 $8,940 $6,817 $10,070 $11,109 0.8%
Cherries, sour $3,583 $4,282 $2,257 $6,231 $6,790 0.5%
Haskaps $1,316 $2,321 $2,691 $3,322 $3,684 0.3%
Blackberries $4,855 $4,609 $3,737 $3,348 $3,509 0.2%
Saskatoon berries $2,414 $2,293 $2,745 $2,752 $2,915 0.2%
Apricots $2,047 $1,745 $1,402 $2,318 $2,402 0.2%
Currants $682 $874 $704 $937 $990 0.1%
Kiwis .. .. .. $115 $126 0.0%
Other fruits $4,400 $3,890 $5,136 $4,360 $4,611 0.3%
Total fruits $1,181,043 $1,240,582 $1,197,718 $1,208,373 $1,405,532 100.0%

Notes:

1. Farm-gate value is the value received by producers at the point of first transaction, when ownership first changes hands. This value excludes any separately billed costs such as delivery, storage, marketing and administration.

2. Includes table grapes and wine grapes.

.. Not available for a specific reference period.

Source: Statistics Canada. Table 32-10-0364-01 Estimates, production and farm gate value of fresh and processed fruits

1.8. Fruit farm gate value1 by province — thousands of Canadian dollars

  2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2022 %
Share
Newfoundland and Labrador $943 $930 $1,154 $1,636 $1,702 0.1%
Prince Edward Island $10,103 $12,705 $15,820 $19,243 $20,302 1.4%
Nova Scotia $50,016 $60,378 $66,954 $92,068 $100,427 7.1%
New Brunswick $38,741 $48,360 $36,932 $62,945 $69,434 4.9%
Quebec $275,514 $312,736 $333,503 $283,595 $392,324 27.9%
Ontario $314,068 $326,454 $300,192 $316,485 $355,601 25.3%
Manitoba $2,135 $2,211 $1,685 $1,574 $1,819 0.1%
Saskatchewan $2,545 $2,707 $2,702 $2,437 $2,600 0.2%
Alberta $3,364 $3,355 $3,196 $2,722 $2,798 0.2%
British Columbia $483,612 $470,747 $435,580 $436,672 $458,525 32.6%
Canada $1,181,043 $1,240,582 $1,197,718 $1,208,373 $1,405,532 100.0%

Note:

1. Farm-gate value is the value received by producers at the point of first transaction, when ownership first changes hands. This value excludes any separately billed costs such as delivery, storage, marketing and administration.

Source: Statistics Canada. Table 32-10-0364-01 Estimates, production and farm gate value of fresh and processed fruits

2. Trade

2.1. Canadian fruit1 trade balance — by value (thousands of Canadian dollars)

  2018 2019 2020 2021 2022
Exports $819,641 $843,012 $879,520 $906,466 $1,121,633
Imports $6,194,146 $6,362,608 $6,650,450 $6,856,678 $7,275,091
Trade Balance
(Exports − Imports)
-$5,374,505 -$5,519,596 -$5,770,931 -$5,950,212 -$6,153,458

Note:

1. May include dried fruits.

Source: Statistics Canada. (CATSnet, March 2023)

2.2. Exports

2.2.1. Fruit export value1 by commodity — thousands of Canadian dollars

  2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2022 %
Share
Lowbush blueberries2 $238,821 $294,821 $314,238 $303,938 $366,179 32.6%
Highbush blueberries2 $236,021 $257,944 $224,599 $226,998 $296,710 26.5%
Cherries, sweet $90,594 $67,608 $72,628 $79,402 $129,925 11.6%
Cranberries $82,586 $47,682 $57,864 $65,164 $70,767 6.3%
Apples3 $45,222 $41,088 $42,318 $50,368 $51,230 4.6%
Strawberries2 $10,169 $11,451 $11,523 $14,478 $34,637 3.1%
Raspberries2, 4 $9,216 $9,068 $12,881 $16,774 $23,546 2.1%
Almonds $80 $547 $550 $11,195 $5,224 0.5%
Hazelnuts or filberts $417 $179 $1,877 $1,959 $927 0.1%
Grapes3 $882 $1,339 $177 $950 $368 0.0%
Others $105,634 $111,285 $140,864 $135,240 $142,120 12.7%
Total $819,641 $843,012 $879,520 $906,466 $1,121,633 100.0%

Notes:

1. Fresh fruit unless otherwise specified.

2. Includes frozen.

3. Includes dried.

4. Includes mulberries.

Source: Statistics Canada. (CATSnet, March 2023)

2.2.2. Fruit export volume1 by commodity — metric tons

  2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2022 %
Share
Lowbush blueberries2 89,684 103,263 94,516 72,296 76,826 23.3%
Apples3 27,480 36,745 35,703 47,333 68,029 20.6%
Highbush blueberries2 53,526 67,035 61,689 54,731 54,472 16.5%
Cranberries 73,553 39,358 53,987 52,609 49,310 14.9%
Cherries, sweet 10,852 8,207 6,851 9,691 12,148 3.7%
Strawberries2 1,857 2,006 1,622 2,472 5,465 1.7%
Raspberries2, 4 2,968 3,663 4,556 2,491 3,154 1.0%
Watermelons 344 1,373 753 373 2,035 0.6%
Almonds 11 61 62 934 455 0.1%
Grapes3 1,577 2,650 214 1,259 410 0.1%
Others 53,974 54,163 63,253 57,216 57,728 17.5%
Total 315,826 318,524 323,207 301,404 330,033 100.0%

Notes:

1. Fresh fruit unless otherwise specified.

2. Includes frozen.

3. Includes dried.

4. Includes mulberries.

Source: Statistics Canada. (CATSnet, March 2023)

2.2.3. Canada's top fruit export destinations — by value (thousands of Canadian dollars)

  2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2022 %
Share
United States $525,992 $546,084 $571,378 $612,502 $790,073 70.4%
Japan $39,719 $41,665 $47,055 $56,878 $66,309 5.9%
Germany $39,212 $48,112 $48,468 $40,955 $44,736 4.0%
China $55,685 $53,583 $45,014 $43,141 $39,352 3.5%
France $8,062 $13,887 $15,491 $13,201 $24,763 2.2%
Netherlands $19,360 $20,854 $27,095 $15,961 $23,399 2.1%
Viet Nam $14,048 $9,053 $10,659 $11,687 $23,278 2.1%
Australia $9,377 $9,391 $13,119 $15,040 $20,362 1.8%
Belgium $14,877 $13,030 $14,255 $15,318 $12,606 1.1%
Poland $21,237 $20,563 $19,945 $11,738 $11,004 1.0%
United Kingdom $9,972 $10,536 $5,871 $8,144 $10,023 0.9%
South Korea $1,147 $2,060 $1,267 $5,555 $7,631 0.7%
Thailand $2,500 $2,007 $3,437 $1,735 $4,421 0.4%
Taiwan $6,359 $4,518 $5,560 $4,373 $4,179 0.4%
Switzerland $8,463 $8,628 $6,876 $6,426 $3,195 0.3%
Others $43,631 $39,120 $44,028 $43,811 $36,302 3.2%
Total $819,641 $843,012 $879,520 $906,466 $1,121,633 100.0%
Source: Statistics Canada. (CATSnet, March 2023)

2.2.4. Canada's top 10 fruit export destinations — by volume (metric tons)

  2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2022 %
Share
United States 217,642 209,438 220,009 205,625 213,921 64.8%
Viet Nam 5,536 8,632 9,029 14,722 42,831 13.0%
Japan 11,495 11,272 11,482 12,136 12,445 3.8%
Germany 16,499 18,149 15,736 11,145 10,975 3.3%
Netherlands 8,911 8,528 9,558 5,154 7,657 2.3%
China 11,492 13,015 11,674 11,271 6,143 1.9%
France 2,769 4,950 4,746 3,176 5,559 1.7%
United Kingdom 4,256 4,182 2,237 3,774 5,021 1.5%
Australia 2,646 2,809 3,519 3,992 4,319 1.3%
Poland 9,066 8,932 7,899 4,253 3,801 1.2%
Belgium 5,145 4,301 4,572 3,680 2,952 0.9%
Korea, South 443 883 453 1,397 1,255 0.4%
Switzerland 3,207 3,012 1,907 1,509 819 0.2%
Taiwan 1,854 1,069 1,151 1,209 739 0.2%
Thailand 510 340 423 198 457 0.1%
Others 14,353 19,011 18,813 18,163 11,137 3.4%
Total 315,826 318,524 323,207 301,404 330,033 100.0%
Source: Statistics Canada. (CATSnet, March 2023)

2.2.5. Export destinations for Canada's top 5 fruit1 exports — by value (thousands of Canadian dollars)

  2018 2019 2020 2021 2022
Lowbush blueberries2 United States $86,206 $124,440 $137,858 $140,666 $184,337
Germany $34,346 $42,471 $42,630 $34,052 $38,134
Japan $27,289 $32,176 $28,589 $29,034 $34,325
France $7,171 $11,758 $12,311 $11,733 $22,865
Australia $3,538 $3,242 $3,741 $11,217 $18,932
Highbush blueberries2 United States $221,304 $246,868 $213,218 $214,814 $280,808
Japan $8,633 $4,663 $3,082 $4,938 $9,811
China $1,512 $1,995 $1,063 $1,188 $2,608
Taiwan $196 $61 $209 $143 $446
Australia $416 $266 $289 $710 $328
Cherries, sweet United States $39,477 $30,143 $38,936 $44,435 $73,647
China $26,559 $24,670 $16,873 $18,047 $27,448
Viet Nam $3,584 $978 $2,989 $3,037 $8,387
Thailand $1,189 $1,019 $3,003 $1,485 $3,993
Singapore $2,662 $1,023 $1,302 $1,018 $2,225
Cranberries United States $81,234 $45,236 $56,739 $63,454 $68,734
Netherlands $283 $180 $266 $693 $782
France $46 $26 $30 $171 $199
Poland $141 $1,244 $19 $0 $198
United Kingdom $215 $107 $203 $50 $180
Apples3 United States $31,947 $29,656 $28,688 $37,534 $33,155
Viet Nam $9,278 $6,429 $6,887 $6,763 $14,213
India $0 $0 $759 $1,144 $815
Israel $0 $155 $2,694 $1,650 $548
United Kingdom $464 $290 $210 $425 $507

Notes:

1. Fresh fruit unless otherwise specified.

2. Includes frozen.

3. Includes dried.

Source: Statistics Canada. (CATSnet, March 2023)

2.2.6. Export destinations for Canada's top 5 fruit1 exports — by volume (metric tons)

  2018 2019 2020 2021 2022
Lowbush blueberries2 United States 33,006 45,750 40,736 34,104 37,267
Germany 14,370 15,708 13,439 8,055 8,441
Japan 8,477 8,940 7,286 5,998 6,215
France 2,417 4,208 3,738 2,627 4,897
Australia 1,084 924 1,042 2,858 3,974
Apples3 Viet Nam 4,924 8,176 8,522 14,005 41,885
United States 18,450 20,234 18,342 22,674 19,910
United Kingdom 717 636 360 1,433 2,250
India 0 0 1,546 5,039 1,486
Israel 0 154 3,130 787 252
Highbush blueberries2 United States 49,873 63,909 58,565 51,516 50,946
Japan 2,141 1,209 766 1,296 2,249
China 358 580 294 305 554
Taiwan 43 16 52 32 82
Australia 110 79 88 223 58
Cranberries United States 73,058 38,160 53,549 51,985 48,560
Netherlands 87 57 75 257 312
Poland 85 712 11 0 114
United Kingdom 52 31 78 16 48
France 24 9 23 70 43
Cherries, sweet United States 4,947 3,657 3,661 5,933 6,794
China 3,004 3,091 1,553 1,942 2,727
Viet Nam 345 96 271 288 798
Thailand 137 122 276 137 360
Singapore 341 96 107 88 196

Notes:

1. Fresh fruit unless otherwise specified.

2. Includes frozen.

3. Includes dried.

Source: Statistics Canada. (CATSnet, March 2023)

2.3. Imports

2.3.1. Fruit import value1 by commodity — thousands of Canadian dollars

  2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2022 %
Share
Grapes2, 3 $628,129 $662,805 $686,286 $669,080 $727,374 10.0%
Strawberries4 $512,752 $516,914 $570,239 $643,430 $667,247 9.2%
Bananas5 $548,865 $567,340 $585,788 $574,867 $637,071 8.8%
Raspberries4, 6 $442,673 $472,422 $517,340 $552,071 $615,616 8.5%
Highbush blueberries4 $302,033 $349,306 $364,146 $423,205 $477,156 6.6%
Avocados $289,204 $315,480 $315,013 $315,504 $351,578 4.8%
Apples3 $290,773 $296,276 $268,740 $272,867 $336,661 4.6%
Mandarins, tangerines and clementines $276,708 $285,208 $316,924 $322,647 $324,839 4.5%
Oranges $276,977 $235,763 $268,102 $260,588 $293,226 4.0%
Almonds $263,162 $271,042 $262,121 $218,696 $200,455 2.8%
Others $2,362,870 $2,390,051 $2,495,731 $2,603,724 $2,643,869 36.3%
Total $6,194,146 $6,362,608 $6,650,450 $6,856,678 $7,275,091 100.0%

Notes:

1. Fresh fruit unless otherwise specified.

2. Includes table grapes and wine grapes.

3. Includes dried.

4. Includes frozen.

5. Includes plantains.

6. Includes blackberries, mulberries and loganberries.

Source: Statistics Canada. (CATSnet, March 2023)

2.3.2. Fruit import volume1 by commodity — metric tons

  2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 20221 %
Share
Bananas2 598,692 603,318 617,507 612,074 597,626 20.8%
Apples3 221,310 206,264 200,040 198,070 227,064 7.9%
Watermelons 227,885 228,225 232,684 257,743 216,566 7.5%
Grapes3, 4 209,697 210,323 212,412 209,943 210,730 7.3%
Oranges 190,740 185,851 195,968 188,162 182,700 6.4%
Mandarins, tangerines and clementines 144,665 143,293 161,309 160,727 148,563 5.2%
Strawberries5 145,201 127,230 134,370 144,012 147,607 5.1%
Pineapples 126,534 119,825 113,087 125,733 128,856 4.5%
Lemons and limes 99,943 101,811 107,169 109,389 110,080 3.8%
Avocados 94,206 94,956 106,680 109,578 98,497 3.4%
Others 805,109 836,203 826,131 875,049 806,837 28.1%
Total 2,863,982 2,857,300 2,907,357 2,990,525 2,875,124 100.0%

Notes:

1. Fresh fruit unless otherwise specified.

2. Includes plantains.

3. Includes dried.

4. Includes table grapes and wine grapes.

5. Includes frozen.

Source: Statistics Canada. (CATSnet, March 2023)

2.3.3. Top sources of Canada's fruit imports — by value (thousands of Canadian dollars)

  2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2022 %
Share
United States $2,581,079 $2,564,829 $2,767,241 $2,760,725 $2,830,025 38.9%
Mexico $950,690 $1,064,312 $1,103,965 $1,225,801 $1,309,172 18.0%
Peru $175,880 $237,314 $278,921 $310,921 $414,002 5.7%
Guatemala $300,649 $292,432 $272,585 $309,204 $382,645 5.3%
Chile $378,556 $355,037 $305,944 $317,432 $335,595 4.6%
South Africa $189,899 $203,636 $230,579 $239,942 $270,520 3.7%
Costa Rica $246,961 $255,536 $262,249 $244,325 $231,195 3.2%
Morocco $124,038 $124,724 $139,300 $151,675 $179,669 2.5%
Viet Nam $150,372 $128,369 $122,462 $134,135 $136,554 1.9%
Türkiye $153,806 $145,111 $154,216 $122,503 $124,063 1.7%
Others $942,217 $991,306 $1,012,989 $1,040,015 $1,061,649 14.6%
Total $6,194,146 $6,362,608 $6,650,450 $6,856,678 $7,275,091 100.0%
Source: Statistics Canada. (CATSnet, March 2023)

2.3.4. Top sources of Canada's fruit imports — by volume (metric tons)

  2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2022 %
Share
United States 1,012,276 989,304 1,008,643 1,018,322 943,102 32.8%
Mexico 357,733 386,089 393,351 423,701 392,123 13.6%
Guatemala 316,431 296,753 276,687 316,205 351,934 12.2%
Costa Rica 272,986 267,078 274,287 250,431 215,285 7.5%
South Africa 93,554 89,086 112,751 130,521 138,909 4.8%
Peru 58,596 68,392 87,897 93,404 110,638 3.8%
Chile 117,449 106,509 90,210 90,676 86,906 3.0%
Morocco 68,238 68,211 73,215 78,393 85,229 3.0%
Honduras 77,378 82,530 72,808 59,909 79,436 2.8%
Colombia 71,496 59,097 72,671 85,688 69,826 2.4%
Others 417,845 444,252 444,837 443,200 401,736 14.0%
Total 2,863,982 2,857,300 2,907,357 2,990,525 2,875,124 100.0%
Source: Statistics Canada. (CATSnet, March 2023)

2.3.5. Sources of Canada's top 5 fruit1 imports — by value (thousands Canadian dollars)

    2018 2019 2020 2021 2022
Grapes2, 3 United States $278,378 $281,720 $293,866 $285,659 $300,117
Peru $43,635 $65,546 $78,624 $97,698 $132,209
Chile $143,312 $119,245 $108,132 $91,157 $96,166
South Africa $61,017 $80,348 $83,853 $82,280 $85,385
Mexico $61,731 $66,758 $73,424 $64,057 $65,475
Strawberries4 United States $397,256 $366,894 $405,745 $436,023 $450,486
Mexico $85,976 $104,178 $103,498 $134,315 $140,756
Peru $5,295 $8,169 $12,920 $16,897 $18,872
Chile $9,114 $17,737 $23,747 $19,762 $18,536
Türkiye $6,535 $8,818 $6,813 $12,501 $11,388
Bananas5 Guatemala $240,418 $234,443 $220,936 $243,280 $319,837
Costa Rica $109,028 $118,814 $131,827 $103,071 $80,494
Colombia $61,512 $56,458 $67,593 $78,305 $72,112
Ecuador $68,275 $85,337 $94,221 $74,799 $63,406
Honduras $32,503 $33,272 $34,245 $28,822 $49,874
Highbush blueberries4 United States $133,294 $148,438 $166,983 $167,521 $177,345
Peru $54,634 $80,118 $83,450 $103,558 $153,162
Mexico $26,840 $36,276 $49,109 $83,148 $82,294
Chile $72,885 $68,331 $47,463 $56,906 $52,169
Argentina $8,810 $11,750 $9,607 $3,727 $3,520
Raspberries4, 6 Mexico $244,540 $270,096 $293,461 $299,666 $348,069
United States $150,859 $158,908 $165,515 $184,509 $195,850
Chile $32,743 $27,933 $30,142 $22,600 $43,043
Serbia $11,453 $12,195 $24,397 $39,536 $17,845
China $1,043 $873 $1,339 $2,349 $4,807

Notes:

1. Fresh fruit unless otherwise specified.

2. Includes table grapes and wine grapes.

3. Includes dried.

4. Includes frozen.

5. Includes plantains.

6. Includes blackberries, mulberries and loganberries.

Source: Statistics Canada. (CATSnet, March 2023)

2.3.6. Sources of Canada's top 5 fruit1 imports — by volume (metric tons)

  2018 2019 2020 2021 2022
Bananas2 Guatemala 257,468 246,490 228,420 258,929 298,985
Costa Rica 134,224 142,081 156,178 121,367 84,661
Colombia 69,269 56,318 67,562 81,571 64,193
Ecuador 62,754 82,577 88,956 70,873 52,053
Honduras 42,493 40,462 42,217 34,696 51,537
Apples4 United States 176,410 159,623 167,564 161,964 193,957
Chile 25,075 23,464 13,441 16,970 13,790
New Zealand 8,922 7,831 8,631 6,383 7,474
South Africa 1,205 1,268 1,241 1,617 3,201
Italy 3,561 8,930 3,064 4,277 2,225
Watermelons United States 146,219 138,771 157,207 165,982 144,054
Mexico 64,220 75,282 60,078 75,205 59,453
Guatemala 10,851 5,189 9,266 10,663 7,775
Honduras 5,445 7,285 3,756 3,178 3,342
Brazil 67 714 1,512 2,022 1,396
Grapes3, 4 United States 98,159 93,751 88,744 85,996 79,223
Peru 11,328 16,383 20,386 24,935 30,866
Chile 43,261 33,305 29,923 27,369 29,364
South Africa 11,062 14,402 17,970 20,254 22,423
Mexico 17,745 24,665 24,622 20,525 20,200
Oranges United States 102,058 96,443 109,065 97,650 74,713
South Africa 35,623 29,137 37,117 39,475 41,192
Spain 28,646 35,210 24,064 21,740 37,671
Morocco 9,587 11,973 9,272 12,202 18,048
Australia 5,298 3,692 4,564 5,452 2,877

Notes:

1. Fresh fruit unless otherwise specified.

2. Includes plantains.

3. Includes table grapes and wine grapes.

4. Includes dried.

Source: Statistics Canada. (CATSnet, March 2023)

3. Consumption

3.1. Fresh fruits available1 for consumption2 in Canada — kg per person

  2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2022 %
Share
Bananas 15.58 15.45 15.57 15.34 14.68 20.3%
Melons total3 10.55 10.00 9.63 10.15 8.90 12.3%
Oranges4 8.78 8.49 9.12 8.85 8.25 11.4%
Apples 10.49 9.75 9.93 8.67 7.72 10.6%
Grapes 4.54 4.49 4.46 4.39 4.39 6.1%
Cranberries 2.77 3.08 2.74 2.60 3.93 5.4%
Pineapples 3.23 3.02 2.82 3.12 3.31 4.3%
Strawberries 3.45 2.92 2.89 2.98 2.99 4.1%
Avocados 2.38 2.37 2.63 2.69 2.37 3.3%
Lemons 1.85 1.86 1.92 2.01 2.02 2.8%
Guavas and mangoes 1.67 1.74 1.88 1.94 1.81 2.5%
Dates 1.72 1.78 1.88 1.95 1.74 2.4%
Pears 1.83 1.83 1.66 1.70 1.58 2.2%
Blueberries 1.19 1.45 1.37 1.86 1.39 1.9%
Other fresh berries 1.10 1.14 1.17 1.10 1.18 1.6%
Peaches 1.08 1.11 0.97 1.04 0.96 1.3%
Grapefruits 0.94 0.87 0.98 0.90 0.79 1.1%
Fruits not specified 0.59 0.62 0.73 0.73 0.71 1.0%
Limes 0.73 0.73 0.78 0.73 0.68 0.9%
Kiwis 0.43 0.45 0.52 0.61 0.62 0.9%
Cherries 0.97 0.97 0.88 0.89 0.56 0.8%
Figs 0.45 0.38 0.46 0.47 0.54 0.7%
Nectarines 0.56 0.51 0.51 0.53 0.50 0.7%
Papayas 0.42 0.44 0.45 0.54 0.47 0.6%
Plums total 0.51 0.51 0.46 0.49 0.46 0.6%
Apricots 0.09 0.11 0.09 0.09 0.07 0.1%
Other citrus 0.04 0.07 0.03 0.04 0.03 0.0%
Quinces 0.00 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.01 0.0%
Total 77.94 76.15 76.55 76.39 72.49 100.0%

Notes:

1. Food available per person is calculated by dividing the domestic disappearance by the Canadian population as of July 1 of the reference year, at the retail level. 

Domestic disappearance represents the total food available for human consumption from the Canadian food supply chain.

Total Supply = Beginning stocks + Production + Imports

Domestic Disappearance = Total supply −  Exports −  Manufacturing −  Waste −  Ending stocks

2. Does not adjust for losses, such as waste and/or spoilage in stores, households, private institutions or restaurants or losses during preparation.

3. Melons total include melons, musk and cantaloupe, other fresh melons, watermelons and winter melons.

4. Oranges include mandarins, clementines, tangerines, satsumas, wilkings and similar citrus fruits.

Source: Statistics Canada. Table 32-10-0054-01 Food available in Canada

3.2. Fresh fruits available1 for consumption adjusted for losses2 in Canada — kg per person

  2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2022 %
Share
Bananas 7.65 7.59 7.65 7.53 7.21 21.0%
Apples 6.10 5.67 5.78 5.05 4.49 13.1%
Oranges3 3.49 3.38 3.63 3.52 3.25 9.5%
Melons total4 3.09 2.96 2.88 3.06 2.65 7.7%
Grapes 2.67 2.64 2.62 2.58 2.58 7.5%
Cranberries 1.75 1.95 1.73 1.65 2.49 7.3%
Strawberries 1.81 1.53 1.52 1.56 1.57 4.6%
Blueberries 0.95 1.15 1.09 1.48 1.11 3.2%
Dates 1.09 1.13 1.20 1.24 1.11 3.2%
Avocados 0.97 0.97 1.07 1.10 0.97 2.8%
Pears 1.13 1.12 1.02 1.04 0.97 2.8%
Guavas and mangoes 0.79 0.82 0.89 0.92 0.86 2.5%
Other berries 0.75 0.78 0.80 0.75 0.80 2.3%
Pineapples 0.70 0.66 0.61 0.68 0.68 2.0%
Lemons 0.52 0.52 0.54 0.57 0.57 1.7%
Peaches 0.49 0.50 0.44 0.48 0.44 1.3%
Fruits not specified 0.36 0.38 0.44 0.44 0.43 1.3%
Figs 0.31 0.27 0.33 0.33 0.38 1.1%
Plums total 0.30 0.30 0.27 0.27 0.27 0.8%
Limes 0.30 0.29 0.32 0.30 0.27 0.8%
Kiwis 0.17 0.18 0.21 0.24 0.25 0.7%
Grapefruits 0.31 0.28 0.32 0.29 0.25 0.7%
Nectarines 0.26 0.23 0.23 0.24 0.23 0.7%
Cherries 0.39 0.39 0.35 0.35 0.22 0.6%
Papayas 0.13 0.14 0.14 0.16 0.14 0.4%
Apricots 0.05 0.06 0.05 0.05 0.06 0.1%
Other citrus 0.02 0.04 0.02 0.02 0.02 0.1%
Quinces 0.00 0.00 0.01 0.00 0.01 0.0%
Total 36.55 35.93 36.16 35.90 34.26 100.0%

Notes:

1. Food available per person is calculated by dividing the domestic disappearance by the Canadian population as of July 1 of the reference year, at the retail level. 

Domestic disappearance represents the total food available for human consumption from the Canadian food supply chain.

Total Supply = Beginning stocks + Production + Imports

Domestic Disappearance = Total supply −  Exports −  Manufacturing −  Waste −  Ending stocks

2. Experimental, use with caution. The data have been adjusted for retail, household, cooking and plate loss.

3. Oranges include mandarins, clementines, tangerines, satsumas, wilkings and similar citrus fruits.       

4. Melons include melons, musk and cantaloupe, other fresh melons, watermelons and winter melons.

Source: Statistics Canada. Table 32-10-0054-01 Food available in Canada

4. World data

4.1. World production

4.1.1. World fruit production1 by commodity — by volume (metric tons)

  2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2021 %
Share
Bananas 113,226,251 116,775,502 117,677,765 121,397,848 124,978,578 13.7%
Watermelons 100,949,292 100,959,810 101,841,525 101,916,818 101,634,720 11.2%
Apples 83,085,659 85,903,043 87,509,103 90,490,295 93,144,358 10.2%
Oranges 73,442,596 73,276,531 76,216,362 76,566,647 75,567,952 8.3%
Grapes 73,549,311 80,015,897 77,087,415 76,997,321 73,524,196 8.1%
Mangoes2 52,620,298 54,307,128 56,532,219 56,685,547 57,011,283 6.3%
Plantains 38,243,772 38,352,612 44,534,879 45,385,816 45,321,643 5.0%
Tangerines3 32,947,177 34,471,432 38,947,541 39,105,345 41,950,302 4.6%
Cantaloupes and other melons 26,627,827 26,977,363 27,241,295 28,186,613 28,617,598 3.1%
Pineapples 27,415,670 28,295,699 28,167,314 27,244,583 28,647,866 3.1%
Pears 23,822,374 23,721,253 24,266,772 24,986,262 25,658,713 2.8%
Peaches and nectarines 23,732,143 23,895,259 24,610,870 24,267,464 24,994,352 2.7%
Lemons and limes 17,424,293 19,397,975 19,712,617 20,462,547 20,828,739 2.3%
Papayas 13,418,053 13,798,774 14,210,842 14,186,675 14,097,721 1.5%
Plums and sloes 11,494,838 12,251,148 12,131,192 12,105,278 12,014,482 1.3%
Dates 8,396,456 8,745,896 9,214,828 9,517,451 9,656,378 1.1%
Grapefruit and pomelos 8,668,411 9,039,496 9,300,250 9,381,190 9,556,999 1.1%
Strawberries 8,243,751 8,538,477 9,012,639 8,893,591 9,175,384 1.0%
Avocados 6,294,332 6,791,541 7,166,739 8,104,028 8,685,672 1.0%
Kiwi fruit 3,989,893 4,253,475 4,308,672 4,431,570 4,467,099 0.5%
Persimmons 4,547,892 4,247,388 4,246,319 4,230,463 4,332,167 0.5%
Apricots 4,789,361 3,890,829 4,051,543 3,717,003 3,578,412 0.4%
Cherries, sweet 2,449,772 2,569,614 2,630,541 2,632,985 2,732,413 0.3%
Cherries, sour 1,186,334 1,581,622 1,408,563 1,481,032 1,514,665 0.2%
Cashew apples 1,415,523 1,368,935 1,343,921 1,353,234 1,363,453 0.1%
Figs 1,175,234 1,239,903 1,325,281 1,396,889 1,348,255 0.1%
Raspberries 797,048 876,102 842,307 899,197 886,539 0.1%
Blueberries 702,364 801,913 1,026,250 995,271 1,113,261 0.1%
Others 80,004,761 80,938,273 81,938,535 82,539,449 83,241,200 9.2%
Total 844,660,688 867,282,887 888,504,099 899,558,412 909,644,400 100.0%

Notes:

1. FAO production data for 2022 was not yet available at the time of writing this report.

2. Includes mangosteens, guavas.

3. Includes mandarins, clementines and satsumas.

Source: Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) of the United Nations | © FAO Statistics Division 2023

4.1.2. World fruit production1 by country — by volume (metric tons)

  2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2021 %
Share
China 236,021,853 236,957,993 247,100,250 250,063,339 253,886,416 27.9%
India 98,029,787 101,895,872 104,160,532 106,968,140 107,853,314 11.9%
Brazil 39,858,944 39,943,437 40,178,360 39,758,410 39,818,722 4.4%
Türkiye 23,152,733 23,604,491 23,320,686 24,150,540 25,043,165 2.8%
Mexico 22,230,743 22,876,647 23,774,740 23,860,214 23,658,410 2.6%
Indonesia 19,055,460 20,098,137 20,954,737 22,803,491 23,607,790 2.6%
United States 26,466,750 24,383,989 25,495,633 23,883,251 22,866,342 2.5%
Spain 18,484,972 20,000,020 18,317,650 19,471,070 19,031,150 2.1%
Italy 16,559,640 17,756,035 17,253,730 17,827,510 17,194,020 1.9%
Philippines 16,551,014 16,787,506 16,638,992 16,477,607 16,665,056 1.8%
Iran 16,402,177 16,596,813 17,450,581 17,119,396 16,649,440 1.8%
Egypt 14,811,627 14,923,430 14,350,792 14,835,476 14,127,383 1.6%
Viet Nam 8,921,745 9,622,439 10,427,418 11,006,296 11,940,666 1.3%
Nigeria 11,842,706 11,829,838 11,825,900 11,857,410 11,855,172 1.3%
Colombia 8,200,217 9,530,329 10,834,378 10,510,878 11,146,530 1.2%
           
Canada2 1,002,986 998,731 985,929 934,873 889,413 0.1%
Total 844,660,688 867,282,887 888,504,099 899,558,412 909,644,400 100.0%

Notes:

1. FAO production data for 2022 was not yet available at the time of writing this report.

2. In 2021, Canada ranked 87th globally as a producer of fruits.

Source: Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) of the United Nations | © FAO Statistics Division 2023

4.1.3. World fruit production1 by commodity — by area (hectares)

  2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2021 %
Share
Plantains 5,569,880 5,365,966 6,780,247 6,889,860 6,792,294 10.2%
Grapes 6,836,781 6,872,676 6,912,409 6,924,070 6,729,198 10.1%
Mangoes2 5,548,160 5,521,843 5,695,317 5,909,097 5,974,437 9.0%
Bananas 5,109,757 5,026,405 5,101,554 5,252,483 5,336,862 8.0%
Apples 4,620,578 4,639,332 4,711,220 4,782,734 4,822,226 7.3%
Oranges 3,915,342 3,809,252 3,902,803 3,953,011 3,932,648 5.9%
Tangerines3 2,540,003 2,630,036 2,988,464 2,973,383 3,109,051 4.7%
Watermelons 3,098,492 3,110,357 3,072,271 3,002,429 3,031,544 4.6%
Plums and sloes 2,545,495 2,628,722 2,564,769 2,599,438 2,602,436 3.9%
Peaches and nectarines 1,496,073 1,478,551 1,476,987 1,466,309 1,504,682 2.3%
Pears 1,353,267 1,382,630 1,382,159 1,387,490 1,399,484 2.1%
Lemons and limes 1,104,894 1,170,185 1,270,412 1,297,515 1,338,321 2.0%
Dates 1,186,944 1,226,834 1,243,923 1,258,441 1,301,979 2.0%
Cantaloupes and other melons 1,032,914 1,025,399 1,038,226 1,059,125 1,077,369 1.6%
Pineapples 1,052,770 1,084,726 1,061,275 1,031,372 1,046,712 1.6%
Persimmons 948,278 974,952 993,801 1,007,794 1,032,183 1.6%
Avocados 669,709 724,845 748,094 805,741 858,152 1.3%
Apricots 558,888 544,981 556,536 561,241 551,874 0.8%
Cashew apples 555,070 506,179 493,315 493,695 495,167 0.7%
Papayas 448,539 465,179 470,593 481,192 486,161 0.7%
Cherries, sweet 420,753 418,398 440,142 446,786 451,064 0.7%
Strawberries 370,952 395,178 400,521 383,591 389,665 0.6%
Grapefruit and pomelos 346,298 374,676 355,195 355,906 360,892 0.5%
Figs 277,919 289,723 287,198 290,940 299,541 0.5%
Kiwi fruit 249,999 260,085 266,862 272,838 286,934 0.4%
Cherries, sour 208,103 223,110 224,948 219,711 224,425 0.3%
Blueberries 119,249 131,064 146,831 149,911 163,741 0.2%
Currants 112,111 131,525 136,950 142,780 130,336 0.2%
Raspberries 117,934 127,238 119,886 110,173 110,567 0.2%
Quinces 81,722 74,561 74,779 76,540 75,894 0.1%
Cranberries 24,608 23,578 23,303 24,230 23,591 0.0%
Others 10,334,326 10,280,118 10,325,801 10,405,401 10,542,584 15.9%
Total 62,855,808 62,918,304 65,266,791 66,015,227 66,482,014 100.0%

Notes:

1. FAO production data for 2022 was not yet available at the time of writing this report.

2. Includes mangosteens, guavas.

3. Includes mandarins, clementines and satsumas.

Source: Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) of the United Nations | © FAO Statistics Division 2023

4.1.4. World fruit production1 by country — by area (hectares)

  2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2021 %
Share
China 14,568,382 14,770,748 15,216,249 15,170,949 15,252,582 22.9%
India 6,764,085 6,929,406 7,062,097 7,202,840 7,375,687 11.1%
Brazil 2,181,152 2,107,701 2,093,573 2,082,194 2,085,979 3.1%
Uganda 1,067,981 771,302 2,101,664 2,195,214 2,069,757 3.1%
Nigeria 1,921,680 1,933,633 1,934,575 1,941,204 1,946,865 2.9%
Mexico 1,469,136 1,515,101 1,548,907 1,566,699 1,583,278 2.4%
Spain 1,582,227 1,560,080 1,556,110 1,548,120 1,553,960 2.3%
Democratic Republic of Congo 1,390,551 1,390,191 1,395,916 1,399,873 1,405,539 2.1%
Türkiye 1,356,687 1,348,368 1,363,485 1,337,128 1,341,896 2.0%
Philippines 1,319,037 1,323,876 1,317,060 1,323,910 1,323,172 2.0%
Iran 1,125,091 1,147,578 1,126,382 1,104,040 1,186,934 1.8%
Italy 1,124,141 1,095,281 1,113,420 1,131,370 1,126,240 1.7%
United States 1,165,531 1,110,544 1,100,170 1,083,941 1,066,816 1.6%
Thailand 1,173,030 987,327 976,181 987,822 1,020,424 1.5%
Pakistan 1,026,972 1,006,542 1,009,013 980,728 969,502 1.5%
           
Canada2 88,629 87,934 87,099 86,054 88,718 0.1%
Total 62,855,811 62,918,311 65,266,784 66,015,230 66,482,016 100.0%

Notes:

1. FAO production data for 2022 was not yet available at the time of writing this report.

2. In 2021, Canada ranked 86th globally as a producer of fruits.

Source: Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) of the United Nations | © FAO Statistics Division 2023

4.2. World trade

4.2.1. Top importers of fruit1 worldwide — by value (thousands of Canadian dollars)

  2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2022 %
Share
United States $24,453,061 $25,950,458 $26,135,963 $27,869,467 $31,297,504 16.6%
China $11,224,739 $15,487,121 $16,142,132 $19,789,763 $21,523,837 11.4%
Germany $15,343,657 $14,914,245 $16,928,229 $16,367,998 $15,478,002 8.2%
Netherlands $11,212,642 $11,678,238 $12,939,487 $12,826,303 $12,903,842 6.9%
France $7,819,100 $7,663,007 $8,439,793 $8,590,484 $8,245,516 4.4%
United Kingdom $8,370,492 $8,408,903 $8,597,496 $8,020,723 $7,908,237 4.2%
Canada $6,201,850 $6,370,248 $6,657,204 $6,864,669 $7,283,699 3.9%
India $4,882,744 $4,082,822 $4,261,487 $4,580,661 $5,739,305 3.0%
Viet-Nam $5,261,020 $4,554,196 $3,710,299 $5,816,735 $5,386,589 2.9%
Spain $4,567,018 $4,645,980 $5,014,427 $5,021,698 $5,246,553 2.8%
Italy $4,788,294 $5,066,954 $5,292,296 $5,062,877 $4,957,180 2.6%
Hong Kong $5,677,967 $6,070,577 $5,431,971 $6,042,702 $4,937,630 2.6%
Japan $4,454,392 $4,603,058 $4,750,115 $4,450,657 $4,232,843 2.2%
Belgium $5,036,166 $4,476,109 $4,944,129 $4,619,865 $4,079,514 2.2%
Poland $2,760,457 $2,732,646 $3,106,848 $3,238,022 $3,254,943 1.7%
Others $48,442,265 $49,352,844 $52,328,176 $53,142,662 $45,724,248 24.3%
Total $170,495,864 $176,057,406 $184,680,052 $192,305,286 $188,199,442 100.0%

Note:

1. Includes fresh, frozen and dried fruits and nuts.

Source: Global Trade Tracker (March 2023)

4.2.2. Top exporters of fruit1 worldwide — by value (thousands of Canadian dollars)

  2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2022 %
Share
United States $17,237,578 $18,007,102 $17,175,486 $16,783,456 $16,924,836 9.9%
Spain $13,086,451 $13,451,131 $14,625,521 $15,050,675 $13,521,171 7.9%
Mexico $8,496,628 $11,940,328 $12,368,521 $12,653,041 $11,938,923 7.0%
Netherlands $10,687,386 $10,738,952 $12,285,475 $12,224,668 $11,638,534 6.8%
Chile $7,331,609 $7,672,608 $7,771,251 $8,153,518 $11,146,982 6.5%
Thailand $2,004,873 $4,973,355 $5,648,290 $7,694,475 $7,334,034 4.3%
China $6,866,553 $8,248,184 $9,393,118 $7,961,579 $7,188,784 4.2%
Türkiye $5,635,418 $6,084,103 $6,448,371 $6,737,141 $6,468,071 3.8%
Peru $4,067,666 $4,583,462 $5,228,830 $6,024,428 $6,460,470 3.8%
South Africa $4,757,025 $4,526,446 $5,047,811 $5,518,138 $5,759,414 3.4%
Viet-Nam $5,509,574 $6,621,529 $6,486,572 $6,758,716 $5,459,836 3.2%
Italy $5,204,309 $4,964,721 $5,554,233 $5,643,140 $5,236,853 3.1%
Ecuador $4,365,369 $4,632,713 $5,223,837 $4,693,253 $4,621,880 2.7%
Costa Rica $2,511,124 $2,867,910 $2,988,381 $2,837,675 $4,131,865 2.4%
Belgium $3,502,274 $3,622,554 $3,695,388 $3,618,078 $3,552,362 2.1%
           
Canada2 $819,948 $843,295 $879,583 $906,579 $1,121,790 0.7%
Total $150,947,693 $164,944,578 $176,049,778 $178,792,064 $171,359,492 100.0%

Notes:

1. Includes fresh, frozen and dried fruits and nuts.

2. In 2022, Canada ranked 34th globally with exports totalling $1,121,790 thousands.

Source: Global Trade Tracker (March 2023)

5. Key Resources

FAOSTAT.

Global Trade Tracker.

Statistics Canada. Table 32-10-0166-01 Farms classified by farm type, Census of Agriculture historical data

Statistics Canada. Table 32-10-0364-01 Estimates, production and farm gate value of fresh and processed fruits.

Statistics Canada. Statistics Canada. Table 32-10-0054-01 Food available in Canada.

Statistics Canada. CATSNET.

Import and export data is based on the following Harmonized System Codes (H.S. Codes):

All import and export H.S. codes fall under Chapter 08 of the Custom Tariff.

  • Fresh fruit for import
    • 0801110000
    • 0801190000
    • 0801210000
    • 0801220000
    • 0801310000
    • 0801320000
    • 0802110000
    • 0802120000
    • 0802210000
    • 0802220000
    • 0802310000
    • 0802320000
    • 0802400010
    • 0802400020
    • 0802500010
    • 0802500020
    • 0802600000
    • 0802900011
    • 0802900012
    • 0802900091
    • 0802900092
    • 0803000010
    • 0803000011
    • 0803000012
    • 0803000020
    • 0804100010
    • 0804100020
    • 0804200010
    • 0804200020
    • 0804300010
    • 0804300011
    • 0804300012
    • 0804300020
    • 0804400000
    • 0804500010
    • 0804500020
    • 0805100011
    • 0805100012
    • 0805100013
    • 0805100019
    • 0805100020
    • 0805200011
    • 0805200019
    • 0805200020
    • 0805400000
    • 0805400010
    • 0805400020
    • 0805500011
    • 0805500012
    • 0805500020
    • 0805500021
    • 0805500022
    • 0805500030
    • 0805900010
    • 0805900020
    • 0806101100
    • 0806101900
    • 0806109100
    • 0806109110
    • 0806109120
    • 0806109900
    • 0806200000
    • 0807110000
    • 0807110010
    • 0807110020
    • 0807190010
    • 0807190020
    • 0807190090
    • 0807200000
    • 0807200010
    • 0807200020
    • 0808101011
    • 0808101012
    • 0808101013
    • 0808101014
    • 0808101015
    • 0808101016
    • 0808101017
    • 0808101019
    • 0808101081
    • 0808101082
    • 0808101083
    • 0808101084
    • 0808101089
    • 0808101091
    • 0808101092
    • 0808101093
    • 0808101094
    • 0808101095
    • 0808101096
    • 0808101097
    • 0808101099
    • 0808109000
    • 0808201000
    • 0808202900
    • 0808202910
    • 0808202920
    • 0808203000
    • 0809101000
    • 0809109900
    • 0809201000
    • 0809202900
    • 0809203900
    • 0809203910
    • 0809203920
    • 0809209000
    • 0809301000
    • 0809302100
    • 0809302900
    • 0809302910
    • 0809302920
    • 0809303000
    • 0809309000
    • 0809401000
    • 0809402900
    • 0809403900
    • 0809409000
    • 0810101000
    • 0810109100
    • 0810109900
    • 0810109910
    • 0810109920
    • 0810201100
    • 0810201900
    • 0810201910
    • 0810201920
    • 0810209000
    • 0810300000
    • 0810401010
    • 0810401011
    • 0810401012
    • 0810401021
    • 0810401022
    • 0810401023
    • 0810401090
    • 0810409000
    • 0810500000
    • 0810600000
    • 0810900010
    • 0810900020
    • 0810900090
    • 0810901000
    • 0810909010
    • 0810909020
    • 0810909090
    • 0811101000
    • 0811109000
    • 0811200010
    • 0811200090
    • 0811901010
    • 0811901090
    • 0811902000
    • 0811909011
    • 0811909012
    • 0811909013
    • 0811909021
    • 0811909029
    • 0811909030
    • 0811909091
    • 0811909099
    • 0812101000
    • 0812109010
    • 0812109090
    • 0812901010
    • 0812901020
    • 0812902000
    • 0812909000
    • 0813100000
    • 0813200000
    • 0813300000
    • 0813400010
    • 0813400090
    • 0813500010
    • 0813500020
    • 0813500030
    • 0814000010
    • 0814000090
  • Fresh fruit for export:
    • 08011100
    • 08011900
    • 08012100
    • 08012200
    • 08013100
    • 08013200
    • 08021100
    • 08021200
    • 08022100
    • 08022200
    • 08023100
    • 08023200
    • 08024000
    • 08025000
    • 08026000
    • 08029000
    • 08030000
    • 08041000
    • 08042000
    • 08043000
    • 08044000
    • 08045000
    • 08051000
    • 08052000
    • 08054000
    • 08055000
    • 08059000
    • 08061000
    • 08062000
    • 08071100
    • 08071900
    • 08072000
    • 08081010
    • 08081090
    • 08082000
    • 08091000
    • 08092000
    • 08093000
    • 08094000
    • 08101000
    • 08102010
    • 08102020
    • 08103000
    • 08104011
    • 08104012
    • 08104090
    • 08105000
    • 08109000
    • 08109010
    • 08109090
    • 08111000
    • 08112000
    • 08119011
    • 08119012
    • 08119090
    • 08121000
    • 08129000
    • 08131000
    • 08132000
    • 08133000
    • 08134000
    • 08135000
    • 08140000

Footnotes

Footnote 1

Totals may not add due to rounding.

Return to footnote 1 referrer

Footnote 2

The Canadian edible horticultural sector includes the fruit, vegetable, ginseng, honey and maple products sub-sectors.

Return to footnote 2 referrer