This page helps you gain a general overview of key regulations, considerations and requirements for Canadian agriculture and food entering the European Union (EU) and the European market.
It also provides information on rules of origin for the Canada-European Union Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement (CETA) to help enable you to benefit from its preferential tariff treatment.
Note that the specific regulations, requirements or considerations applicable to your exports will depend on your products.
EU export requirements
Products exported to the EU must meet all regulatory and/or sanitary requirements. CETA does not change on-going EU regulatory or sanitary requirements.
Examples of export requirements:
- Products such as meat, fruits, vegetables or maple products for export to the EU must be produced in a Canadian Food Inspection Agency (CFIA) federally registered establishment.
- Meat and meat products such as pork, beef and pet food must be produced in an EU-approved facility.
- Shipments must include an accompanying CFIA export certificate and/or health certificate for your products.
- Products must conform to EU food labelling requirements. This includes meeting font size standards, identifying genetically modified (GM) ingredients and providing relevant nutrition information.
CETA rules of origin
Rules of origin are provisions in free trade agreements that determine whether a good is “originating”. Only products undergoing sufficient production in Canada or the EU are considered “originating products” and are eligible to benefit from CETA’s preferential tariff treatment.
To benefit from CETA's preferential tariff treatment, you must ensure your products satisfy CETA's rules of origin provisions. Rules of origin are carefully defined in the Text of CETA – Protocol on rules of origin and origin procedures. You can visit CETA Chapter Summaries - Protocol I: Rules of Origin and Origin Procedures to find a summarized version of CETA's rules of origin.
Examples of products satisfying CETA rules of origin:
- Products that are “wholly obtained”, being grown and harvested, in Canada. This includes grains, fruits, vegetables, or fish that are grown, harvested, or caught in Canadian territory.
- Finished products produced or transformed in Canada using non-originating materials in accordance with the product-specific rules of origin. This includes using imported materials or ingredients in a Canadian product.
Support to help you reach the EU
CETA Guidance from the Trade Commissioner Service
Learn about legislation affecting Canadian exports to the EU.
Exporting Agri-food products to the European Union: a guide for Canadian business
Concrete advice on exporting agri-food products to the EU.
Exporting beef and pork to the EU
CETA's tariff-rate-quotas for fresh/chilled beef and veal; frozen/other beef and veal; pork.
Exporting fish and seafood to the European Union: A guide for Canadian business
Get information on the EU market, CETA, and how to export your fish and seafood products to this promising market.
European Commission Trade Helpdesk
Access an interactive tool to determine which import rules, taxes and other requirements apply for your EU exports.
European Commission – Labelling and nutrition
Find information on EU food labelling rules for consumers.
CFIA Food Exports
Identify the requirements that apply to your food exports from Canada, across different food sectors.
CETA for agri-food exporters
Discover how CETA can benefit your agri-food exports to the EU.
CETA chapter-by-chapter summaries
Read summaries of key provisions in the CETA agreement such as rules of origin and technical trade barriers.
Single window for market access services
Contact AAFC's Market Access Secretariat at firstname.lastname@example.org for questions relating to EU agri-food regulatory requirements or CETA rules of origin.